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POJ 2553:The Bottom of a Graph【强连通】

标签: POJ强连通图论排序
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The Bottom of a Graph

Time Limit : 6000/3000ms (Java/Other)   Memory Limit : 131072/65536K (Java/Other)
Total Submission(s) : 14   Accepted Submission(s) : 2
Problem Description
We will use the following (standard) definitions from graph theory. Let V be a nonempty and finite set, its elements being called vertices (or nodes). Let E be a subset of the Cartesian product V×V, its elements being called edges. Then G=(V,E) is called a directed graph.
Let n be a positive integer, and let p=(e1,...,en) be a sequence of length n of edges ei∈E such that ei=(vi,vi+1) for a sequence of vertices (v1,...,vn+1). Then p is called a path from vertex v1 to vertex vn+1 in G and we say that vn+1 is reachable from v1, writing (v1→vn+1).
Here are some new definitions. A node v in a graph G=(V,E) is called a sink, if for every node w in G that is reachable from v, v is also reachable from w. The bottom of a graph is the subset of all nodes that are sinks, i.e., bottom(G)={v∈V|∀w∈V:(v→w)⇒(w→v)}. You have to calculate the bottom of certain graphs.
 

Input
The input contains several test cases, each of which corresponds to a directed graph G. Each test case starts with an integer number v, denoting the number of vertices of G=(V,E), where the vertices will be identified by the integer numbers in the set V={1,...,v}. You may assume that 1<=v<=5000. That is followed by a non-negative integer e and, thereafter, e pairs of vertex identifiers v1,w1,...,ve,we with the meaning that (vi,wi)∈E. There are no edges other than specified by these pairs. The last test case is followed by a zero.
 

Output
For each test case output the bottom of the specified graph on a single line. To this end, print the numbers of all nodes that are sinks in sorted order separated by a single space character. If the bottom is empty, print an empty line.
 

Sample Input
3 3 1 3 2 3 3 1 2 1 1 2 0
 

Sample Output
1 3 2
  • 题目大意      若节点V所能到达的点{w},都能反过来到达v,那我们称v是sink。  
  • 强连通+缩点  
  • 就是求极大连通分量,最后统计出度为0的点,排序后输出初度为0的分量包含的每一个点。
  • AC——code:
    #include<cstdio>
    #include<algorithm>
    #include<cstring>
    #include<vector>
    #include<stack>
    #define min(a,b) a>b?b:a
    #define MAXN 5000
    using namespace std;
    int dfn[MAXN],low[MAXN],sccno[MAXN],instack[MAXN],head[MAXN];
    int num,scc_cnt,dfs_clock;
    vector<int>scc[MAXN];
    stack<int>s;
    struct Eage
    {
    	int from,to,next;
    }eage[MAXN*MAXN];
    void add(int a,int b)
    {
    	Eage e={a,b,head[a]};
    	eage[num]=e;
    	head[a]=num++;
    }
    
    void tarjan(int u)
    {
    	int v;
    	low[u]=dfn[u]=++dfs_clock;
    	instack[u]=1;
    	s.push(u);
    	for(int i=head[u];i!=-1;i=eage[i].next)
    	{
    		v=eage[i].to;
    		if(!dfn[v])
    		{
    			tarjan(v);
    			low[u]=min(low[v],low[u]);
    		}
    		else if(instack[v])
    			low[u]=min(dfn[v],low[u]);
    	}
    	if(low[u]==dfn[u])
    	{
    		scc_cnt++;
    		scc[scc_cnt].clear();
    		do
    		{
    			v=s.top();
    			s.pop();
    			instack[v]=0;
    			sccno[v]=scc_cnt;
    			scc[scc_cnt].push_back(v);
    		}while(u!=v);
    	}
    }
    
    int in[MAXN],out[MAXN];
    
    int main()
    {
    	int n,m,a,b,x,i,j;
    	while(scanf("%d%d",&n,&m),n)
    	{
    		memset(head,-1,sizeof(head));
    		num=0;
    		while(m--)
    		{
    			scanf("%d%d",&a,&b);
    			add(a,b);
    		}
    		scc_cnt=dfs_clock=0;
    		memset(dfn,0,sizeof(dfn));
    		memset(low,0,sizeof(low));
    		memset(instack,0,sizeof(instack));
    		memset(sccno,0,sizeof(sccno));
    		for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
    			if(!dfn[i])
    				tarjan(i);
    		memset(in,0,sizeof(in));
    		for(i=1;i<=n;i++)
    		{
    			for(j=head[i];j!=-1;j=eage[j].next)
    				if(sccno[i]!=sccno[eage[j].to])
    				{
    					in[sccno[i]]=1;
    					break;
    				}
    		}
    		int sum=0;
    		for(i=1;i<=scc_cnt;i++)
    			if(!in[i])
    			{
    				for(j=1;j<=n;j++)
    					if(sccno[j]==i)
    						out[sum++]=j;
    			}
    		sort(out,out+sum);
    		if(sum!=0)
    		{
    			for(i=0;i<sum-1;i++)
    				printf("%d ",out[i]);
    			printf("%d\n",out[sum-1]);
    		}
    		else
    		{
    			printf("\n");
    			continue;
    		}
    	}
    	return 0;
    }



  • 题目大意      若节点V所能到达的点{w},都能反过来到达v,那我们称v是sink。  
  • 强连通+缩点  
  • 就是求极大连通分量,最后统计出度为0的点,排序后输出初度为0的分量包含的每一个点。
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    poj2553 - The Bottom of a Graph

    想看更多的解题报告:http://blog.csdn.net/wangjian8006/article/details/7870410              ...
    • wangjian8006
    • wangjian8006
    • 2012-08-22 10:50
    • 1623

    poj 2553 The Bottom of a Graph(强连通)

    题目链接 The Bottom of a Graph Time Limit: 3000MS   Memory Limit: 65536K Total Submissions: 9003   Accepted: 3728 ...
    • madaidao
    • madaidao
    • 2014-11-29 13:28
    • 288

    [强连通]poj 2553 The Bottom of a Graph

    /** [强连通]poj 2553 The Bottom of a Graph 这个题目的意思还是得认真读原题,不得不吐槽那本图论的书上中文坑爹的翻译。 题目定义了有向图上一个叫做sink的东西,结点u是sink的条件是,图上任意一点w, 如果u能到达w,那么w也能到达u。 思路,强连通...
    • cscj2010
    • cscj2010
    • 2012-08-20 12:36
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    poj 2553 The Bottom of a Graph 强连通Kosaraju

    。。。
    • xinag578
    • xinag578
    • 2015-09-11 15:14
    • 141

    POJ 2553 The Bottom of a Graph 强连通

    简单题意:求出度为0的集合
    • budlele
    • budlele
    • 2014-05-14 16:20
    • 276

    poj 2553 The Bottom of a Graph(强连通 Tarjan)

    题意:在一个有向图中,求出 点v能到达的点都能到达v的一个子图,然后把里面的点从小到大输出,没有的话输出空行。 思路:题意很明显,求出强连通分量,缩点后,找出出度为0的点然后保存里面的点。 //484K 94MS #include #include #include using...
    • buctears
    • buctears
    • 2013-07-23 12:59
    • 362

    POJ 2553 The Bottom of a Graph .

    题目地址:http://poj.org/problem?id=2553 一个点集中任意两个点若u能到v,那么v一定要能到u,也即是求强连通中出度为0的点 代码如下: #include #include #include #include #include #include using nam...
    • qq_34446253
    • qq_34446253
    • 2016-08-24 14:01
    • 88

    POJ 2553 —— The Bottom of a Graph

    原题:http://poj.org/problem?id=2553 题意:给出n个点,m条边的有向图;问有多少个点 v 满足—— v能到u,u也能到v(v能到达的所有点都要能回到v); 思路:出度 = 0 的强连通分量里的点都满足该情况; #include #include...
    • L_avender
    • L_avender
    • 2016-04-21 20:43
    • 149

    POJ 2553 The Bottom of a Graph

    题意: 定义一个点所能到达的所有点都能到达这个点,那么该点就是一个sink点,现给你n个点m条边的有向图,问你图中有多少个sink点,并指出对应的点。 思路: 首先明白一点,强连通分量里的所有点都是相互可达的,里面的点和分量外面的点都是只有一方可达的,所有我们只要用Tarjan缩点,然后对于出...
    • w446506278
    • w446506278
    • 2016-07-23 20:32
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    POJ 2553 The Bottom of a Graph

    http://poj.org/problem?id=2553The Bottom of a GraphTime Limit: 3000MSMemory Limit: 65536KTotal Submissions: 9130Accepted: 3789Desc...
    • u013077144
    • u013077144
    • 2016-04-21 18:59
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