# CODE 3: Surrounded Regions

Given a 2D board containing 'X' and 'O', capture all regions surrounded by'X'.

A region is captured by flipping all 'O's into 'X's in that surrounded region .

For example,

X X X X
X O O X
X X O X
X O X X


After running your function, the board should be:

X X X X
X X X X
X X X X
X O X X

	public void solve(char[][] board) {
if (null == board || board.length == 0) {
return;
}
int m = board.length;
int n = board[0].length;

for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
if (board[i][0] == 'O') {
queue.offer(i * m);
}

if (board[i][n - 1] == 'O') {
queue.offer(i * m + n - 1);
}
}

for (int j = 1; j < n - 1; j++) {
if (board[0][j] == 'O') {
queue.offer(j);
}

if (board[m - 1][j] == 'O') {
queue.offer((m - 1) * m + j);
}
}

while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
int all = queue.poll();
int x = all / m;
int y = all % m;
board[x][y] = 'L';
for (int i = -1; i <= 1; i++) {
for (int j = -1; j <= 1; j++) {
if (x + i < 0 || x + i > m - 1 || y + j < 0
|| y + j > n - 1 || (Math.abs(i + j) != 1)) {
continue;
}
int tmpAll = (x + i) * m + y + j;
if (board[x + i][y + j] == 'O') {
queue.offer(tmpAll);
}
}
}
}

for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
board[i][j] = board[i][j] == 'L' ? 'O' : 'X';
}
}
}

1. 这道题首先使用了dfs完成，但这种方法使用了递归所以没有通过大数据集中大数据的测试；

2. 然后使用了bfs完成，但是同样的判断语句出现了很多次，也会导致运行时间过长，具体的问题代码如下：

	public void solve(char[][] board) {
if (null == board || board.length == 0) {
return;
}
int m = board.length;
int n = board[0].length;

for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
if (board[i][0] == 'O') {
queue.offer(i * m);
}

if (board[i][n - 1] == 'O') {
queue.offer(i * m + n - 1);
}
}

for (int j = 1; j < n - 1; j++) {
if (board[0][j] == 'O') {
queue.offer(j);
}

if (board[m - 1][j] == 'O') {
queue.offer((m - 1) * m + j);
}
}

while (!queue.isEmpty()) {
int all = queue.poll();
int x = all / m;
int y = all % m;
board[x][y] = 'L';
if (x > 0 && board[x - 1][y] == 'O') {
queue.offer((x - 1) * m + y);
}
if (x < m - 1 && board[x + 1][y] == 'O') {
queue.offer((x + 1) * m + y);
}
if (y > 0 && board[x][y - 1] == 'O') {
queue.offer(x * m + y - 1);
}
if (y < n - 1 && board[x][y + 1] == 'O') {
queue.offer(x * m + y + 1);
}
}

for (int i = 0; i < m; i++) {
for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
board[i][j] = board[i][j] == 'L' ? 'O' : 'X';
}
}
}

3. 在leetcode上貌似直接使用dfs和bfs是不行了，必须改进，比如改为非递归或者剪枝等等。

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