The shapefile is an open format to which many software
packages write. Unfortunately, some of these software packages—sometimes due to bugs, sometimes due to lack of knowledge—do not follow the documented specification of the shapefile format.
Some segments are shorter than allowed by the system units of the spatial reference associated with the geometry.
The feature has no geometry or nothing in the SHAPE field.
不正确的环顺序/Incorrect ring ordering
The polygon is topologically simple, but its rings may not be oriented correctly (outer rings—clockwise, inner rings—counterclockwise).
不正确的线段方向/Incorrect segment orientation
Individual segments are not consistently oriented. The "to" point of seg i should be incident on the "from" point of seg i+1.
A polygon must not intersect itself.
The last segment in a ring must have its "to" point incident on the "from" point of the first segment.
The geometry has multiple parts and one of them is empty (has no geometry).
The geometry has two or more vertices with identical coordinates.
The Z or M coordinate of a line segment's endpoint does not match the Z or M coordinate of the coincident endpoint on the next segment.
One of the geometry's part is made up of disconnected or discontinuous parts.
空Z值/Empty Z values
The geometry has one or more vertex with empty Z value (NaN, for example).
以上的错误，可以用使用工具 Check Geometry 进行检查，工具会生成有关几何错误的报表。使用 Repaired Geometry 工具进行修复。