leetcode Basic Calculator II

原创 2016年08月30日 17:10:09

Implement a basic calculator to evaluate a simple expression string.

The expression string contains only non-negative integers, +, -, *, / operators and empty spaces . The integer division should truncate toward zero.

You may assume that the given expression is always valid.

Some examples:

"3+2*2" = 7
" 3/2 " = 1
" 3+5 / 2 " = 5

Note: Do not use the eval built-in library function.

Credits:
Special thanks to @ts for adding this problem and creating all test cases.


没有了括号,只需要考虑乘除的高优先级问题,discuss中有一个比较清楚的方法:建立一个栈,当运算符为乘除时,将栈顶元素乘除当前数,当运算符为加减时,直接将该数压入栈顶,最后将栈内的数累加即为所求:
public int calculate(String s) {
    int i=0;
    Stack<Integer> stack=new Stack<>();
    char sign='+';
    while(i<s.length()){
        while(i<s.length()&&s.charAt(i)==' '){
            i++;
        }
        if(i==s.length()) break;
        if(s.charAt(i)=='+'||s.charAt(i)=='-'||s.charAt(i)=='*'||s.charAt(i)=='/') {
            sign=s.charAt(i);
            i++;
        }
        else{
            int k=0;
            while(i<s.length()&&s.charAt(i)>='0'&&s.charAt(i)<='9'){
                k=k*10+(s.charAt(i)-'0');
                i++;
            }
            if(sign=='+') stack.push(k);
            else if(sign=='-') stack.push(-k);
            else if(sign=='*') stack.push(stack.pop()*k);
            else if(sign=='/') stack.push(stack.pop()/k);
        }
    }
    int res=0;
    for(int num:stack){
        res+=num;
    }
    return res;
}
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