leetcode Basic Calculator

原创 2016年08月30日 12:18:15

Implement a basic calculator to evaluate a simple expression string.

The expression string may contain open ( and closing parentheses ), the plus + or minus sign -non-negative integers and empty spaces .

You may assume that the given expression is always valid.

Some examples:

"1 + 1" = 2
" 2-1 + 2 " = 3
"(1+(4+5+2)-3)+(6+8)" = 23

Note: Do not use the eval built-in library function.

计算器问题,两个栈分别存储操作数和操作符,操作符存储+ -和(,当遇到)向前回溯计算直至第一个(,代表计算完毕一个括号,当栈顶元素为+或-时代表需要进行计算,代码:

public int calculate(String s) {
    int i=0;
    Stack<Character> op=new Stack<>();
    Stack<Integer> num=new Stack<>();
    while(i<s.length()){
        while(s.charAt(i)==' '){
            i++;
        }
        if(s.charAt(i)=='+'||s.charAt(i)=='-'||s.charAt(i)=='('){
            op.push(s.charAt(i));
            i++;
        }
        else if(s.charAt(i)==')'){
            while(op.peek()!='('){
                char temp=op.pop();
                int num1=num.pop();
                int num2=num.pop();
                if(temp=='+'){
                    num.push(num1+num2);
                }
                else if(temp=='-') num.push(num2-num1);
            }
            op.pop();
            while(!op.isEmpty()&&op.peek()!='('){
                char temp=op.pop();
                int num1=num.pop();
                int num2=num.pop();
                if(temp=='+'){
                    num.push(num1+num2);
                }
                else if(temp=='-') num.push(num2-num1);
            }
            i++;
        }
        else{
            int k=0;
            while(i<s.length()&&s.charAt(i)>='0'&&s.charAt(i)<='9'){
                k=k*10+(s.charAt(i)-'0');
                i++;
            }
            if(!op.isEmpty()&&op.peek()=='+'){
                op.pop();
                int temp=num.pop();
                num.push(temp+k);
            }
            else if(!op.isEmpty()&&op.peek()=='-'){
                op.pop();
                num.push(num.pop()-k);
            }
            else num.push(k);
        }
    }
    return num.peek();
}

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