CF405E 挺好的爆搜题

原创 2015年11月19日 21:32:56

http://codeforces.com/problemset/problem/405/E

E. Graph Cutting
time limit per test
2 seconds
memory limit per test
256 megabytes
input
standard input
output
standard output

Little Chris is participating in a graph cutting contest. He's a pro. The time has come to test his skills to the fullest.

Chris is given a simple undirected connected graph with n vertices (numbered from 1 to n) and m edges. The problem is to cut it into edge-distinct paths of length 2. Formally, Chris has to partition all edges of the graph into pairs in such a way that the edges in a single pair are adjacent and each edge must be contained in exactly one pair.

For example, the figure shows a way Chris can cut a graph. The first sample test contains the description of this graph.

You are given a chance to compete with Chris. Find a way to cut the given graph or determine that it is impossible!

Input

The first line of input contains two space-separated integers n and m (1 ≤ n, m ≤ 105), the number of vertices and the number of edges in the graph. The next m lines contain the description of the graph's edges. The i-th line contains two space-separated integers ai andbi (1 ≤ ai, bi ≤ nai ≠ bi), the numbers of the vertices connected by the i-th edge. It is guaranteed that the given graph is simple (without self-loops and multi-edges) and connected.

Note: since the size of the input and output could be very large, don't use slow output techniques in your language. For example, do not use input and output streams (cin, cout) in C++.

Output

If it is possible to cut the given graph into edge-distinct paths of length 2, output  lines. In the i-th line print three space-separated integers xiyi and zi, the description of the i-th path. The graph should contain this path, i.e., the graph should contain edges (xi, yi)and (yi, zi). Each edge should appear in exactly one path of length 2. If there are multiple solutions, output any of them.

If it is impossible to cut the given graph, print "No solution" (without quotes).

Sample test(s)
input
8 12
1 2
2 3
3 4
4 1
1 3
2 4
3 5
3 6
5 6
6 7
6 8
7 8
output
1 2 4
1 3 2
1 4 3
5 3 6
5 6 8
6 7 8
input
3 3
1 2
2 3
3 1
output
No solution
input
3 2
1 2
2 3
output
1 2 3
/**
CF405E 爆搜
题目大意:给定一个简单图,将其拆成两条边相连的线段
解题思路:挺有技巧的搜索题,注意m为偶数是一定有解的
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <string.h>
using namespace std;
const int maxn=100005;

int head[maxn],ip;
int n,m,mk[maxn];

void init()
{
    memset(head,-1,sizeof(head));
    memset(mk,0,sizeof(mk));
    ip=0;
}

struct note
{
    int v,next;
}edge[maxn*2];

void addedge(int u,int v)
{
    edge[ip].v=v,edge[ip].next=head[u],head[u]=ip++;
}


bool dfs(int u,int pre)
{
    mk[u]=1;
    int vs[2],cnt=0;
    for(int i=head[u];i!=-1;i=edge[i].next)
    {
        int v=edge[i].v;
        if(mk[v]==0)
        {
            if(!dfs(v,u))
                vs[cnt++]=v;
        }
        else if(mk[v]==1&&v!=pre)
        {
            vs[cnt++]=v;
        }
        if(cnt==2)
        {
            cnt=0;
            printf("%d %d %d\n",vs[0],u,vs[1]);
        }
    }
    mk[u]=2;
    if(cnt)
    {
        printf("%d %d %d\n",vs[0],u,pre);
        return true;
    }
    return false;
}

int main()
{
    while(~scanf("%d%d",&n,&m))
    {
        init();
        for(int i=0;i<m;i++)
        {
            int u,v;
            scanf("%d%d",&u,&v);
            addedge(u,v);
            addedge(v,u);
        }
        if(m&1)printf("No solution\n");
        else dfs(1,-1);
    }
    return 0;
}


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