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MsFlexGrid使用总结

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VB中MsFlexGrid控件的使用细则(收集)

>> 将文本赋值给MsFlexGrid的单元格
MsFlexGrid.TextMatrix(3,1)=”Hello”

>> 在MsFlexGrid控件单元格中插入背景图形
Set MsFlexGrid.CellPicture=LoadPicture(“C:/temp/1.bmp”)

>>选中某个单元
MsFlexGrid.Row=1
MsFlexGrid.Col=1

>>用粗体格式化当前选中单元
MsFlexGrid.CellFontBold=True

>> 添加新的一行
使用AddItem方法,用Tab字符分开不同单元格的内容
dim row as string
row=”AAA”&vbtab&”bbb”
MsFlexFrid1.addItem row


>>怎样来实现MSFlexGrid控件单数行背景为白色,双数的行背景为蓝色?
Dim i As Integer
With MSFlexGrid1
.AllowBigSelection = True ’ 设置网格样式
.FillStyle = flexFillRepeat
For i = 0 To .Rows - 1
.Row = i: .Col = .FixedCols
.ColSel = .Cols() - .FixedCols - 1
If i Mod 2 = 0 Then
.CellBackColor = &HC0C0C0 ’ 浅灰
Else
.CellBackColor = vbBlue ’ 兰色
End If
Next i
End With

>> MSFlexGrid控件如何移到最后一行
MSFlexGrid1.TopRow = MSFlexGrid1.Rows – 1

>>如何判断msflexgrid有无滚动条
Declare Function GetScrollRange Lib "user32" (ByVal hWnd As Long, ByVal nBar As Long, lpMinPos As

Long, lpMaxPos As Long) As Long
Public Const SB_HORZ = &H0
Public Const SB_VERT = &H1

Public Function VsScroll(MshGrid As MSHFlexGrid) As Boolean ’判断水平滚动条的可见性
Dim i As Long
VsScroll = False
i = GetScrollRange(MshGrid.hWnd, SB_HORZ, lpMinPos, lpMaxPos)
If lpMaxPos <> lpMinPos Then VsScroll = True
End Function

Public Function HeScroll(MshGrid As MSHFlexGrid) As Boolean ’判断垂直滚动条的可见性
Dim i As Long
HeScroll = False
i = GetScrollRange(MshGrid.hWnd, SB_VERT, lpMinPos, lpMaxPos)
If lpMaxPos <> lpMinPos Then HeScroll = True
End Function

>>程序运行时,想动态增加MSFlexgrid的列数
在第2列后插入一列:
Private Sub Form_Load()
Me.MSHFlexGrid1.Cols = 5
MSHFlexGrid1.Rows = 2
For i = 0 To Me.MSHFlexGrid1.Cols - 1
Me.MSHFlexGrid1.TextMatrix(0, i) = i
Me.MSHFlexGrid1.TextMatrix(1, i) = i
Next
End Sub

Private Sub Command1_Click()
Me.MSHFlexGrid1.Cols = Me.MSHFlexGrid1.Cols + 1
Me.MSHFlexGrid1.ColPosition(5) = 3
End Sub

>> 请教MSFlexGrid中的对齐功能的使用
设置MSFlexGrid1.ColAlignment(index)=n


>>得到MSFlexGrid控件中当前选中的一行
msflexgrid1.rowsel就是当前选中行

>> 如何通过代码调节列宽度
msflexgrid1.colwidth(i)=4000
将MsFlexGrid控件的内容输出到文本

2004-03-19 14:25:18
'OutDataToText
'将MsFlexGrid控件中显示的内容输出到文本文件
Public Sub OutDataToText(Flex As MSFlexGrid)
Dim s As String
Dim i As Integer
Dim j As Integer
Dim k As Integer
Dim strTemp As String
On Error GoTo Ert
Me.MousePointer = 11
On Error Resume Next
DoEvents
Dim FileNum As Integer
FileNum = FreeFile
Open "d:aa.txt" For Output As #FileNum
With Flex
k = .Rows
For i = 0 To k - 1
strTemp = ""
For j = 0 To .Cols - 1
DoEvents
strTemp = strTemp & .TextMatrix(i, j) & ","
Next j
Print #FileNum, Left(strTemp, Len(strTemp) - 1)
Next i
End With
Close #FileNum
Me.MousePointer = 0
MsgBox "导出成功"
Ert:
MsgBox Err.Description
Me.MousePointer = 0
End Sub
增加 MsFlexGrid 的编辑功能

(作者:佚名 加载日期: 2002/3/31)


概述
MsFlexGrid 控件没有提供文本编辑的功能,下面的例子演示了如何利用一个TextBox 实现编辑当前网格的功能



在按下一个键后, 就把TextBox 移动到当前的位置, 并激活。 在键入回车或移动到其他网格时,

就把TextBox 中的内容放到网格中。

实现步骤
1 打开 VB5, 开启一个新的工程。

2 在菜单“工程” 中选择 “部件”, 在列表中选中 “Microsoft FlexGrid Control ..”

3 放一个 MsFlexGrid 控件和一个TextBox 控件(Text1)到 Form1。 修改MsFlexGrid 控件的名称为 Grid1,

设置Grid1 的行,列 为 4, 固定行,列为 0。 设置 Text1 的 Visiable 为 False, BorderStyle 为

None(0)。

4 在Form1 的代码中增加声明:

Const ASC_ENTER = 13 '回车
Dim gRow As Integer
Dim gCol As Integer

5 增加代码到 Grid_KeyPress 过程:

Private Sub Grid1_KeyPress(KeyAscii As Integer)
' Move the text box to the current grid cell:
Text1.Top = Grid1.CellTop + Grid1.Top
Text1.Left = Grid1.CellLeft + Grid1.Left
' Save the position of the grids Row and Col for later:
gRow = Grid1.Row
gCol = Grid1.Col
' Make text box same size as current grid cell:
Text1.Width = Grid1.CellWidth - 2 * Screen.TwipsPerPixelX
Text1.Height = Grid1.CellHeight - 2 * Screen.TwipsPerPixelY
' Transfer the grid cell text:
Text1.Text = Grid1.Text
' Show the text box:
Text1.Visible = True
Text1.ZOrder 0 ' 把 Text1 放到最前面!
Text1.SetFocus
' Redirect this KeyPress event to the text box:
If KeyAscii <> ASC_ENTER Then
SendKeys Chr$(KeyAscii)
End If
End Sub

6 增加代码到 Text1_KeyPress 过程:

Private Sub Text1_KeyPress(KeyAscii As Integer)
If KeyAscii = ASC_ENTER Then
Grid1.SetFocus ' Set focus back to grid, see Text_LostFocus.
KeyAscii = 0 ' Ignore this KeyPress.
End If
End Sub

7 增加代码到 Text1_LostFocus 过程:

Private Sub Text1_LostFocus()
Dim tmpRow As Integer
Dim tmpCol As Integer
' Save current settings of Grid Row and col. This is needed only if
' the focus is set somewhere else in the Grid.
tmpRow = Grid1.Row
tmpCol = Grid1.Col
' Set Row and Col back to what they were before Text1_LostFocus:
Grid1.Row = gRow
Grid1.Col = gCol
Grid1.Text = Text1.Text ' Transfer text back to grid.
Text1.SelStart = 0 ' Return caret to beginning.
Text1.Visible = False ' Disable text box.
' Return row and Col contents:
Grid1.Row = tmpRow
Grid1.Col = tmpCol
End Sub

8 好了。 按 F5 开始测试。 您可以自由地在 Grid 中移动, 按回车可以开始或结束编辑。

使用MsFlexGrid控件的几个函数


作者:中国论坛网收集 来源:http://www.51one.net 加入时间:2004-8-25

在VB处理数据显示的时候,使用表格是一种好的方法,虽然DataGrid可以与数据源绑定,但是总有美中不足,就是

外观不好看,所以有时应用MsFlexGrid显示数据还是一种比较好的方法,以下几个函数是用来控制MsFlexGrid的

程序

(本人语言表达能力有限,还请见谅)



''MsFlexGrid操作函数

''合并列
Public Function MergeCol(GridObj As Object, ByVal StartCol As Long, ByVal EndCol As Long, ByVal

ColValue As String, ByVal CurrentRow As Long) As Boolean
If StartCol > EndCol Or StartCol > GridObj.Cols Or CurrentRow > GridObj.Rows Then
MsgBox "对不起,行列设置错误!", vbOKOnly, App.Title
MergeCol = False
Exit Function
End If

For I = StartCol To EndCol
GridObj.MergeCol(I) = True
GridObj.TextArray(faIndex(GridObj, CurrentRow, I)) = ColValue
GridObj.ColAlignment(I) = flexAlignCenterCenter
Next I


GridObj.MergeRow(CurrentRow) = True

MergeCol = True

End Function




''合并行
Public Function MergeRow(GridObj As Object, ByVal StartRow As Long, ByVal EndRow As Long, ByVal

RowValue As String, ByVal CurrentCol As Long) As Boolean
If StartRow > EndRow Or StartRow > GridObj.Rows Or CurrentCol > GridObj.Cols Then
MsgBox "对不起,行列设置错误!", vbOKOnly, App.Title
MergeRow = False
Exit Function
End If

For I = StartRow To EndRow
GridObj.MergeRow(I) = True
GridObj.TextArray(faIndex(GridObj, I, CurrentCol)) = RowValue
GridObj.ColAlignment(CurrentCol) = flexAlignCenterCenter

Next I
GridObj.MergeCol(CurrentCol) = True
MergeRow = True

End Function

''转换索引
Public Function faIndex(GridObj As Object, ByVal row As Integer, ByVal col As Integer) As Long
If row > GridObj.Rows Or row < 0 Or col > GridObj.Cols Or col < 0 Then
MsgBox "对不起,行列设置错误!", vbOKOnly, App.Title
faIndex = -1

Exit Function
End If

faIndex = row * GridObj.Cols + col

End Function


''插入行
Public Function SetItem(GridObj As Object, ByVal row As Integer, ByVal col As Integer, ByVal

SetValue As String) As Boolean
If row > GridObj.Rows Or row < 0 Or col > GridObj.Cols Or col < 0 Then
MsgBox "对不起,行列设置错误!", vbOKOnly, App.Title
SetItem = False
Exit Function
End If
GridObj.TextArray(faIndex(GridObj, row, col)) = SetValue

SetItem = True
End Function

''得到单元格值
Public Function GetItem(GridObj As Object, ByVal row As Integer, ByVal col As Integer) As String

If row > GridObj.Rows Or row < 0 Or col > GridObj.Cols Or col < 0 Then
MsgBox "对不起,行列设置错误!", vbOKOnly, App.Title
GetItem = ""
Exit Function
End If
GetItem = GridObj.TextArray(faIndex(GridObj, row, col))
End Function

在msflexgrid控件中每一个cell格的内容是不可以由用户直接编辑的但是我们可以通过一些小技
巧来方便的实现这编辑功能来扩展msflexgrid的应用(在实际应用中这是很常用的功能)。

你只需按下面的做即可轻松实现编辑msflexgrid控件数据的功能

例在窗体上放一文本框txtvalue,和一msflexgrid控件grid

‘文本框控件的keypress事件
private sub txtvalue_keypress(keyascii as integer)
‘放入一些处理过程,如只需输入数字时的处理

dim i
i=1
end sub

private sub txtvalue_change()
grid.text = txtvalue.text
end sub


'在grid的entercell事件中加入下例代码
private sub grid_entercell()
txtvalue.text = grid.text
txtvalue.selstart = 0
txtvalue.sellength = len(txtvalue.text)
end sub

'当用户输入数据时直接调用文本框的keypress事件
private sub grid_keypress(keyascii as integer)
txtvalue_keypress keyascii
end sub

ok,这样一个可编辑的msflexgrid控件就完成了,简单吧!!

原理
当用户点击msflexgrid中的某个cell格要输入数据时,产生entercell事件,在这里我们对文本
框进行初始化,输入当前cell格中的内容,并且选中所有文本。当用户要按下按键进行输入时,就直
接调用txtvalue的事件,由文本框来处理.

处理的结果同grid的当前cell同步,使用户编辑cell格就象使用文本框一样方便。
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