POJ 3186 Treats for the Cows (区间DP)

原创 2016年08月30日 16:40:01

Treats for the Cows
Time Limit: 1000MS Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 5191 Accepted: 2712
Description

FJ has purchased N (1 <= N <= 2000) yummy treats for the cows who get money for giving vast amounts of milk. FJ sells one treat per day and wants to maximize the money he receives over a given period time.

The treats are interesting for many reasons:
The treats are numbered 1..N and stored sequentially in single file in a long box that is open at both ends. On any day, FJ can retrieve one treat from either end of his stash of treats.
Like fine wines and delicious cheeses, the treats improve with age and command greater prices.
The treats are not uniform: some are better and have higher intrinsic value. Treat i has value v(i) (1 <= v(i) <= 1000).
Cows pay more for treats that have aged longer: a cow will pay v(i)*a for a treat of age a.
Given the values v(i) of each of the treats lined up in order of the index i in their box, what is the greatest value FJ can receive for them if he orders their sale optimally?

The first treat is sold on day 1 and has age a=1. Each subsequent day increases the age by 1.
Input

Line 1: A single integer, N

Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains the value of treat v(i)
Output

Line 1: The maximum revenue FJ can achieve by selling the treats
Sample Input

5
1
3
1
5
2
Sample Output

43
Hint

Explanation of the sample:

Five treats. On the first day FJ can sell either treat #1 (value 1) or treat #5 (value 2).

FJ sells the treats (values 1, 3, 1, 5, 2) in the following order of indices: 1, 5, 2, 3, 4, making 1x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 + 4x1 + 5x5 = 43.
Source

USACO 2006 February Gold & Silver

由小区间推出大区间。不能采用固定区间结尾的方法。要采用区间长度递增的方法

一个大区间可以分为ai,[i+1,j]或者[i,j-1],aj那么ai或者aj出队的时候他的次序为n-( j – i )

#include "cstring"
#include "cstdio"
#include "iostream"
#include "string.h"
#include "algorithm"
using namespace std;
int v[2005];
int dp[2005][2005];
int main()
{
    int n;
    while(~scanf("%d",&n))
    {
        for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
            scanf("%d",&v[i]);
        memset(dp,0,sizeof(dp));
        for(int len=1;len<=n;len++)
        {
            for(int i=1;i+len-1<=n;i++)
            {
                int cnt=n-len+1;
                dp[i][i+len-1]=max(dp[i][i+len-2]+v[i+len-1]*cnt,dp[i+1][i+len-1]+v[i]*cnt);
            }
        }
        printf("%d\n",dp[1][n]);
    }
}
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