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求无序数组第K大小的数值

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#include "stdafx.h"
#include <time.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>


void swap(int & a, int & b);
int find_position(int* a,int k, int low,int high);
int find_orderk(int* a, int k, int low,int high);

void swap(int & a, int & b)
{
    int tmp = a;
    a = b;
    b = tmp;
}

int find_position(int* a,int k, int low,int high)
{
    if (low >= high)
    {
        return low;
    }
    
    int m = rand() % (high - low) + low;
    int tmp =  a[m];
    int p = m;

    int lowpos = low;
    bool bfindlow = false;
    for (int i = low; i < m; i++)
    {
        if (a[i] >= tmp && bfindlow)
        {    
            swap(a[lowpos++], a[i]);
        }
        else if(a[i] < tmp && !bfindlow)
        {
            lowpos = i;
            bfindlow = true;
        }
    }

    if (bfindlow)
    {
        swap(a[lowpos], a[m]);
        p = lowpos;
    }

    int highpos = p;
    lowpos = p+1;
    bool bfindhigh = false;    
    for (int i = m+1; i <= high; i++)
    {
        if (a[i] >= tmp)
        {
            highpos = i;
            if (!bfindhigh)
            {
                bfindhigh = true;
            }

            if(bfindlow)
            {
                highpos = lowpos;
                swap(a[lowpos++], a[i]);
            }        
        }
        else
        {
            if(!bfindlow)
            {
                bfindlow = true;
                lowpos = i;
            }
        }
    }

    if(bfindhigh)
    {
        swap(a[p], a[highpos]);
        p = highpos;
    }

    return p;
}


int find_orderk(int* a, int k, int low,int high)
{
    int p = find_position(a, k-1+low, low, high);
    
    if(p-low < k-1)
    {
        p = find_orderk(a, (k-1)-(p-low), p+1, high);
    }
    else if (p-low > k-1)
    {
        p = find_orderk(a, k, low, p-1);
    }

    return p;
}

int main ()  
{
    srand((unsigned) time(NULL));
    int k = 1;
    while (k <= 10)
    {
        int a[10]={9,11,6,2,8,12,7,3,20,1};
        int p = find_orderk(a, k, 0, 9);

        printf("\n NO. %d  VALUE : %d\n", k, a[p]);
        k++;
    }
    return 0;
}





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