Heritrix3.3.0源码阅读 种子模块(观察者模式实践)

原创 2015年11月18日 13:13:29

种子模块从外部加载种子,并把种子发布给所有需要种子的对象。我们将会看到,这个模块是以观察者模式的形式实现的。本文不会讲到种子的具体加载过程,也不会讲到种子的消费过程,而只会讲种子模块本身,也就是该模块各个类的具体实现及组织方式。让我们开始吧。

“种子模块”是该模块一个抽象类的名称,其它具体类都必须继承它。该类源码如下:

package org.archive.modules.seeds;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;

import org.archive.modules.CrawlURI;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

public abstract class SeedModule implements Serializable
{
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    
    /**
     * Whether to tag seeds with their own URI as a heritable 'source' String,
     * which will be carried-forward to all URIs discovered on paths originating
     * from that seed. When present, such source tags appear in the
     * second-to-last crawl.log field.
     * 
     * 是否把种子作为可继承的源字符串,如果是,这个源字符串将被添加到所有以这个种子开始的路径
     * 上发现的URI。
     */
    protected boolean sourceTagSeeds = false;
    public boolean getSourceTagSeeds() {
        return sourceTagSeeds;
    }
    public void setSourceTagSeeds(boolean sourceTagSeeds) {
        this.sourceTagSeeds = sourceTagSeeds;
    }
    
    // 这个种子模块是一个主题,这里保存这个主题的所有观察者
    protected Set<SeedListener> seedListeners = 
        new HashSet<SeedListener>();
    public Set<SeedListener> getSeedListeners() {
        return seedListeners;
    }
    @Autowired
    public void setSeedListeners(Set<SeedListener> seedListeners) {
        this.seedListeners.addAll(seedListeners);
    }
    
    /**
     * 通知所有观察者
     * @param curi
     */
    protected void publishAddedSeed(CrawlURI curi) {
        for (SeedListener l: seedListeners) {
            l.addedSeed(curi);
        }
    }
    protected void publishNonSeedLine(String line) {
        for (SeedListener l: seedListeners) {
            l.nonseedLine(line);
        }
    }
    protected void publishConcludedSeedBatch() {
        for (SeedListener l: seedListeners) {
            l.concludedSeedBatch();
        }
    }

    public SeedModule() {
        super();
    }
    
    public abstract void announceSeeds();
    
    public abstract void actOn(File f); 
    
    public abstract void addSeed(final CrawlURI curi);

    /**
     * 注册观察者
     * @param sl
     */
    public void addSeedListener(SeedListener sl) {
        seedListeners.add(sl);
    }
}

从源码和注释中,我们可以看出,这个类就是观察者模式中的“主题”。seedListeners域用于保存注册的观察者。setSeedListeners和addSeedListener方法分别用于批量和单个观察者注册。publishAddedSeed,publishNonSeedLine和publishConcludedSeedBatch用于向观察者发布消息,是通过调用观察者相应的方法来实现的。publishAddedSeed用于发布种子;publishNonSeedLine用于发布不是种子的行;publishConcludedSeedBatch用于让监听者对种子做一些事情。前两个方法的作用在接下来的SeedModule的子类TextSeedModule的分析中就会变得很清晰;而publishConcludedSeedBatch方法的作用只有在分析具体的监听者实现时才能明白,而具体的监听者实现在本文不会涉及。

接下来我们来瞟一眼观察者接口SeedListener的定义,它里面包含了我们之前说过的“观察者相应的方法”的定义:

import org.archive.modules.CrawlURI;

/**
 * Implemented by components which want notifications of 
 * seed list changes.
 * 
 * 那些想在种子列表改变后获得通知的类实现这个接口(成为观察者)。
 * @author gojomo
 */
public interface SeedListener {
    void addedSeed(final CrawlURI uuri);
    boolean nonseedLine(String line);
    void concludedSeedBatch();
}

接下来,我们看看SeedModule的具体子类TextSeedModule:

package org.archive.modules.seeds;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.Reader;
import java.io.Writer;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;
import java.util.logging.Level;
import java.util.logging.Logger;

import org.apache.commons.httpclient.URIException;
import org.apache.commons.io.IOUtils;
import org.archive.io.ReadSource;
import org.archive.modules.CrawlURI;
import org.archive.modules.SchedulingConstants;
import org.archive.net.UURI;
import org.archive.net.UURIFactory;
import org.archive.spring.WriteTarget;
import org.archive.util.ArchiveUtils;
import org.archive.util.DevUtils;
import org.archive.util.iterator.LineReadingIterator;
import org.archive.util.iterator.RegexLineIterator;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Required;

/**
 * Module that announces a list of seeds from a text source (such
 * as a ConfigFile or ConfigString), and provides a mechanism for
 * adding seeds after a crawl has begun.
 * 
 * 该模块从一个文本源获得种子,并且提供了在爬取开始之后添加种子的机制
 *
 * @contributor gojomo
 */
public class TextSeedModule extends SeedModule 
implements ReadSource {
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 3L;

    private static final Logger logger =
        Logger.getLogger(TextSeedModule.class.getName());

    /**
     * Text from which to extract seeds
     * 从文本中抽取种子
     */
    protected ReadSource textSource = null;
    public ReadSource getTextSource() {
        return textSource;
    }
    @Required
    public void setTextSource(ReadSource seedsSource) {
        this.textSource = seedsSource;
    }
    
    /**
     * Number of lines of seeds-source to read on initial load before proceeding
     * with crawl. Default is -1, meaning all. Any other value will cause that
     * number of lines to be loaded before fetching begins, while all extra
     * lines continue to be processed in the background. Generally, this should
     * only be changed when working with very large seed lists, and scopes that
     * do *not* depend on reading all seeds. 
     * 
     * 在抓取之前,最初从seeds-source加载进来的行数。默认值是-1,意味着加载所有。任何其它值
     * 将会导致那个数量的行在抓取开始之前被加载进来,然而其余的行在后台被处理。通常情况下,这个
     * 值只有在有很多种子或者不依赖于读取所有种子的情况下才需要改变。
     */
    protected int blockAwaitingSeedLines = -1;
    public int getBlockAwaitingSeedLines() {
        return blockAwaitingSeedLines;
    }
    public void setBlockAwaitingSeedLines(int blockAwaitingSeedLines) {
        this.blockAwaitingSeedLines = blockAwaitingSeedLines;
    }

    public TextSeedModule() {
    }

    /**
     * Announce all seeds from configured source to SeedListeners 
     * (including nonseed lines mixed in). 
     * 
     * 向所有种子观察者宣布来源于配置源的所有种子
     * @see org.archive.modules.seeds.SeedModule#announceSeeds()
     */
    public void announceSeeds() {
        if(getBlockAwaitingSeedLines()>-1) {
            final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(getBlockAwaitingSeedLines());
            new Thread(){
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    announceSeeds(latch); 
                    while(latch.getCount()>0) {
                        latch.countDown();
                    }
                }
            }.start();
            try {
                latch.await();
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                // do nothing
            } 
        } else {
            announceSeeds(null); 
        }
    }
    
    protected void announceSeeds(CountDownLatch latchOrNull) {
        BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(textSource.obtainReader());       
        try {
            announceSeedsFromReader(reader,latchOrNull);    
        } finally {
            IOUtils.closeQuietly(reader);
        }
    }
            
    /**
     * Announce all seeds (and nonseed possible-directive lines) from
     * the given Reader
     * @param reader source of seed/directive lines
     * @param latchOrNull if non-null, sent countDown after each line, allowing 
     * another thread to proceed after a configurable number of lines processed
     */
    protected void announceSeedsFromReader(BufferedReader reader, CountDownLatch latchOrNull) {
        String s;
        Iterator<String> iter = 
            new RegexLineIterator(
                    new LineReadingIterator(reader),
                    RegexLineIterator.COMMENT_LINE,
                    RegexLineIterator.NONWHITESPACE_ENTRY_TRAILING_COMMENT,
                    RegexLineIterator.ENTRY);

        int count = 0; 
        while (iter.hasNext()) {
            s = (String) iter.next();
            if(Character.isLetterOrDigit(s.charAt(0))) {
                // consider a likely URI
                seedLine(s);
                count++;
                if(count%20000==0) {
                    System.runFinalization();
                }
            } else {
                // report just in case it's a useful directive
                nonseedLine(s);
            }
            if(latchOrNull!=null) {
                latchOrNull.countDown(); 
            }
        }
        publishConcludedSeedBatch(); 
    }
    
    /**
     * Handle a read line that is probably a seed.
     * 
     * 处理可能是种子的读入行
     * @param uri String seed-containing line
     */
    protected void seedLine(String uri) {
        if (!uri.matches("[a-zA-Z][\\w+\\-]+:.*")) { // Rfc2396 s3.1 scheme,
                                                     // minus '.'
            // Does not begin with scheme, so try http://
            uri = "http://" + uri;
        }
        try {
            UURI uuri = UURIFactory.getInstance(uri);
            CrawlURI curi = new CrawlURI(uuri);
            curi.setSeed(true);
            curi.setSchedulingDirective(SchedulingConstants.MEDIUM);
            if (getSourceTagSeeds()) {
                curi.setSourceTag(curi.toString());
            }
            publishAddedSeed(curi);
        } catch (URIException e) {
            // try as nonseed line as fallback
            nonseedLine(uri);
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * Handle a read line that is not a seed, but may still have
     * meaning to seed-consumers (such as scoping beans). 
     * 
     * 处理一个不是种子但是对种子消费者还是有意义的的读入行
     * @param uri String seed-containing line
     */
    protected void nonseedLine(String line) {
        publishNonSeedLine(line);
    }
    
    /**
     * Treat the given file as a source of additional seeds,
     * announcing to SeedListeners.
     * 
     * 从一个给定文件读取种子,并告知给监听者
     * @see org.archive.modules.seeds.SeedModule#actOn(java.io.File)
     */
    public void actOn(File f) {
        BufferedReader reader = null;
        try {
            reader = ArchiveUtils.getBufferedReader(f);
            announceSeedsFromReader(reader, null);    
        } catch (IOException ioe) {
            logger.log(Level.SEVERE,"problem reading seed file "+f,ioe);
        } finally {
            IOUtils.closeQuietly(reader);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Add a new seed to scope. By default, simply appends
     * to seeds file, though subclasses may handle differently.
     *
     * <p>This method is *not* sufficient to get the new seed 
     * scheduled in the Frontier for crawling -- it only 
     * affects the Scope's seed record (and decisions which
     * flow from seeds). 
     * 
     * 添加一个新的种子。默认情况下,只是把种子放到种子文件后面,子类
     * 可以有不同的处理方式。
     * 
     * 这个方法不能使新的种子被Frontier调度。也就是说,新的种子被当做普通
     * 的种子对待。
     *
     * @param curi CandidateUri to add
     * @return true if successful, false if add failed for any reason
     */
    @Override
    public synchronized void addSeed(final CrawlURI curi) {
        if(!(textSource instanceof WriteTarget)) {
            // TODO: do something else to log seed update
            logger.warning("nowhere to log added seed: "+curi);
        } else {
            // TODO: determine if this modification to seeds file means
            // TextSeedModule should (again) be Checkpointable
            try {
                Writer fw = ((WriteTarget)textSource).obtainWriter(true);
                // Write to new (last) line the URL.
                fw.write("\n");
                fw.write("# Heritrix added seed " +
                    ((curi.getVia() != null) ? "redirect from " + curi.getVia():
                        "(JMX)") + ".\n");
                fw.write(curi.toString());
                fw.flush();
                fw.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                DevUtils.warnHandle(e, "problem writing new seed");
            }
        }
        publishAddedSeed(curi); 
    }

    public Reader obtainReader() {
        return textSource.obtainReader();
    }
    
}

在这个类中,announceSeeds用于发布消息,具体是通过这个流程实现的:announceSeeds()调用announceSeeds(CountDownLatch latchOrNull),announceSeeds(CountDownLatch latchOrNull)调用announceSeedsFromReader(BufferedReader reader, CountDownLatch latchOrNull),announceSeedsFromReader(BufferedReader reader, CountDownLatch latchOrNull)调用seedLine(String uri)、nonseedLine(String line)和publishConcludedSeedBatch(),seedLine(String uri)调用publishAddedSeed(CrawlURI curi)和publishNonSeedLine(String line)。除此之外,还有两个方法值得关注,那就是actOn(File f)和addSeed(final CrawlURI curi)。前者用于从一个种子文件中读取信息,并把读到的信息发布出去,这个方法是下一篇文章将要讲到的爬虫在开始工作之后从指定目录加载种子文件的关键;而后者用于向种子列表添加一个种子。

以上讲的种子模块,其实就是Heritrix的org.archive.modules.seeds包下的三个类。

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。

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