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Exception AttributeError: "'NoneType' object has no attribute

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今天根据 <简明 python 教程http://sebug.net/paper/python/ch11s06.html>学习案例时,遇到 下面的异常.

 

 

 

#!/usr/local/python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
# filename: objvar.py
class Person:
	''' Represents a person'''
	population = 0
	def __init__(self,name):
		''' Initialize the person's data.

		This is just new a object . '''
		self.name = name
		print "(Initializing %s)" % self.name
		Person.population +=1

	def __del__(self):
		''' I am dying.

		This is a del method'''
		print "%s says bye." % self.name

		Person.population -=1
		if Person.population == 0:
			print 'I am the last one'
		else:
			print "There are still %d people left." % Person.population

	

	def sayHi(self):
		''' Greeting by the person

		This is a sayHi method'''
		print "Hi ,my name is %s" % self.name

	
	def howMany(self):
		''' Prints the current person
	
		This is a howMany method.'''
		if Person.population == 1:
			print 'I am the only person here.'
		else:
			print 'We have %d persons here.' % Person.population


if(__name__ == '__main__'):
	person1 = Person("ming")
	person1.sayHi()
	person1.howMany()

	person2 = Person("Jack")
	person2.sayHi()
	person2.howMany()

	person1.sayHi()
	person1.howMany()

 

(Initializing ming)
Hi ,my name is ming
I am the only person here.
(Initializing Jack)
Hi ,my name is Jack
We have 2 persons here.
Hi ,my name is ming
We have 2 persons here.
Jack says bye.
Exception AttributeError: "class Person has no attribute '__class__'" in <bound method Person.__del__ of <__main__.Person instance at 0xb723cfec>> ignored
luming says bye.
Exception AttributeError: "type object 'NoneType' has no attribute 'population'" in <bound method Person.__del__ of <__main__.Person instance at 0xb723cfac>> ignored

 

原因如下:

At interpreter shutdown, the module's global variables are set to None before the module itself is released.
__del__ methods may be called in those precaries circumstances, and should not rely on any global state.
将__del__方法中对类变量的访问方式改为如下即可:
def __del__(self): 
   self.__class__.population -= 1

更改后方法  __del__变为:

	def __del__(self):
		''' I am dying.

		This is a del method'''
		print "%s says bye." % self.name

		self.__class__.population -=1
		if self.__class__.population == 0:
			print 'I am the last one'
		else:
			print "There are still %d people left." % self.__class__.population

 

 

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