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androd之绘制文本(FontMetrics)

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Canvas 作为绘制文本时,使用FontMetrics对象,计算位置的坐标。

它的思路和java.awt.FontMetrics的基本相同。

 

FontMetrics对象

它以四个基本坐标为基准,分别为:

・FontMetrics.top
・FontMetrics.ascent
・FontMetrics.descent
・FontMetrics.bottom

 

该图片将如下

 

 

测试代码:

Paint textPaint = new Paint( Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
textPaint.setTextSize( 35);
textPaint.setColor( Color.WHITE);

// FontMetrics对象
FontMetrics fontMetrics = textPaint.getFontMetrics();

String text = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstu";

// 计算每一个坐标
float baseX = 0;
float baseY = 100;
float topY = baseY + fontMetrics.top;
float ascentY = baseY + fontMetrics.ascent;
float descentY = baseY + fontMetrics.descent;
float bottomY = baseY + fontMetrics.bottom;

// 绘制文本
canvas.drawText( text, baseX, baseY, textPaint);

// BaseLine描画
Paint baseLinePaint = new Paint( Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);>
baseLinePaint.setColor( Color.RED);
canvas.drawLine(0, baseY, getWidth(), baseY, baseLinePaint);

// Base描画
canvas.drawCircle( baseX, baseY, 5, baseLinePaint);

// TopLine描画
Paint topLinePaint = new Paint( Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
topLinePaint.setColor( Color.LTGRAY);
canvas.drawLine(0, topY, getWidth(), topY, topLinePaint);

// AscentLine描画
Paint ascentLinePaint = new Paint( Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
ascentLinePaint.setColor( Color.GREEN);
canvas.drawLine(0, ascentY, getWidth(), ascentY, ascentLinePaint);

// DescentLine描画
Paint descentLinePaint = new Paint( Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
descentLinePaint.setColor( Color.YELLOW);
canvas.drawLine(0, descentY, getWidth(), descentY, descentLinePaint);

// ButtomLine描画
Paint bottomLinePaint = new Paint( Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
bottomLinePaint.setColor( Color.MAGENTA);
canvas.drawLine(0, bottomY, getWidth(), bottomY, bottomLinePaint);

 

转自:http://fonter.javaeye.com/blog/474526

 

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