# leetcode_c++:图：Clone Graph(133)

Clone an undirected graph. Each node in the graph contains a label and a list of its neighbors.

OJ’s undirected graph serialization:
Nodes are labeled uniquely.

We use # as a separator for each node, and , as a separator for node label and each neighbor of the node.
As an example, consider the serialized graph {0,1,2#1,2#2,2}.

The graph has a total of three nodes, and therefore contains three parts as separated by #.

First node is labeled as 0. Connect node 0 to both nodes 1 and 2.
Second node is labeled as 1. Connect node 1 to node 2.
Third node is labeled as 2. Connect node 2 to node 2 (itself), thus forming a self-cycle.
Visually, the graph looks like the following:

       1
/ \
/   \
0 --- 2
/ \
\_/


### 算法

DFS


#include<iostream>
#include<vector>
#include<algorithm>
#include<unordered_map>

using namespace std;

// 无向图
struct UndirectedGraphNode{
int label;
vector<UndirectedGraphNode* > neighbors;
UndirectedGraphNode(int x):label(x) {};
};

typedef unordered_map<int, UndirectedGraphNode*> immap;

class Solution {
private:
immap gmap;

UndirectedGraphNode* dfs(UndirectedGraphNode* node){
UndirectedGraphNode* newnode;
if(gmap.find(node->label)==gmap.end()){
newnode=new UndirectedGraphNode(node->label);
gmap.insert(immap::value_type(node->label,newnode));
for(auto &i:node->neighbors)
newnode->neighbors.push_back(dfs(i));
}else{
newnode=gmap[node->label];
}

return newnode;
}

public:
UndirectedGraphNode *cloneGraph(UndirectedGraphNode *node) {

if(!node)
return NULL;
gmap.clear();
UndirectedGraphNode* ret=dfs(node);
return ret;
}
};

int main(){
Solution s;
UndirectedGraphNode* a=new UndirectedGraphNode(0),*b;
b=s.cloneGraph(a);
return 0;
}

class Solution {
public:
UndirectedGraphNode *cloneGraph(UndirectedGraphNode *node) {
if (node == NULL) return NULL;

//create a map, key is source node, value is clone node.
map<UndirectedGraphNode*, UndirectedGraphNode*> cloneMap;

//using queue for breadth first search
queue<UndirectedGraphNode*> q;
q.push(node);

//clone the root
UndirectedGraphNode* cloneNode = new UndirectedGraphNode(node->label);
cloneMap[node] = cloneNode;

while(!q.empty()){
UndirectedGraphNode* n = q.front();
q.pop();
//for each neighbors
for(int i=0; i<n->neighbors.size(); i++){
UndirectedGraphNode* neighbor= n->neighbors[i];
//not existed in cloneMap
if (cloneMap.find(neighbor)==cloneMap.end()){
//clone a node
UndirectedGraphNode* newNode = new UndirectedGraphNode(neighbor->label);
cloneMap[n]->neighbors.push_back(newNode);
cloneMap[neighbor] = newNode;

//put the neighbors into the queue
q.push(neighbor);
}else{
cloneMap[n]->neighbors.push_back(cloneMap[neighbor]);
}
}
}

return cloneNode;
}
};

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