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CListCtrl控件的使用指南

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创建图形列表并和CListCtrl关联:
m_image_list.Create(IDB_CALLER2, 16, 10, RGB(192,192, 192));
m_image_list.SetBkColor( GetSysColor( COLOR_WINDOW ) );
m_caller_list.SetImageList( &m_image_list, LVSIL_SMALL);
为报表添加4列:
   char *szColumn[]={"昵称","IP地址","登陆时间","状态"};
   int widths[]={100,98,70,55};
   LV_COLUMN lvc;
   lvc.mask=LVCF_FMT|LVCF_WIDTH|LVCF_TEXT|LVCF_SUBITEM;
   lvc.fmt=LVCFMT_LEFT;
   for(int i=0;i<4;i++) {//插入各列
    lvc.pszText=szColumn[i];
    lvc.cx=widths[i];
    lvc.iSubItem=i;
    m_caller_list.InsertColumn(i,&lvc);
   }
为报表添加两项,以附加方式添加:
char* data[4];
data[0]="所有人";
data[1]="0.0.0.0";
data[3]="在线";
data[2]=new char;
CTime now=CTime::GetCurrentTime();
       CString temp = now.Format("%H:%M:%S");
data[2]=temp.GetBuffer(1);
LV_ITEM lvi;
lvi.mask=LVIF_TEXT|LVIF_IMAGE|LVIF_PARAM;
lvi.iSubItem=0;
lvi.pszText=(char *)data[0];
lvi.iImage = 0;
lvi.iItem=0;
m_caller_list.InsertItem(&lvi);
for (int j=0;j<4;j++) m_caller_list.SetItemText(count,j,data[j]);
count++;
lvi.iImage = 1;
lvi.iItem=count;
m_caller_list.InsertItem(&lvi);
data[0]="cherami";
data[1]="127.0.0.1";
for (int n=0;n<4;n++) m_caller_list.SetItemText(count,n,data[n]);
count++;

设置报表的样式
选中一整行:
m_list_ctrl.SetExtendedStyle(m_list_ctrl.GetExtendedStyle()|LVS_EX_FULLROWSELECT);
绘制表格:
m_list_ctrl.SetExtendedStyle(m_list_ctrl.GetExtendedStyle()|LVS_EX_GRIDLINES);
带复选框:
m_list_ctrl.SetExtendedStyle(m_list_ctrl.GetExtendedStyle()|LVS_EX_CHECKBOXES);
自动切换:
m_list_ctrl.SetExtendedStyle(m_list_ctrl.GetExtendedStyle()|LVS_EX_TRACKSELECT);

选定一行:
设置CListCtrl的Show selection always选项
SetItemState (iIndex, LVIS_SELECTED|LVIS_FOCUSED, LVIS_SELECTED|LVIS_FOCUSED)

选中一个或多个项目时,会发送LVN_ITEMCHANGED消息,可以使用
GetSelectedCount()方法得到被选定的项的数目。

点击列头的消息响应:
ON_NOTIFY(HDN_ITEMCLICKW, 0, ResponseFunc)
消息,需要自己添加
或者:
ON_NOTIFY(LVN_COLUMNCLICK, ID_yourCtrl, ResponseFunc)//向导添加
前者后响应,后者先响应

响应函数:
ResponseFunc(NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT *pResult)

双击CListCtrl中的ITEM的消息是及消息函数:
ON_NOTIFY(NM_DBLCLK, ID_yourCtrl, ResponseFunc)

单击ITEM的消息响应:
ON_NOTIFY(NM_CLICK, ID_yourCtrl, ResponseFunc)
ResponseFunc(NMHDR *pNMHDR, LRESULT *pResult)


HDN_ITEMCLICK    就是Header control Notify message for mouse left click on the Header control!
而HDN_ITEMCLICK是当List View中存在一个Header Contrl时,Header Ctrl通知父窗口List View的!

CListCtrl中的Item被选中触发LBN_SELCHANGE(通过WM_COMMAND)消息!

删除CListCtrl中选定的项:
POSITION pos;
int nIndex;

for(; pos= GetFirstSelectedItemPosition();)
{
nIndex = GetNextSelectedItem(pos);
DeleteItem(nIndex);
}

在ListCtrl中进行排序
列表控件(CListCtrl)的顶部有一排按钮,用户可以通过选择不同的列来对记录进行排序。但是 CListCtrl并没有自动排序的功能,我们需要自己添加一个用于排序的回调函数来比较两个数据的大小,此外还需要响应排序按钮被点击的消息。下面讲述一下具体的做法。

CListCtrl提供了用于排序的函数,函数原型为:BOOL CListCtrl::SortItems( PFNLVCOMPARE pfnCompare, DWORD dwData )。其中第一个参数为全局排序函数的地址,第二个参数为用户数据,你可以根据你的需要传递一个数据或是指针。该函数返回-1代表第一项排应在第二项前面,返回1代表第一项排应在第二项后面,返回0代表两项相等。

用于排序的函数原形为:int CALLBACK ListCompare(LPARAM lParam1, LPARAM lParam2, LPARAM lParamSort),其中第三个参数为调用者传递的数据(即调用SortItems时的第二个参数dwData)。第一和第二个参数为用于比较的两项的ItemData,你可以通过DWORD CListCtrl::GetItemData( int nItem )/BOOL CListCtrl::SetItemData( int nItem, DWORD dwData )来对每一项的ItemData进行存取。在添加项时选用特定的CListCtrl::InsertItem也可以设置该值。由于你在排序时只能通过该值来确定项的位置所以你应该比较明确的确定该值的含义。

最后一点,我们需要知道什么时候需要排序,实现这点可以在父窗口中对LVN_COLUMNCLICK消息进行处理来实现。

下面我们看一个例子,这个例子是一个派生类,并支持顺序/倒序两种方式排序。为了简单我对全局数据进行排序,而在实际应用中会有多组需要排序的数据,所以需要通过传递参数的方式来告诉派序函数需要对什么数据进行排序。


//全局数据
struct DEMO_DATA
{
char szName[20];
int iAge;
}strAllData[5]={{"王某",30},{"张某",40},{"武某",32},{"陈某",20},{"李某",36}};

//CListCtrl派生类定义
class CSortList : public CListCtrl
{
// Construction
public:
CSortList();
BOOL m_fAsc;//是否顺序排序
int m_nSortedCol;//当前排序的列
protected:
//{{AFX_MSG(CSortList)
//}}AFX_MSG
...
};

//父窗口中包含该CListCtrl派生类对象
class CSort_in_list_ctrlDlg : public CDialog
{
// Construction
public:
CSort_in_list_ctrlDlg(CWnd* pParent = NULL); // standard constructor

// Dialog Data
//{{AFX_DATA(CSort_in_list_ctrlDlg)
enum { IDD = IDD_SORT_IN_LIST_CTRL_DIALOG };
CSortList m_listTest;
//}}AFX_DATA
}

//在父窗口中定义LVN_COLUMNCLICK消息映射
BEGIN_MESSAGE_MAP(CSort_in_list_ctrlDlg, CDialog)
//{{AFX_MSG_MAP(CSort_in_list_ctrlDlg)
ON_NOTIFY(LVN_COLUMNCLICK, IDC_LIST1, OnColumnclickList1)
//}}AFX_MSG_MAP
END_MESSAGE_MAP()

//初始化数据
BOOL CSort_in_list_ctrlDlg::OnInitDialog()
{
CDialog::OnInitDialog();

//初始化ListCtrl中数据列表
m_listTest.InsertColumn(0,"姓名");
m_listTest.InsertColumn(1,"年龄");
m_listTest.SetColumnWidth(0,80);
m_listTest.SetColumnWidth(1,80);
for(int i=0;i<5;i++)
{
   m_listTest.InsertItem(i,strAllData[i].szName);
   char szAge[10];
   sprintf(szAge,"%d",strAllData[i].iAge);
   m_listTest.SetItemText(i,1,szAge);
   //设置每项的ItemData为数组中数据的索引
   //在排序函数中通过该ItemData来确定数据
   m_listTest.SetItemData(i,i);
}
return TRUE; // return TRUE unless you set the focus to a control
}

//处理消息
void CSort_in_list_ctrlDlg::OnColumnclickList1(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult)
{
NM_LISTVIEW* pNMListView = (NM_LISTVIEW*)pNMHDR;
//设置排序方式
if( pNMListView->iSubItem == m_listTest.m_nSortedCol )
   m_listTest.m_fAsc = !m_listTest.m_fAsc;
else
{
   m_listTest.m_fAsc = TRUE;
   m_listTest.m_nSortedCol = pNMListView->iSubItem;
}
//调用排序函数
m_listTest.SortItems( ListCompare, (DWORD)&m_listTest );       
*pResult = 0;
}

//排序函数实现
int CALLBACK ListCompare(LPARAM lParam1, LPARAM lParam2, LPARAM lParamSort)
{
//通过传递的参数来得到CSortList对象指针,从而得到排序方式
CSortList* pV=(CSortList*)lParamSort;

//通过ItemData来确定数据
DEMO_DATA* pInfo1=strAllData+lParam1;
DEMO_DATA* pInfo2=strAllData+lParam2;
CString szComp1,szComp2;
int iCompRes;
switch(pV->m_nSortedCol)
{
case(0):
   //以第一列为根据排序
   szComp1=pInfo1->szName;
   szComp2=pInfo2->szName;
   iCompRes=szComp1.Compare(szComp2);
   break;
case(1):
   //以第二列为根据排序
   if(pInfo1->iAge == pInfo2->iAge)
    iCompRes = 0;
   else
    iCompRes=(pInfo1->iAge < pInfo2->iAge)?-1:1;
   break;
default:
   ASSERT(0);
   break;
}
//根据当前的排序方式进行调整
if(pV->m_fAsc)
   return iCompRes;
else
   return iCompRes*-1;
}

排序最快:
CListCtrl::SortItems
Example

// Sort the item in reverse alphabetical order.
static int CALLBACK
MyCompareProc(LPARAM lParam1, LPARAM lParam2, LPARAM lParamSort)
{
// lParamSort contains a pointer to the list view control.
// The lParam of an item is just its index.
CListCtrl* pListCtrl = (CListCtrl*) lParamSort;
CString    strItem1 = pListCtrl->GetItemText(lParam1, 0);
CString    strItem2 = pListCtrl->GetItemText(lParam2, 0);

return strcmp(strItem2, strItem1);
}

void snip_CListCtrl_SortItems()
{
// The pointer to my list view control.
extern CListCtrl* pmyListCtrl;

// Sort the list view items using my callback procedure.
pmyListCtrl->SortItems(MyCompareProc, (LPARAM) pmyListCtrl);
}


If you don’t want to allow the users to sort the list by clicking on the header, you can use the style LVS_NOSORTHEADER. However, if you do want to allow sorting, you do not specify the LVS_NOSORTHEADER. The control, though, does not sort the items. You have to handle the HDN_ITEMCLICK notification from the header control and process it appropriately. In the code below, we have used the sorting function SortTextItems() developed in a previous section. You may choose to sort the items in a different manner.
Step 1: Add two member variables
Add two member variables to the CListCtrl. The first variable to track which column has been sorted on, if any. The second variable to track if the sort is ascending or descending.
        int nSortedCol;
        BOOL bSortAscending;


Step 2: Initialize them in the constructor.
Initialize nSortedCol to -1 to indicate that no column has been sorted on. If the list is initially sorted, then this variable should reflect that.

        nSortedCol = -1;
        bSortAscending = TRUE;

Step 3: Add entry in message map to handle HDN_ITEMCLICK
Actually you need to add two entries. For HDN_ITEMCLICKA and HDN_ITEMCLICKW. Do not use the class wizard to add the entry. For one, you need to add two entries whereas the class wizard will allow you only one. Secondly, the class wizard uses the wrong macro in the entry. It uses ON_NOTIFY_REFLECT() instead of ON_NOTIFY(). Since the HDN_ITEMCLICK is a notification from the header control to the list view control, it is a direct notification and not a reflected one.
ON_NOTIFY(HDN_ITEMCLICKA, 0, OnHeaderClicked)
ON_NOTIFY(HDN_ITEMCLICKW, 0, OnHeaderClicked)
Note that we specify the same function for both the notification. Actually the program will receive one or the other and not both. What notification it receives will depend on the OS. The list view control on Windows 95 will send the ANSI version and the control on NT will send the UNICODE version.
Also, note that the second argument is zero. This value filters for the id of the control and we know that header control id is zero.

Step 4: Write the OnHeaderClicked() function
Here’s where you decide what to do when the user clicks on a column header. The expected behaviour is to sort the list based on the values of the items in that column. In this function we have used the SortTextItems() function developed in a previous section. If any of the columns displays numeric or date values, then you would have to provide custom sorting for them.

void CMyListCtrl::OnHeaderClicked(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult)
{
        HD_NOTIFY *phdn = (HD_NOTIFY *) pNMHDR;

        if( phdn->iButton == 0 )
        {
                // User clicked on header using left mouse button
                if( phdn->iItem == nSortedCol )
                        bSortAscending = !bSortAscending;
                else
                        bSortAscending = TRUE;

                nSortedCol = phdn->iItem;
                SortTextItems( nSortedCol, bSortAscending );

        }
        *pResult = 0;
}

让CListCtrl的SubItem也具有编辑功能:
要重载一个文本框,然后在LVN_BEGINLABELEDIT时改变文本框位置。
CInEdit m_InEdit;

    if( ( GetStyle() & LVS_TYPEMASK ) == LVS_REPORT && ( m_nEditSubItem != 0 ) )
    {
        HWND    hwndEdit;
        CRect    rtBound;
        CString strText;

        hwndEdit = (HWND)SendMessage( LVM_GETEDITCONTROL );
        GetSubItemRect( pDispInfo->item.iItem, m_nEditSubItem, LVIR_LABEL, rtBound );
        m_InEdit.SubclassWindow( hwndEdit );
        m_InEdit.m_left = rtBound.left;
        strText = GetItemText( pDispInfo->item.iItem, m_nEditSubItem );
        m_InEdit.SetWindowText( strText );
    }

void CInEdit::OnWindowPosChanging(WINDOWPOS FAR* lpwndpos)
{
    CRect rtClient;

    lpwndpos->x = m_left; // m_left在LVN_BEGINLABELEDIT中设置

    CEdit::OnWindowPosChanging(lpwndpos);
   
    // TODO: Add your message handler code here

 }

摘自:http://blog.csdn.net/lixiaosan/archive/2006/04/07/653563.aspx

CListCtrl 使用技巧

作者:lixiaosan
时间:04/06/2006

以下未经说明,listctrl默认view 风格为report

相关类及处理函数

MFC:CListCtrl类

SDK:以 “ListView_”开头的一些宏。如 ListView_InsertColumn


 

1. CListCtrl 风格

      LVS_ICON: 为每个item显示大图标
      LVS_SMALLICON: 为每个item显示小图标
      LVS_LIST: 显示一列带有小图标的item
      LVS_REPORT: 显示item详细资料

      直观的理解:windows资源管理器,“查看”标签下的“大图标,小图标,列表,详细资料”



 

2. 设置listctrl 风格及扩展风格

      LONG lStyle;
      lStyle = GetWindowLong(m_list.m_hWnd, GWL_STYLE);//获取当前窗口style
      lStyle &= ~LVS_TYPEMASK; //清除显示方式位
      lStyle |= LVS_REPORT; //设置style
      SetWindowLong(m_list.m_hWnd, GWL_STYLE, lStyle);//设置style
 
      DWORD dwStyle = m_list.GetExtendedStyle();
      dwStyle |= LVS_EX_FULLROWSELECT;//选中某行使整行高亮(只适用与report风格的listctrl)
      dwStyle |= LVS_EX_GRIDLINES;//网格线(只适用与report风格的listctrl)
      dwStyle |= LVS_EX_CHECKBOXES;//item前生成checkbox控件
      m_list.SetExtendedStyle(dwStyle); //设置扩展风格
 
      注:listview的style请查阅msdn
      http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/wceshellui5/html/wce50lrflistviewstyles.asp

 


 

3. 插入数据

      m_list.InsertColumn( 0, "ID", LVCFMT_LEFT, 40 );//插入列
      m_list.InsertColumn( 1, "NAME", LVCFMT_LEFT, 50 );
      int nRow = m_list.InsertItem(0, “11”);//插入行
      m_list.SetItemText(nRow, 1, “jacky”);//设置数据

 


 

4. 一直选中item

    选中style中的Show selection always,或者在上面第2点中设置LVS_SHOWSELALWAYS



 

5. 选中和取消选中一行

    int nIndex = 0;
    //选中
    m_list.SetItemState(nIndex, LVIS_SELECTED|LVIS_FOCUSED, LVIS_SELECTED|LVIS_FOCUSED);
    //取消选中
    m_list.SetItemState(nIndex, 0, LVIS_SELECTED|LVIS_FOCUSED);
 


 

6. 得到listctrl中所有行的checkbox的状态

      m_list.SetExtendedStyle(LVS_EX_CHECKBOXES);
      CString str;
      for(int i=0; i<M_LIST.GETITEMCOUNT(); i++)
      {
           if( m_list.GetItemState(i, LVIS_SELECTED) == LVIS_SELECTED || m_list.GetCheck(i))
           {
                str.Format(_T("第%d行的checkbox为选中状态"), i);
                AfxMessageBox(str);
           }
      }



 

7. 得到listctrl中所有选中行的序号


      方法一:
      CString str;
      for(int i=0; i<M_LIST.GETITEMCOUNT(); i++)
      {
           if( m_list.GetItemState(i, LVIS_SELECTED) == LVIS_SELECTED )
           {
                str.Format(_T("选中了第%d行"), i);
             nbsp;  AfxMessageBox(str);
           }
      }

      方法二:
      POSITION pos = m_list.GetFirstSelectedItemPosition();
      if (pos == NULL)
           TRACE0("No items were selected!\n");
      else
      {
           while (pos)
           {
                int nItem = m_list.GetNextSelectedItem(pos);
                TRACE1("Item %d was selected!\n", nItem);
                // you could do your own processing on nItem here
           }
      }



 

8. 得到item的信息

      TCHAR szBuf[1024];
      LVITEM lvi;
      lvi.iItem = nItemIndex;
      lvi.iSubItem = 0;
      lvi.mask = LVIF_TEXT;
      lvi.pszText = szBuf;
      lvi.cchTextMax = 1024;
      m_list.GetItem(&lvi);

      关于得到设置item的状态,还可以参考msdn文章
      Q173242: Use Masks to Set/Get Item States in CListCtrl
               http://support.microsoft.com/kb/173242/en-us



 

9. 得到listctrl的所有列的header字符串内容

      LVCOLUMN lvcol;
      char  str[256];
      int   nColNum;
      CString  strColumnName[4];//假如有4列

      nColNum = 0;
      lvcol.mask = LVCF_TEXT;
      lvcol.pszText = str;
      lvcol.cchTextMax = 256;
      while(m_list.GetColumn(nColNum, &lvcol))
      {
           strColumnName[nColNum] = lvcol.pszText;
           nColNum++;
      }



 

10. 使listctrl中一项可见,即滚动滚动条

    m_list.EnsureVisible(i, FALSE);


 

11. 得到listctrl列数

    int nHeadNum = m_list.GetHeaderCtrl()->GetItemCount();


 

12. 删除所有列

      方法一:
         while ( m_list.DeleteColumn (0))
       因为你删除了第一列后,后面的列会依次向上移动。

      方法二:
      int nColumns = 4;
      for (int i=nColumns-1; i>=0; i--)
          m_list.DeleteColumn (i);



 

13. 得到单击的listctrl的行列号

      添加listctrl控件的NM_CLICK消息相应函数
      void CTest6Dlg::OnClickList1(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult)
      {
           // 方法一:
           /*
           DWORD dwPos = GetMessagePos();
           CPoint point( LOWORD(dwPos), HIWORD(dwPos) );
  
           m_list.ScreenToClient(&point);
  
           LVHITTESTINFO lvinfo;
           lvinfo.pt = point;
           lvinfo.flags = LVHT_ABOVE;
    
           int nItem = m_list.SubItemHitTest(&lvinfo);
           if(nItem != -1)
           {
                CString strtemp;
                strtemp.Format("单击的是第%d行第%d列", lvinfo.iItem, lvinfo.iSubItem);
                AfxMessageBox(strtemp);
           }
          */
  
          // 方法二:
          /*
           NM_LISTVIEW* pNMListView = (NM_LISTVIEW*)pNMHDR;
           if(pNMListView->iItem != -1)
           {
                CString strtemp;
                strtemp.Format("单击的是第%d行第%d列",
                                pNMListView->iItem, pNMListView->iSubItem);
                AfxMessageBox(strtemp);
           }
          */
           *pResult = 0;
      }

 


 

14. 判断是否点击在listctrl的checkbox上

      添加listctrl控件的NM_CLICK消息相应函数
      void CTest6Dlg::OnClickList1(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult)
      {
           DWORD dwPos = GetMessagePos();
           CPoint point( LOWORD(dwPos), HIWORD(dwPos) );
  
           m_list.ScreenToClient(&point);
  
           LVHITTESTINFO lvinfo;
  nbsp;        lvinfo.pt = point;
           lvinfo.flags = LVHT_ABOVE;
    
           UINT nFlag;
           int nItem = m_list.HitTest(point, &nFlag);
           //判断是否点在checkbox上
           if(nFlag == LVHT_ONITEMSTATEICON)
           {
                AfxMessageBox("点在listctrl的checkbox上");
           }
           *pResult = 0;
      }



 

15. 右键点击listctrl的item弹出菜单

      添加listctrl控件的NM_RCLICK消息相应函数
      void CTest6Dlg::OnRclickList1(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult)
      {
           NM_LISTVIEW* pNMListView = (NM_LISTVIEW*)pNMHDR;
           if(pNMListView->iItem != -1)
           {
                DWORD dwPos = GetMessagePos();
                CPoint point( LOWORD(dwPos), HIWORD(dwPos) );
   
                CMenu menu;
                VERIFY( menu.LoadMenu( IDR_MENU1 ) );
                CMenu* popup = menu.GetSubMenu(0);
                ASSERT( popup != NULL );
                popup->TrackPopupMenu(TPM_LEFTALIGN | TPM_RIGHTBUTTON, point.x, point.y, this );
           }
           *pResult = 0;
  }


 


 

16. item切换焦点时(包括用键盘和鼠标切换item时),状态的一些变化顺序

      添加listctrl控件的LVN_ITEMCHANGED消息相应函数
      void CTest6Dlg::OnItemchangedList1(NMHDR* pNMHDR, LRESULT* pResult)
      {
           NM_LISTVIEW* pNMListView = (NM_LISTVIEW*)pNMHDR;
           // TODO: Add your control notification handler code here
   
           CString sTemp;
 
           if((pNMListView->uOldState & LVIS_FOCUSED) == LVIS_FOCUSED &&
            (pNMListView->uNewState & LVIS_FOCUSED) == 0)
           {
                sTemp.Format("%d losted focus",pNMListView->iItem);
           }
           else if((pNMListView->uOldState & LVIS_FOCUSED) == 0 &&
               (pNMListView->uNewState & LVIS_FOCUSED) == LVIS_FOCUSED)
           {
                sTemp.Format("%d got focus",pNMListView->iItem);
           }
 
           if((pNMListView->uOldState & LVIS_SELECTED) == LVIS_SELECTED &&
            (pNMListView->uNewState & LVIS_SELECTED) == 0)
           {
                sTemp.Format("%d losted selected",pNMListView->iItem);
           }
           else if((pNMListView->uOldState & LVIS_SELECTED) == 0 &&
            (pNMListView->uNewState & LVIS_SELECTED) == LVIS_SELECTED)
           {
                sTemp.Format("%d got selected",pNMListView->iItem);
           }
   
           *pResult = 0;
      }



 


 

17. 得到另一个进程里的listctrl控件的item内容

http://www.codeproject.com/threads/int64_memsteal.asp



 

18. 选中listview中的item

Q131284: How To Select a Listview Item Programmatically
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/131284/en-us



 

19. 如何在CListView中使用CListCtrl的派生类

http://www.codeguru.com/cpp/controls/listview/introduction/article.php/c919/



 

20. listctrl的subitem添加图标

      m_list.SetExtendedStyle(LVS_EX_SUBITEMIMAGES);
      m_list.SetItem(..); //具体参数请参考msdn

 


 

21. 在CListCtrl显示文件,并根据文件类型来显示图标

      网上找到的代码,share
      BOOL CTest6Dlg::OnInitDialog()
      {
           CDialog::OnInitDialog();
  
           HIMAGELIST himlSmall;
           HIMAGELIST himlLarge;
           SHFILEINFO sfi;
           char  cSysDir[MAX_PATH];
           String  strBuf;
 
           memset(cSysDir, 0, MAX_PATH);
  
           GetWindowsDirectory(cSysDir, MAX_PATH);
           strBuf = cSysDir;
           sprintf(cSysDir, "%s", strBuf.Left(strBuf.Find("\\")+1));
 
           himlSmall = (HIMAGELIST)SHGetFileInfo ((LPCSTR)cSysDir, 
                      0, 
                      &sfi,
                      sizeof(SHFILEINFO), 
                      SHGFI_SYSICONINDEX | SHGFI_SMALLICON );
  
           himlLarge = (HIMAGELIST)SHGetFileInfo((LPCSTR)cSysDir, 
                      0, 
                      &sfi, 
                      sizeof(SHFILEINFO), 
                      SHGFI_SYSICONINDEX | SHGFI_LARGEICON);
  
           if (himlSmall && himlLarge)
           {
                ::SendMessage(m_list.m_hWnd, LVM_SETIMAGELIST,
                             (WPARAM)LVSIL_SMALL, (LPARAM)himlSmall);
                ::SendMessage(m_list.m_hWnd, LVM_SETIMAGELIST,
                             (WPARAM)LVSIL_NORMAL, (LPARAM)himlLarge);
           }
           return TRUE;  // return TRUE  unless you set the focus to a control
      }
 
      void CTest6Dlg::AddFiles(LPCTSTR lpszFileName, BOOL bAddToDocument)
      {
           int nIcon = GetIconIndex(lpszFileName, FALSE, FALSE);
           CString strSize;
           CFileFind filefind;
 
           //  get file size
           if (filefind.FindFile(lpszFileName))
           {
                filefind.FindNextFile();
                strSize.Format("%d", filefind.GetLength());
           }
           else
                strSize = "0";
  
           // split path and filename
           CString strFileName = lpszFileName;
           CString strPath;
 
           int nPos = strFileName.ReverseFind('\\');
           if (nPos != -1)
           {
                strPath = strFileName.Left(nPos);
                strFileName = strFileName.Mid(nPos + 1);
           }
  
           // insert to list
           int nItem = m_list.GetItemCount();
           m_list.InsertItem(nItem, strFileName, nIcon);
           m_list.SetItemText(nItem, 1, strSize);
           m_list.SetItemText(nItem, 2, strFileName.Right(3));
           m_list.SetItemText(nItem, 3, strPath);
      }
 
      int CTest6Dlg::GetIconIndex(LPCTSTR lpszPath, BOOL bIsDir, BOOL bSelected)
      {
           SHFILEINFO sfi;
           memset(&sfi, 0, sizeof(sfi));
  
           if (bIsDir)
           {
            SHGetFileInfo(lpszPath, 
                         FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY, 
                         &sfi, 
                         sizeof(sfi), 
                         SHGFI_SMALLICON | SHGFI_SYSICONINDEX |
                         SHGFI_USEFILEATTRIBUTES |(bSelected ? SHGFI_OPENICON : 0)); 
            return  sfi.iIcon;
           }
           else
           {
            SHGetFileInfo (lpszPath, 
                         FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, 
                         &sfi, 
                         sizeof(sfi), 
                         SHGFI_SMALLICON | SHGFI_SYSICONINDEX | 
                         SHGFI_USEFILEATTRIBUTES | (bSelected ? SHGFI_OPENICON : 0));
            return   sfi.iIcon;
           }
           return  -1;
      }



 

22. listctrl内容进行大数据量更新时,避免闪烁

      m_list.SetRedraw(FALSE);
      //更新内容
      m_list.SetRedraw(TRUE);
      m_list.Invalidate();
      m_list.UpdateWindow();
 
或者参考

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/vclib/html/_mfc_cwnd.3a3a.setredraw.asp



 

23. listctrl排序

Q250614:How To Sort Items in a CListCtrl in Report View
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/250614/en-us



 

24. 在listctrl中选中某个item时动态改变其icon或bitmap

Q141834: How to change the icon or the bitmap of a CListCtrl item in Visual C++
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/141834/en-us



 

25. 在添加item后,再InsertColumn()后导致整列数据移动的问题

Q151897: CListCtrl::InsertColumn() Causes Column Data to Shift
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/151897/en-us



 

26. 关于listctrl第一列始终居左的问题

解决办法:把第一列当一个虚列,从第二列开始插入列及数据,最后删除第一列。
     
具体解释参阅   http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/shellcc/platform/commctls/listview/structures/lvcolumn.asp

 


 

27. 锁定column header的拖动

http://msdn.microsoft.com/msdnmag/issues/03/06/CQA/



 

28. 如何隐藏clistctrl的列

    把需隐藏的列的宽度设为0,然后检测当该列为隐藏列时,用上面第27点的锁定column 的拖动来实现


 

29. listctrl进行大数据量操作时,使用virtual list   

http://www.microsoft.com/msj/archive/S2061.aspx
http://www.codeguru.com/cpp/controls/listview/advanced/article.php/c4151/
http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/virtuallist.asp



 

30. 关于item只能显示259个字符的问题

解决办法:需要在item上放一个edit。



 

31. 响应在listctrl的column header上的鼠标右键单击

Q125694: How To Find Out Which Listview Column Was Right-Clicked
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/125694/en-us



 

32. 类似于windows资源管理器的listview

Q234310: How to implement a ListView control that is similar to Windows Explorer by using DirLV.exe
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/234310/en-us

 


 

33. 在ListCtrl中OnTimer只响应两次的问题

Q200054:
PRB: OnTimer() Is Not Called Repeatedly for a List Control
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/200054/en-us


 

34. 以下为一些为实现各种自定义功能的listctrl派生类

          (1)    拖放       
                   http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/dragtest.asp

                   在CListCtrl和CTreeCtrl间拖放
                   http://support.microsoft.com/kb/148738/en-us
 
          (2)    多功能listctrl
                   支持subitem可编辑,图标,radiobutton,checkbox,字符串改变颜色的类
                   http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/quicklist.asp
 
                   支持排序,subitem可编辑,subitem图标,subitem改变颜色的类
                   http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/ReportControl.asp

          (3)    subitem中显示超链接
                   http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/CListCtrlLink.asp

          (4)    subitem的tooltip提示
                   http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/ctooltiplistctrl.asp

          (5)    subitem中显示进度条   
                   http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/ProgressListControl.asp
                   http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/napster.asp
                   http://www.codeguru.com/Cpp/controls/listview/article.php/c4187/

          (6)    动态改变subitem的颜色和背景色
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/highlightlistctrl.asp
                    http://www.codeguru.com/Cpp/controls/listbox/colorlistboxes/article.php/c4757/
 
          (7)    类vb属性对话框
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/propertylistctrl.asp
                    http://www.codeguru.com/Cpp/controls/listview/propertylists/article.php/c995/
                    http://www.codeguru.com/Cpp/controls/listview/propertylists/article.php/c1041/
 
          (8)    选中subitem(只高亮选中的item)
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/SubItemSel.asp
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/ListSubItSel.asp
 
          (9)    改变行高
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/changerowheight.asp
 
          (10)   改变行颜色
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/coloredlistctrl.asp
 
          (11)   可编辑subitem的listctrl
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/nirs2000.asp
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/editing_subitems_in_listcontrol.asp
 
          (12)   subitem可编辑,插入combobox,改变行颜色,subitem的tooltip提示
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/reusablelistcontrol.asp
 
          (13)   header 中允许多行字符串
                    http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/headerctrlex.asp
 
          (14)   插入combobox
                    http://www.codeguru.com/Cpp/controls/listview/editingitemsandsubitem/article.php/c979/
 
          (15)   添加背景图片
                    http://www.codeguru.com/Cpp/controls/listview/backgroundcolorandimage/article.php/c4173/
                    http://www.codeguru.com/Cpp/controls/listview/backgroundcolorandimage/article.php/c983/
                    http://www.vchelp.net/vchelp/archive.asp?type_id=9&class_id=1&cata_id=1&article_id=1088&search_term=
   
          (16)  自适应宽度的listctrl
                    http://www.codeproject.com/useritems/AutosizeListCtrl.asp

          (17)  改变ListCtrl高亮时的颜色(默认为蓝色)
                   处理 NM_CUSTOMDRAW
          
http://www.codeproject.com/listctrl/lvcustomdraw.asp

     (18)  改变header颜色
          http://www.pocketpcdn.com/articles/hdr_color.html

在WTL中CListCtrl 被CListViewCtrl所替代,首先用CListViewCtrl m_ListView和控件相关联
m_ListView = GetDlgItem(IDC_LIST1);

初始化控件:

  m_ListView.InsertColumn(0,L"date",LVCFMT_LEFT,50);//插入列1,50是宽度
  m_ListView.InsertColumn(1,L"num",LVCFMT_LEFT,50);//插入列2
  m_ListView.InsertItem(0,L"");
  m_ListView.SetItemText(0,0,L"001");
  m_ListView.SetItemText(0,1,L"1234");
  m_ListView.InsertItem(1,L"");
  m_ListView.SetItemText(1,0,L"002");
  m_ListView.SetItemText(1,1,L"123");

也可以用API向控件中写数据
LV_ITEM lvitem;   //LVITEM结构体

  lvitem.mask=LVIF_TEXT; //指出对成员中的哪些数据进行设置
  lvitem.pszText=L"vv"; //将文本设为vv
  lvitem.iItem=0;   //索引值为0
  lvitem.iSubItem=0;  //没有子项

  m_ListView.InsertItem(&lvitem);

其控件的消息用法和MFC中的完全一样。

 

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