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【源代码】java.util.ArrayList

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与LinkedList类似,ArrayList是另一个线性表容器。不过其内部基于数组的扩容实现。本文罗列其源代码并分析其原理。


ArrayList类型声明

public class ArrayList<E> extends AbstractList<E>
实现接口声明:

implements List<E>, RandomAccess, Cloneable, Serializable

成员变量:

private static final long serialVersionUID = 8683452581122892189L;
private static final int DEFAULT_CAPACITY = 10;
private int size;
private transient E[] data;
其中定义序列化ID,默认存储长度DEFAULT_CAPACITY为10,当前长度size,最后一个是存储的基础:一个泛型数组data。

构造函数有三个,分别为:
1.无参构造,默认用Default_capacity去初始化数组。
 125:   public ArrayList()
 126:   {
 127:     this(DEFAULT_CAPACITY);
 128:   }
2.以制定长度为参,初始化数组data的长度。
 114:   public ArrayList(int capacity)
 115:   {
 116:     // Must explicitly check, to get correct exception.
 117:     if (capacity < 0)
 118:       throw new IllegalArgumentException();
 119:     data = (E[]) new Object[capacity];
 120:   }
3.以容器类为参:
 138:   public ArrayList(Collection<? extends E> c)
 139:   {
 140:     this((int) (c.size() * 1.1f));
 141:     addAll(c);
 142:   }

接下来定义了几个灵活控制数组data长度的方法:
1.压缩当前数组到制定长度:
 148:   public void trimToSize()
 149:   {
 150:     // Not a structural change from the perspective of iterators on this list,
 151:     // so don't update modCount.
 152:     if (size != data.length)
 153:       {
 154:         E[] newData = (E[]) new Object[size];
 155:         System.arraycopy(data, 0, newData, 0, size);
 156:         data = newData;
 157:       }
 158:   }
其中使用了System.arraycopy()方法。这里是数组复制方法的官方定义:
public static void arraycopy(Object src,
             int srcPos,
             Object dest,
             int destPos,
             int length)
该方法是将一个指定的数组,从一个特定的位置开始复制到一个目标数组中。
(参考:http://docs.oracle.com/javase/7/docs/api/java/lang/System.html
那么trimToSize()方法其实是发现当前元素个数size比data数组的长度小时,初始化一个新的长度为size的数组并作为目标数组将data复制到其中作为新的data数组。方法定义很巧妙使用了Object数组的类型强转,很有用的编程技巧。

那么如果size大于data.length了该如何办呢。ArrayList还定义了扩充数组长度的方法:
 170:   public void ensureCapacity(int minCapacity)
 171:   {
 172:     int current = data.length;
 173: 
 174:     if (minCapacity > current)
 175:       {
 176:         E[] newData = (E[]) new Object[Math.max(current * 2, minCapacity)];
 177:         System.arraycopy(data, 0, newData, 0, size);
 178:         data = newData;
 179:       }
 180:   }
注意,上述两个调整数组data大小的方法都是public,因此我们可以在需要的时候手动调用。当你发现存储的数据过多时,虽然ArrayList会自动扩充,但是它的操作非常的繁琐和低效,可能对于一些特性需求时,显得有些耗时(之后我会展示它自动扩充的操作)。那么我们完全可以手动操作数组的扩充来避免ArrayList的反复扩充和复制操作。

ArrayList实现了克隆接口,所以克隆操作定义如下:
 248:   public Object clone()
 249:   {
 250:     ArrayList<E> clone = null;
 251:     try
 252:       {
 253:         clone = (ArrayList<E>) super.clone();
 254:         clone.data = (E[]) data.clone();
 255:       }
 256:     catch (CloneNotSupportedException e)
 257:       {
 258:         // Impossible to get here.
 259:       }
 260:     return clone;
 261:   }
有的时候如果需要将ArrayList转换为数组,这里提供了两个成员方法:
 269:   public Object[] toArray()
 270:   {
 271:     E[] array = (E[]) new Object[size];
 272:     System.arraycopy(data, 0, array, 0, size);
 273:     return array;
 274:   }
 290:   public <T> T[] toArray(T[] a)
 291:   {
 292:     if (a.length < size)
 293:       a = (T[]) Array.newInstance(a.getClass().getComponentType(), size);
 294:     else if (a.length > size)
 295:       a[size] = null;
 296:     System.arraycopy(data, 0, a, 0, size);
 297:     return a;
 298:   }
对于移除元素操作,这里省略了基本的remove等操作,但是ArrayList里边有一个比较特殊的方法:
 450:   protected void removeRange(int fromIndex, int toIndex)
 451:   {
 452:     int change = toIndex - fromIndex;
 453:     if (change > 0)
 454:       {
 455:         modCount++;
 456:         System.arraycopy(data, toIndex, data, fromIndex, size - toIndex);
 457:         size -= change;
 458:       }
 459:     else if (change < 0)
 460:       throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException();
 461:   }
这是一个按范围移除元素的操作。其中同样适用了System.arraycopy()方法,同时附带有对输入索引合法性的检测。

另外移除操作中还有一个也很特殊的方法:
 504:   boolean removeAllInternal(Collection<?> c)
 505:   {
 506:     int i;
 507:     int j;
 508:     for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
 509:       if (c.contains(data[i]))
 510:         break;
 511:     if (i == size)
 512:       return false;
 513: 
 514:     modCount++;
 515:     for (j = i++; i < size; i++)
 516:       if (! c.contains(data[i]))
 517:         data[j++] = data[i];
 518:     size -= i - j;
 519:     return true;
 520:   }
这是根据输入容器来移除数组data中共同的元素。其中使用了contains()方法,其定义如下:
 208:   public boolean contains(Object e)
 209:   {
 210:     return indexOf(e) != -1;
 211:   }
 220:   public int indexOf(Object e)
 221:   {
 222:     for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
 223:       if (equals(e, data[i]))
 224:         return i;
 225:     return -1;
 226:   }
removeAllInternal()方法的编写值得学习,非常巧妙的将数组中的元素移除并且是一个线性时间的操作。

与此类似,还有一个是保留共有元素的操作:
 532:   boolean retainAllInternal(Collection<?> c)
 533:   {
 534:     int i;
 535:     int j;
 536:     for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
 537:       if (! c.contains(data[i]))
 538:         break;
 539:     if (i == size)
 540:       return false;
 541: 
 542:     modCount++;
 543:     for (j = i++; i < size; i++)
 544:       if (c.contains(data[i]))
 545:         data[j++] = data[i];
 546:     size -= i - j;
 547:     return true;
 548:   }
与LinkedList不同,因为ArrayList其本质是一个数组,所以无需定义迭代器,使用索引即可。一下提供完整源代码,可以查看到一些我并没有在文中提及的常见的方法。
欢迎交流指正。

源代码一览
源代码来源:http://developer.classpath.org/doc/java/util/ArrayList-source.html
   1: /* ArrayList.java -- JDK1.2's answer to Vector; this is an array-backed
   2:    implementation of the List interface
   3:    Copyright (C) 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2005  Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   4: 
   5: This file is part of GNU Classpath.
   6: 
   7: GNU Classpath is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   8: it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   9: the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
  10: any later version.
  11: 
  12: GNU Classpath is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
  13: WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
  14: MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
  15: General Public License for more details.
  16: 
  17: You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
  18: along with GNU Classpath; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
  19: Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
  20: 02110-1301 USA.
  21: 
  22: Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
  23: making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
  24: conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
  25: combination.
  26: 
  27: As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give you
  28: permission to link this library with independent modules to produce an
  29: executable, regardless of the license terms of these independent
  30: modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting executable under
  31: terms of your choice, provided that you also meet, for each linked
  32: independent module, the terms and conditions of the license of that
  33: module.  An independent module is a module which is not derived from
  34: or based on this library.  If you modify this library, you may extend
  35: this exception to your version of the library, but you are not
  36: obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to do so, delete this
  37: exception statement from your version. */
  38: 
  39: 
  40: package java.util;
  41: 
  42: import java.io.IOException;
  43: import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
  44: import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
  45: import java.io.Serializable;
  46: import java.lang.reflect.Array;
  47: 
  48: /**
  49:  * An array-backed implementation of the List interface.  This implements
  50:  * all optional list operations, and permits null elements, so that it is
  51:  * better than Vector, which it replaces. Random access is roughly constant
  52:  * time, and iteration is roughly linear time, so it is nice and fast, with
  53:  * less overhead than a LinkedList.
  54:  * <p>
  55:  *
  56:  * Each list has a capacity, and as the array reaches that capacity it
  57:  * is automatically transferred to a larger array. You also have access to
  58:  * ensureCapacity and trimToSize to control the backing array's size, avoiding
  59:  * reallocation or wasted memory.
  60:  * <p>
  61:  *
  62:  * ArrayList is not synchronized, so if you need multi-threaded access,
  63:  * consider using:<br>
  64:  * <code>List l = Collections.synchronizedList(new ArrayList(...));</code>
  65:  * <p>
  66:  *
  67:  * The iterators are <i>fail-fast</i>, meaning that any structural
  68:  * modification, except for <code>remove()</code> called on the iterator
  69:  * itself, cause the iterator to throw a
  70:  * {@link ConcurrentModificationException} rather than exhibit
  71:  * non-deterministic behavior.
  72:  *
  73:  * @author Jon A. Zeppieri
  74:  * @author Bryce McKinlay
  75:  * @author Eric Blake (ebb9@email.byu.edu)
  76:  * @see Collection
  77:  * @see List
  78:  * @see LinkedList
  79:  * @see Vector
  80:  * @see Collections#synchronizedList(List)
  81:  * @see AbstractList
  82:  * @status updated to 1.4
  83:  */
  84: public class ArrayList<E> extends AbstractList<E>
  85:   implements List<E>, RandomAccess, Cloneable, Serializable
  86: {
  87:   /**
  88:    * Compatible with JDK 1.2
  89:    */
  90:   private static final long serialVersionUID = 8683452581122892189L;
  91: 
  92:   /**
  93:    * The default capacity for new ArrayLists.
  94:    */
  95:   private static final int DEFAULT_CAPACITY = 10;
  96: 
  97:   /**
  98:    * The number of elements in this list.
  99:    * @serial the list size
 100:    */
 101:   private int size;
 102: 
 103:   /**
 104:    * Where the data is stored.
 105:    */
 106:   private transient E[] data;
 107: 
 108:   /**
 109:    * Construct a new ArrayList with the supplied initial capacity.
 110:    *
 111:    * @param capacity initial capacity of this ArrayList
 112:    * @throws IllegalArgumentException if capacity is negative
 113:    */
 114:   public ArrayList(int capacity)
 115:   {
 116:     // Must explicitly check, to get correct exception.
 117:     if (capacity < 0)
 118:       throw new IllegalArgumentException();
 119:     data = (E[]) new Object[capacity];
 120:   }
 121: 
 122:   /**
 123:    * Construct a new ArrayList with the default capacity (16).
 124:    */
 125:   public ArrayList()
 126:   {
 127:     this(DEFAULT_CAPACITY);
 128:   }
 129: 
 130:   /**
 131:    * Construct a new ArrayList, and initialize it with the elements
 132:    * in the supplied Collection. The initial capacity is 110% of the
 133:    * Collection's size.
 134:    *
 135:    * @param c the collection whose elements will initialize this list
 136:    * @throws NullPointerException if c is null
 137:    */
 138:   public ArrayList(Collection<? extends E> c)
 139:   {
 140:     this((int) (c.size() * 1.1f));
 141:     addAll(c);
 142:   }
 143: 
 144:   /**
 145:    * Trims the capacity of this List to be equal to its size;
 146:    * a memory saver.
 147:    */
 148:   public void trimToSize()
 149:   {
 150:     // Not a structural change from the perspective of iterators on this list,
 151:     // so don't update modCount.
 152:     if (size != data.length)
 153:       {
 154:         E[] newData = (E[]) new Object[size];
 155:         System.arraycopy(data, 0, newData, 0, size);
 156:         data = newData;
 157:       }
 158:   }
 159: 
 160:   /**
 161:    * Guarantees that this list will have at least enough capacity to
 162:    * hold minCapacity elements. This implementation will grow the list to
 163:    * max(current * 2, minCapacity) if (minCapacity > current). The JCL says
 164:    * explictly that "this method increases its capacity to minCap", while
 165:    * the JDK 1.3 online docs specify that the list will grow to at least the
 166:    * size specified.
 167:    *
 168:    * @param minCapacity the minimum guaranteed capacity
 169:    */
 170:   public void ensureCapacity(int minCapacity)
 171:   {
 172:     int current = data.length;
 173: 
 174:     if (minCapacity > current)
 175:       {
 176:         E[] newData = (E[]) new Object[Math.max(current * 2, minCapacity)];
 177:         System.arraycopy(data, 0, newData, 0, size);
 178:         data = newData;
 179:       }
 180:   }
 181: 
 182:   /**
 183:    * Returns the number of elements in this list.
 184:    *
 185:    * @return the list size
 186:    */
 187:   public int size()
 188:   {
 189:     return size;
 190:   }
 191: 
 192:   /**
 193:    * Checks if the list is empty.
 194:    *
 195:    * @return true if there are no elements
 196:    */
 197:   public boolean isEmpty()
 198:   {
 199:     return size == 0;
 200:   }
 201: 
 202:   /**
 203:    * Returns true iff element is in this ArrayList.
 204:    *
 205:    * @param e the element whose inclusion in the List is being tested
 206:    * @return true if the list contains e
 207:    */
 208:   public boolean contains(Object e)
 209:   {
 210:     return indexOf(e) != -1;
 211:   }
 212: 
 213:   /**
 214:    * Returns the lowest index at which element appears in this List, or
 215:    * -1 if it does not appear.
 216:    *
 217:    * @param e the element whose inclusion in the List is being tested
 218:    * @return the index where e was found
 219:    */
 220:   public int indexOf(Object e)
 221:   {
 222:     for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
 223:       if (equals(e, data[i]))
 224:         return i;
 225:     return -1;
 226:   }
 227: 
 228:   /**
 229:    * Returns the highest index at which element appears in this List, or
 230:    * -1 if it does not appear.
 231:    *
 232:    * @param e the element whose inclusion in the List is being tested
 233:    * @return the index where e was found
 234:    */
 235:   public int lastIndexOf(Object e)
 236:   {
 237:     for (int i = size - 1; i >= 0; i--)
 238:       if (equals(e, data[i]))
 239:         return i;
 240:     return -1;
 241:   }
 242: 
 243:   /**
 244:    * Creates a shallow copy of this ArrayList (elements are not cloned).
 245:    *
 246:    * @return the cloned object
 247:    */
 248:   public Object clone()
 249:   {
 250:     ArrayList<E> clone = null;
 251:     try
 252:       {
 253:         clone = (ArrayList<E>) super.clone();
 254:         clone.data = (E[]) data.clone();
 255:       }
 256:     catch (CloneNotSupportedException e)
 257:       {
 258:         // Impossible to get here.
 259:       }
 260:     return clone;
 261:   }
 262: 
 263:   /**
 264:    * Returns an Object array containing all of the elements in this ArrayList.
 265:    * The array is independent of this list.
 266:    *
 267:    * @return an array representation of this list
 268:    */
 269:   public Object[] toArray()
 270:   {
 271:     E[] array = (E[]) new Object[size];
 272:     System.arraycopy(data, 0, array, 0, size);
 273:     return array;
 274:   }
 275: 
 276:   /**
 277:    * Returns an Array whose component type is the runtime component type of
 278:    * the passed-in Array.  The returned Array is populated with all of the
 279:    * elements in this ArrayList.  If the passed-in Array is not large enough
 280:    * to store all of the elements in this List, a new Array will be created
 281:    * and returned; if the passed-in Array is <i>larger</i> than the size
 282:    * of this List, then size() index will be set to null.
 283:    *
 284:    * @param a the passed-in Array
 285:    * @return an array representation of this list
 286:    * @throws ArrayStoreException if the runtime type of a does not allow
 287:    *         an element in this list
 288:    * @throws NullPointerException if a is null
 289:    */
 290:   public <T> T[] toArray(T[] a)
 291:   {
 292:     if (a.length < size)
 293:       a = (T[]) Array.newInstance(a.getClass().getComponentType(), size);
 294:     else if (a.length > size)
 295:       a[size] = null;
 296:     System.arraycopy(data, 0, a, 0, size);
 297:     return a;
 298:   }
 299: 
 300:   /**
 301:    * Retrieves the element at the user-supplied index.
 302:    *
 303:    * @param index the index of the element we are fetching
 304:    * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if index < 0 || index >= size()
 305:    */
 306:   public E get(int index)
 307:   {
 308:     checkBoundExclusive(index);
 309:     return data[index];
 310:   }
 311: 
 312:   /**
 313:    * Sets the element at the specified index.  The new element, e,
 314:    * can be an object of any type or null.
 315:    *
 316:    * @param index the index at which the element is being set
 317:    * @param e the element to be set
 318:    * @return the element previously at the specified index
 319:    * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if index < 0 || index >= 0
 320:    */
 321:   public E set(int index, E e)
 322:   {
 323:     checkBoundExclusive(index);
 324:     E result = data[index];
 325:     data[index] = e;
 326:     return result;
 327:   }
 328: 
 329:   /**
 330:    * Appends the supplied element to the end of this list.
 331:    * The element, e, can be an object of any type or null.
 332:    *
 333:    * @param e the element to be appended to this list
 334:    * @return true, the add will always succeed
 335:    */
 336:   public boolean add(E e)
 337:   {
 338:     modCount++;
 339:     if (size == data.length)
 340:       ensureCapacity(size + 1);
 341:     data[size++] = e;
 342:     return true;
 343:   }
 344: 
 345:   /**
 346:    * Adds the supplied element at the specified index, shifting all
 347:    * elements currently at that index or higher one to the right.
 348:    * The element, e, can be an object of any type or null.
 349:    *
 350:    * @param index the index at which the element is being added
 351:    * @param e the item being added
 352:    * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if index < 0 || index > size()
 353:    */
 354:   public void add(int index, E e)
 355:   {
 356:     checkBoundInclusive(index);
 357:     modCount++;
 358:     if (size == data.length)
 359:       ensureCapacity(size + 1);
 360:     if (index != size)
 361:       System.arraycopy(data, index, data, index + 1, size - index);
 362:     data[index] = e;
 363:     size++;
 364:   }
 365: 
 366:   /**
 367:    * Removes the element at the user-supplied index.
 368:    *
 369:    * @param index the index of the element to be removed
 370:    * @return the removed Object
 371:    * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if index < 0 || index >= size()
 372:    */
 373:   public E remove(int index)
 374:   {
 375:     checkBoundExclusive(index);
 376:     E r = data[index];
 377:     modCount++;
 378:     if (index != --size)
 379:       System.arraycopy(data, index + 1, data, index, size - index);
 380:     // Aid for garbage collection by releasing this pointer.
 381:     data[size] = null;
 382:     return r;
 383:   }
 384: 
 385:   /**
 386:    * Removes all elements from this List
 387:    */
 388:   public void clear()
 389:   {
 390:     if (size > 0)
 391:       {
 392:         modCount++;
 393:         // Allow for garbage collection.
 394:         Arrays.fill(data, 0, size, null);
 395:         size = 0;
 396:       }
 397:   }
 398: 
 399:   /**
 400:    * Add each element in the supplied Collection to this List. It is undefined
 401:    * what happens if you modify the list while this is taking place; for
 402:    * example, if the collection contains this list.  c can contain objects
 403:    * of any type, as well as null values.
 404:    *
 405:    * @param c a Collection containing elements to be added to this List
 406:    * @return true if the list was modified, in other words c is not empty
 407:    * @throws NullPointerException if c is null
 408:    */
 409:   public boolean addAll(Collection<? extends E> c)
 410:   {
 411:     return addAll(size, c);
 412:   }
 413: 
 414:   /**
 415:    * Add all elements in the supplied collection, inserting them beginning
 416:    * at the specified index.  c can contain objects of any type, as well
 417:    * as null values.
 418:    *
 419:    * @param index the index at which the elements will be inserted
 420:    * @param c the Collection containing the elements to be inserted
 421:    * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if index < 0 || index > 0
 422:    * @throws NullPointerException if c is null
 423:    */
 424:   public boolean addAll(int index, Collection<? extends E> c)
 425:   {
 426:     checkBoundInclusive(index);
 427:     Iterator<? extends E> itr = c.iterator();
 428:     int csize = c.size();
 429: 
 430:     modCount++;
 431:     if (csize + size > data.length)
 432:       ensureCapacity(size + csize);
 433:     int end = index + csize;
 434:     if (size > 0 && index != size)
 435:       System.arraycopy(data, index, data, end, size - index);
 436:     size += csize;
 437:     for ( ; index < end; index++)
 438:       data[index] = itr.next();
 439:     return csize > 0;
 440:   }
 441: 
 442:   /**
 443:    * Removes all elements in the half-open interval [fromIndex, toIndex).
 444:    * Does nothing when toIndex is equal to fromIndex.
 445:    *
 446:    * @param fromIndex the first index which will be removed
 447:    * @param toIndex one greater than the last index which will be removed
 448:    * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if fromIndex > toIndex
 449:    */
 450:   protected void removeRange(int fromIndex, int toIndex)
 451:   {
 452:     int change = toIndex - fromIndex;
 453:     if (change > 0)
 454:       {
 455:         modCount++;
 456:         System.arraycopy(data, toIndex, data, fromIndex, size - toIndex);
 457:         size -= change;
 458:       }
 459:     else if (change < 0)
 460:       throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException();
 461:   }
 462: 
 463:   /**
 464:    * Checks that the index is in the range of possible elements (inclusive).
 465:    *
 466:    * @param index the index to check
 467:    * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if index > size
 468:    */
 469:   private void checkBoundInclusive(int index)
 470:   {
 471:     // Implementation note: we do not check for negative ranges here, since
 472:     // use of a negative index will cause an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException,
 473:     // a subclass of the required exception, with no effort on our part.
 474:     if (index > size)
 475:       throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException("Index: " + index + ", Size: "
 476:                                           + size);
 477:   }
 478: 
 479:   /**
 480:    * Checks that the index is in the range of existing elements (exclusive).
 481:    *
 482:    * @param index the index to check
 483:    * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if index >= size
 484:    */
 485:   private void checkBoundExclusive(int index)
 486:   {
 487:     // Implementation note: we do not check for negative ranges here, since
 488:     // use of a negative index will cause an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException,
 489:     // a subclass of the required exception, with no effort on our part.
 490:     if (index >= size)
 491:       throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException("Index: " + index + ", Size: "
 492:                                           + size);
 493:   }
 494: 
 495:   /**
 496:    * Remove from this list all elements contained in the given collection.
 497:    * This is not public, due to Sun's API, but this performs in linear
 498:    * time while the default behavior of AbstractList would be quadratic.
 499:    *
 500:    * @param c the collection to filter out
 501:    * @return true if this list changed
 502:    * @throws NullPointerException if c is null
 503:    */
 504:   boolean removeAllInternal(Collection<?> c)
 505:   {
 506:     int i;
 507:     int j;
 508:     for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
 509:       if (c.contains(data[i]))
 510:         break;
 511:     if (i == size)
 512:       return false;
 513: 
 514:     modCount++;
 515:     for (j = i++; i < size; i++)
 516:       if (! c.contains(data[i]))
 517:         data[j++] = data[i];
 518:     size -= i - j;
 519:     return true;
 520:   }
 521: 
 522:   /**
 523:    * Retain in this vector only the elements contained in the given collection.
 524:    * This is not public, due to Sun's API, but this performs in linear
 525:    * time while the default behavior of AbstractList would be quadratic.
 526:    *
 527:    * @param c the collection to filter by
 528:    * @return true if this vector changed
 529:    * @throws NullPointerException if c is null
 530:    * @since 1.2
 531:    */
 532:   boolean retainAllInternal(Collection<?> c)
 533:   {
 534:     int i;
 535:     int j;
 536:     for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
 537:       if (! c.contains(data[i]))
 538:         break;
 539:     if (i == size)
 540:       return false;
 541: 
 542:     modCount++;
 543:     for (j = i++; i < size; i++)
 544:       if (c.contains(data[i]))
 545:         data[j++] = data[i];
 546:     size -= i - j;
 547:     return true;
 548:   }
 549: 
 550:   /**
 551:    * Serializes this object to the given stream.
 552:    *
 553:    * @param s the stream to write to
 554:    * @throws IOException if the underlying stream fails
 555:    * @serialData the size field (int), the length of the backing array
 556:    *             (int), followed by its elements (Objects) in proper order.
 557:    */
 558:   private void writeObject(ObjectOutputStream s) throws IOException
 559:   {
 560:     // The 'size' field.
 561:     s.defaultWriteObject();
 562:     // We serialize unused list entries to preserve capacity.
 563:     int len = data.length;
 564:     s.writeInt(len);
 565:     // it would be more efficient to just write "size" items,
 566:     // this need readObject read "size" items too.
 567:     for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
 568:       s.writeObject(data[i]);
 569:   }
 570: 
 571:   /**
 572:    * Deserializes this object from the given stream.
 573:    *
 574:    * @param s the stream to read from
 575:    * @throws ClassNotFoundException if the underlying stream fails
 576:    * @throws IOException if the underlying stream fails
 577:    * @serialData the size field (int), the length of the backing array
 578:    *             (int), followed by its elements (Objects) in proper order.
 579:    */
 580:   private void readObject(ObjectInputStream s)
 581:     throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException
 582:   {
 583:     // the `size' field.
 584:     s.defaultReadObject();
 585:     int capacity = s.readInt();
 586:     data = (E[]) new Object[capacity];
 587:     for (int i = 0; i < size; i++)
 588:       data[i] = (E) s.readObject();
 589:   }
 590: }






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