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lucene多种搜索方式详解例子

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package src;
  
import java.io.StringReader;
import java.util.Date;
  
import org.apache.lucene.analysis.Analyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.analysis.SimpleAnalyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.analysis.TokenStream;
import org.apache.lucene.analysis.cjk.CJKAnalyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.analysis.cn.ChineseAnalyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.analysis.standard.StandardAnalyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.document.DateField;
import org.apache.lucene.document.DateTools;
import org.apache.lucene.document.Document;
import org.apache.lucene.document.Field;
import org.apache.lucene.index.IndexReader;
import org.apache.lucene.index.Term;
import org.apache.lucene.queryParser.MultiFieldQueryParser;
import org.apache.lucene.queryParser.QueryParser;
import org.apache.lucene.search.BooleanClause;
import org.apache.lucene.search.BooleanQuery;
import org.apache.lucene.search.FuzzyQuery;
import org.apache.lucene.search.Hits;
import org.apache.lucene.search.IndexSearcher;
import org.apache.lucene.search.Query;
import org.apache.lucene.search.QueryFilter;
import org.apache.lucene.search.RangeQuery;
import org.apache.lucene.search.Sort;
import org.apache.lucene.search.SortField;
  
import java.util.Date;
  
import org.apache.lucene.analysis.standard.StandardAnalyzer;
import org.apache.lucene.document.Document;
import org.apache.lucene.index.IndexReader;
import org.apache.lucene.queryParser.QueryParser;
import org.apache.lucene.search.Hits;
import org.apache.lucene.search.IndexSearcher;
import org.apache.lucene.search.Query;
import org.apache.lucene.search.highlight.Highlighter;
import org.apache.lucene.search.highlight.QueryScorer;
import org.apache.lucene.search.highlight.SimpleFragmenter;
import org.apache.lucene.search.highlight.SimpleHTMLFormatter;
  
public class LuceneSearch {
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
  LuceneSearch test = new LuceneSearch();
  //
  Hits h = null;
  h = test.search("显示 ");
  test.printResult(h);
 
 
  h = test.search("jy");
  test.printResult(h);
 
  h = test.search("djy");
  test.printResult(h);
 
  h = test.search("料不");
  test.printResult(h);
 
  h = test.search("人");
  test.printResult(h);
}
public LuceneSearch(){
  try{
  searcher = new IndexSearcher(IndexReader.open("E:lucene  est4index"));
  }catch(Exception e){
  e.printStackTrace();
  }
}
//声明一个IndexSearcher对象
private IndexSearcher searcher = null;
//声明一个Query对象
private Query query = null;
ChineseAnalyzer analyzer = new ChineseAnalyzer();
Highlighter highlighter = null;
public final Hits search(String keyword){
  System.out.println("正在检索关键字:"+keyword);
  try{
  Date start = new Date();
 
 
  /***** 一个关键字,对一个字段进行查询 *****/
  QueryParser qp = new QueryParser("content",analyzer);
  query = qp.parse(keyword);
//  Hits hits = searcher.search(query);
 
  /***** 模糊查询 *****/
//  Term term = new Term("content",keyword);
//  FuzzyQuery fq = new FuzzyQuery(term);
//  Hits hits = searcher.search(fq);
  
  /***** 一个关键字,在两个字段中查询 *****/
  /*
  * 1.BooleanClause.Occur[]的三种类型:
  *  MUST : + and
  *  MUST_NOT : - not
  *  SHOULD : or
  * 2.下面查询的意思是:content中必须包含该关键字,而title有没有都无所谓
  * 3.下面的这个查询中,Occur[]的长度必须和Fields[]的长度一致。每个限制条件对应一个字段
  */
//  BooleanClause.Occur[] flags = new BooleanClause.Occur[]{BooleanClause.Occur.SHOULD,BooleanClause.Occur.MUST};
//  query=MultiFieldQueryParser.parse(keyword,new String[]{"title","content"},flags,analyzer);
 
 
  /***** 两个(多个)关键字对两个(多个)字段进行查询,默认匹配规则 *****/
  /*
  * 1.关键字的个数必须和字段的个数相等
  * 2.由于没有指定匹配规定,默认为"SHOULD"
  *  因此,下面查询的意思是:"title"中含有keyword1 或 "content"含有keyword2.
  *  在此例中,把keyword1和keyword2相同
  */
//  query=MultiFieldQueryParser.parse(new String[]{keyword,keyword},new String[]{"title","content"},analyzer);
  
  /***** 两个(多个)关键字对两个(多个)字段进行查询,手工指定匹配规则 *****/
  /*
  * 1.必须 关键字的个数 == 字段名的个数 == 匹配规则的个数
  * 2.下面查询的意思是:"title"必须不含有keyword1,并且"content"中必须含有keyword2
  */
//  BooleanClause.Occur[] flags = new BooleanClause.Occur[]{BooleanClause.Occur.MUST_NOT,BooleanClause.Occur.MUST};
//  query=MultiFieldQueryParser.parse(new String[]{keyword,keyword},new String[]{"title","content"},flags,analyzer);
  
  /***** 对日期型字段进行查询 *****/
 
  /***** 对数字范围进行查询 *****/
  /*
  * 1.两个条件必须是同一个字段
  * 2.前面一个条件必须比后面一个条件小,否则找不到数据
  * 3.new RangeQuery中的第三个参数,表示是否包含"="
  *  true: >= 或 <=
  *  false: > 或 <
  * 4.找出 55>=id>=53 or 60>=id>=57:
  */
//  Term lowerTerm1 = new Term("id","53");
//  Term upperTerm1 = new Term("id","55");
//  RangeQuery rq1 = new RangeQuery(lowerTerm1,upperTerm1,true);
// 
//  Term lowerTerm2 = new Term("id","57");
//  Term upperTerm2 = new Term("id","60");
//  RangeQuery rq2 = new RangeQuery(lowerTerm2,upperTerm2,true);
// 
//  BooleanQuery bq = new BooleanQuery();
//  bq.add(rq1,BooleanClause.Occur.SHOULD);
//  bq.add(rq2,BooleanClause.Occur.SHOULD);  
  
//手工拼范围
  
//  query = QueryParser.Parse("{200004 TO 200206}", "pubmonth", new SimpleAnalyzer());
// Lucene用[] 和{}分别表示包含和不包含.
  
  //String temp = "startDate:["+nextWeek[0]+" TO "+nextWeek[1]+"] ";
  //  temp = temp + " OR endDate:["+nextWeek[0]+" TO "+nextWeek[1]+"]";
  // Query query1 = qp.parse(temp);
  
//  Hits hits = searcher.search(bq);
  /***** 排序 *****/
  /*
  * 1.被排序的字段必须被索引过(Indexecd),在索引时不能 用 Field.Index.TOKENIZED
  *  (用UN_TOKENIZED可以正常实现.用NO时查询正常,但排序不能正常设置升降序)
  * 2.SortField类型
  *  SCORE、DOC、AUTO、STRING、INT、FLOAT、CUSTOM
  *  此类型主要是根据字段的类型选择
  * 3.SortField的第三个参数代表是否是降序
  *  true:降序 false:升序
  */
//  Sort sort = new Sort(new SortField[]{new SortField("id", SortField.INT, true)});
//  Hits hits = searcher.search(query,sort);
 
  /*
  * 按日期排序
  */
  // Sort sort = new Sort(new SortField[]{new SortField("createTime", SortField.INT, false)});
 
  /***** 过滤器 ******/
//  QueryParser qp1 = new QueryParser("content",analyzer);
//  Query fquery = qp1.parse("我");
// 
//  BooleanQuery bqf = new BooleanQuery();
//  bqf.add(fquery,BooleanClause.Occur.SHOULD);
// 
//  QueryFilter qf = new QueryFilter(bqf);
 
  Hits hits = searcher.search(query); 
 
 
  Date end = new Date();
  System.out.println("检索完成,用时"+(end.getTime()-start.getTime())+"毫秒");
  return hits;
  }catch(Exception e){
  e.printStackTrace();
  return null;
  }
 
}
public void printResult(Hits h){
  if(h.length() == 0){
  System.out.println("对不起,没有找到您要的结果.");
  }else{
  for(int i = 0; i < h.length(); i++){
   try{
   Document doc = h.doc(i);
  
   System.out.println("结果"+(i+1)+":"+doc.get("id")+" createTime:"+doc.get("createTime")+" title:"+doc.get("title")+"    content:"+doc.get("content"));
  
   //System.out.println(doc.get("path"));
   }catch(Exception e){
   e.printStackTrace();
   }
  }
  }
  System.out.println("--------------------------------------");
}
}
 需要说明的一点是,本例用到了Chinese分析器,需要导入相应的包!
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