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nagios 邮件报警的设置

标签: nagios电子邮件邮件rhel
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搭建nagios的目的就是为了他的报警系统,nagios据我所了解可以有三种报警:
  一、声音报警
  二、电子邮件报警
  三、手机短讯报警
  下面是我的邮件报警的配置过程:
  1、开启系统自带的sendmail邮件系统
  service sendmail start
  如果没有安装,可以yum一下
  yum install -y sendmail*
  service sendmail restart
  测试发送邮件:
  echo "test" | mail lihuipeng007@163.com
  我系统在关掉iptables和selinux前提下是正常的
  2、配置nagios中报警邮箱
  vi /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg
  define contact{
  contact_name                    nagiosadmin             ; Short name of user
  use                             generic-contact         ; Inherit default values from generic-contact template (defined above)
  alias                           Nagios Admin            ; Full name of user
  email                           lihuipeng007@163.com   ; <<***** CHANGE THIS TO YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS ******
  }
  在email那里加上自己的邮箱,如果有多个可以用逗号隔开
  3、设置报警方式:
  vi /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/templates.cfg
  define contact{
  name                            generic-contact         ; The name of this contact template
  service_notification_period     24x7                    ; service notifications can be sent anytime
  host_notification_period        24x7                    ; host notifications can be sent anytime
  service_notification_options    w,u,c,r,f,s             ; send notifications for all service states, flapping events, and scheduled downtime events
  host_notification_options       d,u,r,f,s               ; send notifications for all host states, flapping events, and scheduled downtime events
  service_notification_commands   notify-service-by-email ; send service notifications via email
  host_notification_commands      notify-host-by-email    ; send host notifications via email
  register                        0                       ; DONT REGISTER THIS DEFINITION - ITS NOT A REAL CONTACT, JUST A TEMPLATE!
  }
  这两个notify-service-by-email 和  notify-host-by-email    是在command.cfg那里定义的,看看是怎么定义的:
  # 'notify-host-by-email' command definition
  define command{
  command_name    notify-host-by-email
  command_line    /usr/bin/printf "%b" "***** Nagios ***** Notification Type: $NOTIFICATIONTYPE$ Host: $HOSTNAME$ State: $HOSTSTATE$ Address: $HOSTADDRESS$ Info: $HOSTOUTPUT$ Date/Time: $LONGDATETIME$ " | /bin/mail -s "** $NOTIFICATIONTYPE$ Host Alert: $HOSTNAME$ is $HOSTSTATE$ **" $CONTACTEMAIL$
  }
  # 'notify-service-by-email' command definition
  define command{
  command_name    notify-service-by-email
  command_line    /usr/bin/printf "%b" "***** Nagios ***** Notification Type: $NOTIFICATIONTYPE$ Service: $SERVICEDESC$ Host: $HOSTALIAS$ Address: $HOSTADDRESS$ State: $SERVICESTATE$ Date/Time: $LONGDATETIME$ Additional Info: $SERVICEOUTPUT$ " | /bin/mail -s "** $NOTIFICATIONTYPE$ Service Alert: $HOSTALIAS$/$SERVICEDESC$ is $SERVICESTATE$ **" $CONTACTEMAIL$
  }
  这里已经默认配置好,我们不用修改直接调用就是了
  最后重启服务:
  service nagios retart
  然后随便关掉一些服务测试一下效果!很简单吧~
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