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解决“不允许类型 System.DelegateSerializationHolder 和从中派生的类型(例如 System

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解决“不允许类型 System.DelegateSerializationHolder 和从中派生的类型(例如 System.DelegateSerializationHolder)在此安全级别上被反序列化”错误的办法。
在.NET Framework 1.1中安全级别默认是Low的,所以不能被反序列化。以下代码是是一个聊天程序,在修改了配置文件后就可以访问了。


远程处理程序:ChatCoordinator.cs

using System;
using System.Runtime.Remoting;
using System.Collections;

[Serializable]
public class SubmitEventArgs : EventArgs{

   private string _string = null;
   private string _alias = null;

   public SubmitEventArgs(string contribution, string contributor){
      this._string = contribution;
      this._alias = contributor;
   }

   public string Contribution{
      get{
         return _string;
      }
   }

   public string Contributor{
      get {
         return _alias;
      }   
   }
}

public delegate void SubmissionEventHandler(object sender, SubmitEventArgs submitArgs);

public class ChatCoordinator : MarshalByRefObject{

   public ChatCoordinator(){
     Console.WriteLine("聊天控制对象已经建立。 实例: " + this.GetHashCode().ToString());
   }
   public override object InitializeLifetimeService(){
      return null;
   }
   public event SubmissionEventHandler Submission;

   public void Submit(string contribution, string contributor){
      Console.WriteLine("{0} 发送: {1}.", contributor, contribution);

      SubmitEventArgs e = new SubmitEventArgs(contribution, contributor);

      if (Submission != null){
  Console.WriteLine("广播……");
         Submission(this, e);
      }
   }
}

宿主应用程序:Server.cs

using System;
using System.Runtime.Remoting;

public class Server
{
   public static void Main(string[] Args)
   {
  RemotingConfiguration.Configure("Central.config");
  Console.WriteLine("服务已经启动。 按回车键退出。");
  Console.ReadLine();
   }
}

客户端应用程序:client.cs

using System;
using System.Runtime.Remoting;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels.Http;

public class ChatClient : MarshalByRefObject {

   private string username = null;

 public override object InitializeLifetimeService() {
      return null;
   }

   public ChatClient(string alias){
       
      this.username = alias;
   
   }

   public void Run(){
   
      RemotingConfiguration.Configure("Client.config");
      ChatCoordinator chatcenter = new ChatCoordinator();
      chatcenter.Submission += new SubmissionEventHandler(this.SubmissionReceiver);
      String keyState = "";
       
      while (true){
         Console.WriteLine("按0和回车键退出:/r/n");
         keyState = Console.ReadLine();

         if (String.Compare(keyState,"0", true) == 0)
            break;
         chatcenter.Submit(keyState, username);
      }
      chatcenter.Submission -= new SubmissionEventHandler(this.SubmissionReceiver);
   }

 public void SubmissionReceiver(object sender, SubmitEventArgs args){

 if (String.Compare(args.Contributor, username, true) == 0){
         Console.WriteLine("你的消息经被广播。。");
      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine(args.Contributor + " 说: " + args.Contribution);
      }

   public static void Main(string[] Args){

      if (Args.Length != 1){
         Console.WriteLine("You need to type an alias.");
         return;
      }

      ChatClient client = new ChatClient(Args[0]);
         client.Run();
      }
}

服务器端配置文件:Central.config

<configuration>
  <system.runtime.remoting>
    <application>
      <service>
        <wellknown mode="Singleton" type="ChatCoordinator, ChatCoordinator" objectUri="Chat" />
      </service>
      <channels>
        <channel ref="http" port="8080">
          <!--
              以下红颜色的部分是控制按级别的
              Full: .NET 远程处理的完全反序列化级别。它在所有情况下都支持远程处理所支持的全部类型。
              Low: .NET 远程处理的低反序列化级别。它支持与基本的远程处理功能相关联的类型。
   -->
          <serverProviders>
            <provider ref="wsdl" />
            <formatter ref="soap" typeFilterLevel="Full" />
            <formatter ref="binary" typeFilterLevel="Full" />
          </serverProviders>
        </channel>
      </channels>
    </application>
  </system.runtime.remoting>
</configuration>

客户端配置文件:Client.config

<configuration>
  <system.runtime.remoting>
    <application>
      <client>
        <wellknown type="ChatCoordinator, ChatCoordinator" url="http://localhost:8080/Chat" />
      </client>
      <channels>
        <channel ref="http" port="0">
          <!--以下红颜色的部分是控制按级别的-->
          <serverProviders>
            <provider ref="wsdl" />
            <formatter ref="soap" typeFilterLevel="Full" />
            <formatter ref="binary" typeFilterLevel="Full" />
          </serverProviders>
        </channel>
      </channels>
    </application>
  </system.runtime.remoting>
</configuration>

在该目录中的命令提示处,键入以下命令就可以运行了:

csc /t:library ChatCoordinator.cs

csc /r:ChatCoordinator.dll server.cs

csc /r:ChatCoordinator.dll client.cs


 
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