# 用VBA来解决大数据量计算逆矩阵的问题

EXCEL2003中应用minverse求逆矩阵，该函数在excel中的确存在计算范围上的限制，可能最大的计算范围是52*52。下面给出一个VBA的解法

Private Declare Sub CopyMemory Lib "kernel32" Alias "RtlMoveMemory" (Destination As Any, Source As Any, ByVal Length As Long)

Sub Swap(ByRef sA, ByRef sB)
Dim r     As Long
CopyMemory r, ByVal VarPtr(sA), 4
CopyMemory ByVal VarPtr(sA), ByVal VarPtr(sB), 4
CopyMemory ByVal VarPtr(sB), r, 4
End Sub

Sub 求逆矩阵(ByVal r As Range)
Dim A() As Long, B() As Long, i As Long, j As Long, k As Long, N As Long, D As Double, tt As Double, matrix
Application.ScreenUpdating = False
matrix = r.Value
If r.Rows.Count <> r.Columns.Count Then MsgBox "矩阵行数与列数不等": Exit Sub
N = r.Rows.Count
tt = Timer
ReDim A(N), B(N)
For k = 1 To N
D = 0#
For i = k To N
For j = k To N
If (Abs(matrix(i, j)) > D) Then
D = Abs(matrix(i, j))
A(k) = i
B(k) = j
End If
Next j, i
If (D + 1# = 1#) Then MsgBox "矩阵行列式的值等于0":   Exit Sub
If (A(k) <> k) Then
For j = 1 To N
Swap matrix(k, j), matrix(A(k), j)
Next
End If
If (B(k) <> k) Then
For i = 1 To N
Swap matrix(i, k), matrix(i, B(k))
Next
End If
matrix(k, k) = 1# / matrix(k, k)
For j = 1 To N
If (j <> k) Then matrix(k, j) = matrix(k, j) * matrix(k, k)
Next
For i = 1 To N
If (i <> k) Then
For j = 1 To N
If (j <> k) Then matrix(i, j) = matrix(i, j) - matrix(i, k) * matrix(k, j)
Next
End If
Next
For i = 1 To N
If (i <> k) Then matrix(i, k) = -matrix(i, k) * matrix(k, k)
Next
Next

For k = N To 1 Step -1
If (B(k) <> k) Then
For j = 1 To N
Swap matrix(k, j), matrix(B(k), j)
Next
End If
If (A(k) <> k) Then
For i = 1 To N
Swap matrix(i, k), matrix(i, A(k))
Next
End If
Next
r.Offset(N + 3, 0).Resize(N, N).NumberFormatLocal = "0.00000000"
r.Offset(N + 3, 0).Resize(N, N) = matrix
Application.ScreenUpdating = True
MsgBox "OK!  程序运行" & Format(Timer - tt, "0.0000000") & "秒"
End Sub

Sub test()

End Sub

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