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VBS连接数据库代码

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Dim objConnection                          'CONNECTION对象实例
Dim objRecordSet                                   'RECORDSET对象实例       
Dim objCommand                                '命令对象实例
Dim strConnectionString                        '连接字符串

' ********************************************************************
' 函数说明:连接数据库;
' 参数说明:(1)strDBType(数据库类型:如ORACEL;DB2;SQL;ACCESS)
'           (2)strDBAlias(数据库别名)
'           (3)strUID(用户名)
'           (4)strPWD(密码)
'           (5)strIP(数据库IP地址:仅SQL SERVER 使用)
'           (6)strLocalHostName(本地主机名:仅SQL SERVER 使用)
'           (7)strDataSource(数据源:仅ACCESS使用;如d:\yysc.mdb)
' 返回结果:无
' 调用方法: ConnectDatabase(strDBType, strDBAlias, strUID, strPWD, strIP, strLocalHostName, strDataSource)
' ********************************************************************
Sub ConnectDatabase(strDBType, strDBAlias, strUID, strPWD, strIP, strLocalHostName, strDataSource)
    Set objConnection = CreateObject("ADODB.CONNECTION"                '1 - 建立CONNECTION对象的实例
   
    Select Case UCase(Trim(strDBType))
        Case "ORACLE"
            strConnectionString = "Driver={Microsoft ODBC for Oracle};Server=" & strDBAlias & ";Uid="_
                & strUID & ";Pwd=" & strPWD & ";"                                '2 - 建立连接字符串
            objConnection.Open strConnectionString                                '3 - 用Open 方法建立与数据库连接
        Case "DB2"
            strConnectionString = "Driver={IBM DB2 ODBC DRIVER};DBALIAS=" & strDBAlias & ";Uid="_
                & strUID & ";Pwd=" & strPWD & ";"                               
            objConnection.Open strConnectionString                               
        Case "SQL"
             strConnectionString = "DRIVER=SQL Server; SERVER=" & strIP & "; UID=" & strUID & "; PWD="_
                 & strPWD & "; APP=Microsoft Office 2003;WSID=" & strLocalHostName & "; DATABASE=" & strDBAlias & ";"
            objConnection.Open strConnectionString                                           
        Case "ACCESS"
            strConnectionString = "provider=microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0;data source=" & strDataSource &_
                ";Jet OLEDBatabase Password=" & strPWD & ";"
            objConnection.Open strConnectionString                                                 
        Case Else
            MsgBox "输入的数据库类型格式有误" & vbCrLf & "支持的数据库类型格式:ORACLE;DB2;SQL;ACCESS;EXCEL"
    End Select
   
    If (objConnection.State = 0) Then
        MsgBox "连接数据库失败!"
    End If
   
End Sub


' ********************************************************************
' 函数说明:查询数据库(查询单列);
' 参数说明:  (1)strSql:SQL语句
'           (2)strFieldName:字段名
'           (3)str_Array_QueryResult:数组名(用来返回单列查询结果)
' 返回结果:  intArrayLength:查询数据库返回的记录行数
'           str_Array_QueryResult:数组名(用来返回单列查询结果)
' 调用方法: intArrayLength = QueryDatabase(strSql, strFieldName, str_Array_QueryResult)
' ********************************************************************
Function QueryDatabase(strSql, strFieldName, str_Array_QueryResult)
    Dim intArrayLength                                                                                     '数组长度
     Dim i
   
    i = 0  
    str_Array_QueryResult = Array()                                '重新初始化数组为一个空数组
   
    Set objRecordSet = CreateObject("ADODB.RECORDSET"                '4 - 建立RECORDSET对象实例
    Set objCommand = CreateObject("ADODB.COMMAND"              '5 - 建立COMMAND对象实例
    objCommand.ActiveConnection = objConnection
    objCommand.CommandText = strSql
        objRecordSet.CursorLocation = 3
        objRecordSet.Open objCommand                            '6 - 执行SQL语句,将结果保存在RECORDSET对象实例中
   
    intArrayLength = objRecordSet.RecordCount                  '将查询结果的行数作为数组的长度
   
    If intArrayLength > 0 Then
                ReDim str_Array_QueryResult(intArrayLength-1)
               
                Do While NOT objRecordSet.EOF                                                '将数据库查询的列值赋值给数组            
                    str_Array_QueryResult(i) = objRecordSet(strFieldName)
                        'Debug.WriteLine str_Array_QueryResult(i)
                        objRecordSet.MoveNext
                        i = i + 1
                Loop
'        Else
                'ReDim str_Array_QueryResult(0)      
                'str_Array_QueryResult(0) = ""    
    End If
   
    QueryDatabase = intArrayLength
End Function

' ********************************************************************
' 函数说明:更新数据库;包括INSERT、DELETE 和 UPDATE操作
' 参数说明:(1)strSql:SQL语句
' 返回结果:无
' 调用方法: UpdateDatabase(strSql)
' ********************************************************************
Sub UpdateDatabase(strSql)
        Dim objCommand
        Dim objField       
       
        Set objCommand = CreateObject("ADODB.COMMAND")
        Set objRecordSet = CreateObject("ADODB.RECORDSET")
        objCommand.CommandText = strSql
        objCommand.ActiveConnection = objConnection
        Set objRecordSet = objCommand.Execute
       
'        Do Until objRecordSet.EOF
       
'                For Each objField In objRecordSet.Fields
'                        Debug.Write objField.Name & ": " & objField.Value & "   "
'                Next
               
'                objRecordSet.MoveNext
'                Debug.WriteLine
'        Loop       
       
        Set objCommand = Nothing
        Set objRecordSet = Nothing
               
End Sub

 

 

' ********************************************************************
' 函数说明:返回符合查询结果的列的长度
' 参数说明:(1)strSql:SQL语句
' 返回结果:返回符合查询结果的列的长度
' 调用方法: MaxLength = GetLenOfField(strSql)
' ********************************************************************
Function GetLenOfField(strSql)
    '如果SQL语句为空,则默认返回的列长度为0,结束函数;否则返回列的实际长度
    If strSql = "" Then
        GetLenOfField  = 0
                Exit Function
    Else
            Set objRecordSet = CreateObject("ADODB.RECORDSET")                        '4 - 建立RECORDSET对象实例
            Set objCommand = CreateObject("ADODB.COMMAND")              '5 - 建立COMMAND对象实例
            objCommand.ActiveConnection = objConnection
            objCommand.CommandText = strSql
                objRecordSet.CursorLocation = 3
                objRecordSet.Open objCommand                                '6 - 执行SQL语句,将结果保存在RECORDSET对象实例中
           
            GetLenOfField = objRecordSet.RecordCount                              '返回符合查询结果的列的长度
       
                Set objCommand = Nothing       
                Set objRecordSet = Nothing
        End If
End Function


' ********************************************************************
' 函数说明:关闭数据库连接;
' 参数说明:无
' 返回结果:无
' 调用方法: CloseDatabase()
' ********************************************************************
Sub CloseDatabase()
    objRecordSet.Close
    objConnection.Close
   
    Set objCommand = Nothing
    Set objRecordSet = Nothing
    Set objConnection = Nothing
End Sub

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