关闭

【LeetCode】207. Course Schedule

标签: leetcode
441人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:

题目

There are a total of n courses you have to take, labeled from 0 to n - 1.

Some courses may have prerequisites, for example to take course 0 you have to first take course 1, which is expressed as a pair: [0,1]

Given the total number of courses and a list of prerequisite pairs, is it possible for you to finish all courses?

For example:

2, [[1,0]]
There are a total of 2 courses to take. To take course 1 you should have finished course 0. So it is possible.

2, [[1,0],[0,1]]
There are a total of 2 courses to take. To take course 1 you should have finished course 0, and to take course 0 you should also have finished course 1. So it is impossible.

Note:
The input prerequisites is a graph represented by a list of edges, not adjacency matrices. Read more about how a graph is represented.

click to show more hints.

Subscribe to see which companies asked this question


思路

简单分析一下就知道,这就是在一个图中找有没有环,且所有点都能访问到。这个题目就是拓扑排序的典型应用。

思路很简单,维护一个队列,存放可以访问到的节点。再用一个map,key为被依赖的节点,val为依赖key节点的所有节点的list。当key节点被加入到可访问到队列时,遍历所有val节点,看这些节点因为key节点的可访问是否满足了访问条件,也就是它们还有没有别的依赖。

所以为表示方便,我定义了一个入度(inDegree),入度为0的节点就是可以被加入到可访问队列中的节点,因为它们不需要任何前提节点就可以访问,有点类似与大学中的大一上学期学的英语和高数,它们是所有其他课程的先修课程,它们之前不需要修任何课程。

然后遍历依赖高数、英语课程的节点,看他们是否因为这两门先修课程的可到达从而变得可到达,判断依据仍然为入度。当先修课程可到达时,依赖它们的课程的入度-1,当入度为0时,就是它们的先修课程已经全部修完,那么它们就变成可到达了,就把它们加入队列。直到队列为空,判断是否全部可到达即可。


代码

bool canFinish(int numCourses, vector<pair<int, int>>& prerequisites) {
        vector<vector<int>> pre(numCourses);
        int N = prerequisites.size();
        vector<int> inDegree(numCourses,0);
        for (int i=0;i<N;++i){
            auto p = prerequisites[i];
            inDegree[p.first]++;
            pre[p.second].push_back(p.first);
        }

        queue<int> que;
        for (int i=0;i<numCourses;++i){
            if (inDegree[i]==0) que.push(i);
        }

        int count=0;
        while(!que.empty()){
            int acc=que.front();
            que.pop();
            ++count;
            for (auto st:pre[acc]){
                if (inDegree[st]==1){
                    que.push(st);
                }
                inDegree[st]--;
            }
        }
        return count==numCourses;
    }
0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:398341次
    • 积分:5027
    • 等级:
    • 排名:第5811名
    • 原创:162篇
    • 转载:18篇
    • 译文:0篇
    • 评论:72条
    博客专栏
    文章分类
    最新评论