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pls_integer类型

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PLS_INTEGER可以存储一个有符号的整形值,其精度范围和BINARY_INTEGER一样,是:-2^31~2^31。

PLS_INTEGER和NUMBER比较起来,其优点是:
1).占有较少的存储空间;
2).可以直接进行算术运算(在NUMBER上不能直接进行算术运算,如果要计算,NUMBER必须先被转换成二进制)。所以在进行算术的时候PLS_INTEGER比NUMBER和BINARY_INTEGER快一些。

PLS_INTEGER和BINARY_INTEGER区别:
PLS_INTEGER进行的运算发生溢出的时候,会触发异常。但是当BINARY_INTEGER运算发生溢出时,如果可以指派给一个NUMBER变量(没有超出NUMBER的精度范围)的话就不会触发异常。

Benefits of Using PLS_INTEGER Datatype in PL/SQL
If you have a whole-number counter, for example in a loop or record counter, consider using a datatype ofPLS_INTEGER instead of INTEGER or NUMBER. When declaring an integer variable,PLS_INTEGER is the most efficient numeric datatype because its values require less storage than INTEGER or NUMBER values, which are represented internally as 22-byte Oracle numbers. Also,PLS_INTEGER operations use machine arithmetic, so they are faster than BINARY_INTEGER, INTEGER, or NUMBER operations, which use library arithmetic.
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PLS_INTEGER Datatype
You use the PLS_INTEGER datatype to store signed integers. Its magnitude range is -2147483648 to 2147483647, represented in 32 bits. PLS_INTEGER values require less storage than NUMBER values and NUMBER subtypes. Also, PLS_INTEGER operations use hardware arithmetic, so they are faster than NUMBER operations, which use library arithmetic. For efficiency, use PLS_INTEGER for all calculations that fall within its magnitude range. For calculations outside the range of PLS_INTEGER, you can use the INTEGER datatype.

Note:

The BINARY_INTEGER and PLS_INTEGER datatypes are identical. See "Change to the BINARY_INTEGER Datatype".

When a calculation with two PLS_INTEGER datatypes overflows the magnitude range of PLS_INTEGER, an overflow exception is raised even if the result is assigned to a NUMBER datatype.

tips:1)pls_integer类型也是数字类型,但和number类型不同,number可以存储实数,而pls_integer只能存储-2147483647到+2147483647之间的整数,如果使用pls_integer类型时发生溢出,系统将会报错。
        2)binary_integer与pls_integer类似,在9.2版本以前大量使用,从9.2以后,从Oracle内部一些组件可以看的出,大有被pls_integer取代之势(pls_integer比binary_integer具有更少的存储开销和更好的访问性能,所以Oracle从9.2以后推荐你尽量能使用pls_integer就使用pls_integer)。它也是只能存储-2147483647到+2147483647之间的整数。
        3)在oracle 11g中,又增加了一个新的类似的数据类型simple_integer,不过simple_integer不能包含空值,它的取值范围是[-2147483648..2147483647]。在11g中,simple_integer相对pls_integer在性能上又有所提高,如果在实际的pl/sql中既不需要overflow检查也不会包含null值,Oracle建议你使用simple_integer.

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