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解决 linux 安装 ubuntu-12.10-desktop-i386.iso

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解决 linux 安装 ubuntu-12.10-desktop-i386.iso


安装完成之后重启


一.出现如图1所示的问题


解决方案如下:

1.回车进入系统,打开终端(ctrl+alt+t)输入 sudo -s 然后输入密码,进入root模式
2.终端输入 gedit /etc/default/speech-dispatcher
3.将 RUN=no 改为 RUN=yes  修改完成保存退出
4.问题解决


二.进入系统的时候出现如图2所示问题


解决方案如下:
1.打开终端(ctrl+alt+t)输入 sudo -s 然后输入密码,进入root模式
2.终端输入 gedit /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf
3.在末尾加入blacklist i2c-piix4  修改完成保存退出
4.重启系统


三.Ubuntu 12.04 root用户登录设置
1.终端输入sudo -s 然后输入密码,进入root模式
2.终端输入 gedit /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf
3.添加或修改如下代码
[SeatDefaults]
greeter-session=unity-greeter
user-session=ubuntu
greeter-show-manual-login=true #手工输入登陆系统的用户名和密码
allow-guest=false   #不允许guest登录
修改完成保存退出
4.终端输入 sudo passwd root 根据提示输入密码
5.重启系统,终端输入 shutdown -r now
6.选择login登陆,输入用户名root和密码
7.完成


四.使用apt-get install <packagename> 安装软件报错,如图3所示


解决方案如下:
1.终端切换到/etc/apt/目录,然后复制一份sources.list文件以保安全 cp sources.list sources.list1
2.终端输入 gedit sources.list 打开文件后删除里边的内容,然后将以下代码加入进去保存:

#deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 12.10 _Quantal Quetzal_ - Release amd64 (20121017.5)]/ quantal main restricted

# See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
# newer versions of the distribution.
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal main restricted
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal main restricted

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates main restricted
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates main restricted

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team. Also, please note that software in universe WILL NOT receive any
## review or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal universe
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal universe
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates universe
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates universe

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu 
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to 
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in 
## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu
## security team.
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal multiverse
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal multiverse
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates multiverse
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates multiverse

## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as
## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes
## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.
## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review
## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ quantal-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu quantal-security main restricted
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu quantal-security main restricted
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu quantal-security universe
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu quantal-security universe
deb http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu quantal-security multiverse
deb-src http://old-releases.ubuntu.com/ubuntu quantal-security multiverse

3.最后执行apt-get update,根据提示选择 Y
5,完成可以使用了


注意:也可以在ubuntun自带的浏览器中输入:Ubuntu 12.10下如何更换更新源


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