hdu 2448 Mining Station on the Sea【费用流】本代码思路仅供参考

原创 2016年08月28日 14:53:15

Mining Station on the Sea

Time Limit: 5000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 32768/32768 K (Java/Others)
Total Submission(s): 3066    Accepted Submission(s): 923


Problem Description
The ocean is a treasure house of resources and the development of human society comes to depend more and more on it. In order to develop and utilize marine resources, it is necessary to build mining stations on the sea. However, due to seabed mineral resources, the radio signal in the sea is often so weak that not all the mining stations can carry out direct communication. However communication is indispensable, every two mining stations must be able to communicate with each other (either directly or through other one or more mining stations). To meet the need of transporting the exploited resources up to the land to get put into use, there build n ports correspondently along the coast and every port can communicate with one or more mining stations directly.

Due to the fact that some mining stations can not communicate with each other directly, for the safety of the navigation for ships, ships are only allowed to sail between mining stations which can communicate with each other directly. 

The mining is arduous and people do this job need proper rest (that is, to allow the ship to return to the port). But what a coincidence! This time, n vessels for mining take their turns to take a rest at the same time. They are scattered in different stations and now they have to go back to the port, in addition, a port can only accommodate one vessel. Now all the vessels will start to return, how to choose their navigation routes to make the total sum of their sailing routes minimal. 

Notice that once the ship entered the port, it will not come out!
 

Input
There are several test cases. Every test case begins with four integers in one line, n (1 = <n <= 100), m (n <= m <= 200), k and p. n indicates n vessels and n ports, m indicates m mining stations, k indicates k edges, each edge corresponding to the link between a mining station and another one, p indicates p edges, each edge indicating the link between a port and a mining station. The following line is n integers, each one indicating one station that one vessel belongs to. Then there follows k lines, each line including 3 integers a, b and c, indicating the fact that there exists direct communication between mining stations a and b and the distance between them is c. Finally, there follows another p lines, each line including 3 integers d, e and f, indicating the fact that there exists direct communication between port d and mining station e and the distance between them is f. In addition, mining stations are represented by numbers from 1 to m, and ports 1 to n. Input is terminated by end of file.

 

Output
Each test case outputs the minimal total sum of their sailing routes.
 

Sample Input
3 5 5 6 1 2 4 1 3 3 1 4 4 1 5 5 2 5 3 2 4 3 1 1 5 1 5 3 2 5 3 2 4 6 3 1 4 3 2 2
 

Sample Output
13
 

Source
 

题目大意:有n条船,n个港口,m个点,k条无向边,p条有向边,

其中第一行输入为n条船停靠在的点,现在这些船需要回到港口,而且每个港口只能挺一条船。

k条无向边,表示两个点之间的距离,

p条有向边,表示港口到某个点的距离。

每个船都需要回到港口,问最小距离花费。


思路:


1、事实证明,现在的hdu应该是比以前的hdu跑的慢了,我的代码TLE之后,在网上找到了好几个和我思路一模一样的代码,提交上去也是TLE。


2、这个思路就留下来对应学习参考一下,以后学了KM再过来补上这个Ac。

建图如下:

①建立源点S,将其连入各个船所在的点,权值设定为1,费用设定为0,表示只有一个船.

②建立汇点T,将各个港口连入汇点T,权值设定为1,费用设定为0,表示只能停一个船.

③将m条无向边直接建立起来,权值设定为其距离,费用设定为INF。表示可以走无数次。

④将p条有向边直接建立起来,将点连入港口,权值设定为其距离,费用设定为1。


Tle代码:


#include<stdio.h>
#include<queue>
#include<string.h>
#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
#define INF 0x3f3f3f3f
struct node
{
    int from;
    int to;
    int w;
    int f;
    int next;
    int num;
}e[1515151];
int head[20000];
int dis[20000];
int pre[20000];
int path[20000];
int vis[20000];
int n,m,kk,pp,cont,ss,tt;
void add(int from,int to,int w,int f)
{
    e[cont].w=w;
    e[cont].f=f;
    e[cont].to=to;
    e[cont].num=cont;
    e[cont].next=head[from];
    head[from]=cont++;
}
int SPFA()
{
    for(int i=0;i<=tt;i++)dis[i]=0x3f3f3f3f;
    memset(vis,0,sizeof(vis));
    queue<int >s;
    s.push(ss);
    vis[ss]=1;
    dis[ss]=0;
    while(!s.empty())
    {
        int u=s.front();
        s.pop();
        vis[u]=0;
        for(int i=head[u];i!=-1;i=e[i].next)
        {
            int v=e[i].to;
            int f=e[i].f;
            int w=e[i].w;
            if(f&&dis[v]>dis[u]+w)
            {
                dis[v]=dis[u]+w;
                pre[v]=u;
                path[v]=e[i].num;
                if(vis[v]==0)
                {
                    s.push(v);
                    vis[v]=1;
                }
            }
        }
    }
    if(dis[tt]!=0x3f3f3f3f)return 1;
    else return 0;
}
void Mincost_Maxflow()
{
    int ans=0;
    int maxflow=0;
    while(SPFA()==1)
    {
        int minn=0x3f3f3f3f;
        for(int i=tt;i!=ss;i=pre[i])
        {
            minn=min(minn,e[path[i]].f);
        }
        for(int i=tt;i!=ss;i=pre[i])
        {
            e[path[i]].f-=minn;
            e[path[i]^1].f+=minn;
        }
        ans+=dis[tt]*minn;
        maxflow+=minn;
    }
    printf("%d\n",ans);
}
int main()
{
    while(~scanf("%d%d%d%d",&n,&m,&kk,&pp))
    {
        ss=n+m+1;
        tt=ss+1;
        cont=0;
        memset(head,-1,sizeof(head));
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        {
            int pos;
            scanf("%d",&pos);
            add(ss,pos,0,1);
            add(pos,ss,0,0);
        }
        for(int i=0;i<kk;i++)
        {
            int x,y,w;
            scanf("%d%d%d",&x,&y,&w);
            add(x,y,w,INF);
            add(y,x,-w,0);
            add(y,x,w,INF);
            add(x,y,-w,0);
        }
        for(int i=0;i<pp;i++)
        {
            int x,y,w;
            scanf("%d%d%d",&x,&y,&w);
            add(y,x+m,w,1);
            add(x+m,y,-w,0);
        }
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
        {
            add(i+m,tt,0,1);
            add(tt,i+m,0,0);
        }
        Mincost_Maxflow();
    }
}






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