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4.4从图库选择图片,获取图片路径并裁剪

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Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);//ACTION_OPEN_DOCUMENT
intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
intent.setType("image/jpeg");
if(android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT>=android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT){                
        startActivityForResult(intent, SELECT_PIC_KITKAT);  
}else{              
        startActivityForResult(intent, SELECT_PIC); 
}   

为什么要分开不同版本呢?其实在4.3或以下可以直接用ACTION_GET_CONTENT的,在4.4或以上,官方建议用ACTION_OPEN_DOCUMENT,但其实都不算太大区别,区别是他们返回的Uri,那个才叫大区别.这就是困扰了我一整天的问题所在了.

4.3或以下,选了图片之后,根据Uri来做处理,很多帖子都有了,我就不详细说了.主要是4.4,如果使用上面pick的原生方法来选图,返回的uri还是正常的,但如果用ACTION_GET_CONTENT的方法,返回的uri跟4.3是完全不一样的,4.3返回的是带文件路径的,而4.4返回的却是content://com.android.providers.media.documents/document/image:3951这样的,没有路径,只有图片编号的uri.这就导致接下来无法根据图片路径来裁剪的步骤了.

还好找了很多方法,包括加权限啊什么的,中间还试过用一些方法,自己的app没崩溃,倒是让系统图库崩溃了,引发了java.lang.SecurityException,

Caused by: java.lang.SecurityException: Permission Denial: opening provider com.android.providers.media.MediaDocumentsProvider from ProcessRecord{437b5d88 9494:com.google.android.gallery3d/u0a20} (pid=9494, uid=10020) requires android.permission.MANAGE_DOCUMENTS or android.permission.MANAGE_DOCUMENTS

看来4.4的系统还是有些bug.重点来了,4.4得到的uri,需要以下方法来获取文件的路径

public static String getPath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {

    final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT;

    // DocumentProvider
    if (isKitKat && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
        // ExternalStorageProvider
        if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
            final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final String[] split = docId.split(":");
            final String type = split[0];

            if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
            }

            // TODO handle non-primary volumes
        }
        // DownloadsProvider
        else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {

            final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(
                    Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));

            return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
        }
        // MediaProvider
        else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
            final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final String[] split = docId.split(":");
            final String type = split[0];

            Uri contentUri = null;
            if ("image".equals(type)) {
                contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
            } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
            } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
            }

            final String selection = "_id=?";
            final String[] selectionArgs = new String[] {
                    split[1]
            };

            return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
        }
    }
    // MediaStore (and general)
    else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {

        // Return the remote address
        if (isGooglePhotosUri(uri))
            return uri.getLastPathSegment();

        return getDataColumn(context, uri, null, null);
    }
    // File
    else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
        return uri.getPath();
    }

    return null;
}

/**
 * Get the value of the data column for this Uri. This is useful for
 * MediaStore Uris, and other file-based ContentProviders.
 *
 * @param context The context.
 * @param uri The Uri to query.
 * @param selection (Optional) Filter used in the query.
 * @param selectionArgs (Optional) Selection arguments used in the query.
 * @return The value of the _data column, which is typically a file path.
 */
public static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection,
        String[] selectionArgs) {

    Cursor cursor = null;
    final String column = "_data";
    final String[] projection = {
            column
    };

    try {
        cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs,
                null);
        if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
            final int index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
            return cursor.getString(index);
        }
    } finally {
        if (cursor != null)
            cursor.close();
    }
    return null;
}


/**
 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is ExternalStorageProvider.
 */
public static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
    return "com.android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
}

/**
 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
 */
public static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
    return "com.android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
}

/**
 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
 */
public static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
    return "com.android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
}

/**
 * @param uri The Uri to check.
 * @return Whether the Uri authority is Google Photos.
 */
public static boolean isGooglePhotosUri(Uri uri) {
    return "com.google.android.apps.photos.content".equals(uri.getAuthority());
}

这样,就可以在4.4上用漂亮的图片选择器,选到我们想要的文件,又不会出问题了.

昨天发现了个bug,如果在4.4上面不用"图片"来选,用"图库"来选,就会无法读取到图片路径,所以只需要加个判断,如果是用旧方式来选,就用旧方式来读,就是如果
DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri) 返回false的话,就用旧的方式

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public static String selectImage(Context context,Intent data){
        Uri selectedImage = data.getData();
//      Log.e(TAG, selectedImage.toString());
        if(selectedImage!=null){            
            String uriStr=selectedImage.toString();
            String path=uriStr.substring(10,uriStr.length());
            if(path.startsWith("com.sec.android.gallery3d")){
                Log.e(TAG, "It's auto backup pic path:"+selectedImage.toString());
                return null;
            }
        }       
        String[] filePathColumn = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };
        Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(selectedImage,filePathColumn, null, null, null);
        cursor.moveToFirst();
        int columnIndex = cursor.getColumnIndex(filePathColumn[0]);
        String picturePath = cursor.getString(columnIndex);
        cursor.close();
        return picturePath;     
    }
这样就OK的了
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