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android_36_多线程断点续传

标签: android多线程断点续传
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效果图:






原理图:


清单:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.sg31.multiplethreaddownload"
    android:versionCode="1"
    android:versionName="1.0" >

    <uses-sdk
        android:minSdkVersion="8"
        android:targetSdkVersion="21" />

    // 注意权限 
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
    
    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme" >
        <activity
            android:name=".MainActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>




布局:

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    tools:context="com.sg31.multiplethreaddownload.MainActivity" android:orientation="vertical"
    >

    <Button
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="开始下载" 
        android:onClick="downloadBtnClicked"
        />
	<ProgressBar 
	    android:id="@+id/progressBar"
	    android:layout_width="match_parent"
	    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
	    style="@android:style/Widget.ProgressBar.Horizontal"
	    />
	<TextView 
	    android:id="@+id/tv"
	    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
	    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
	    />
</LinearLayout>


代码:


package com.sg31.multiplethreaddownload;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.RandomAccessFile;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;

import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.os.Handler;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ProgressBar;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {

	static int ThreadCount = 3;
	static int finishedThread = 0;

	int currentProgress;
	String fileName = "NEXT_TO_YOU.mp3";
	// 确定下载地址
	String path = "http://1od8vj43og.bkt.clouddn.com/" + fileName;
	private ProgressBar progressBar;
	TextView tv;

	Handler handler = new Handler() {
		public void handleMessage(android.os.Message msg) {
			// 把变量改成long,在long下运算
			tv.setText((long) progressBar.getProgress() * 100
					/ progressBar.getMax() + "%");
		}
	};

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

		// 控件
		progressBar = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.progressBar);
		tv = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.tv);
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
		// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
		getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
		return true;
	}

	@Override
	public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
		// Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
		// automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
		// as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
		int id = item.getItemId();
		if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
			return true;
		}
		return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
	}

	public void downloadBtnClicked(View v) {

		Thread t = new Thread() {
			@Override
			public void run() {
				// 发送get请求,请求这个地址的资源的长度
				try {
					URL url = new URL(path);
					HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url
							.openConnection();
					conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
					conn.setConnectTimeout(5000);
					conn.setReadTimeout(5000);

					if (conn.getResponseCode() == 200) {
						// 拿到所请求资源文件的长度
						int length = conn.getContentLength();

						// 设置进度条的最大值就是原文件的总长度
						progressBar.setMax(length);

						File file = new File(
								Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(),
								fileName);
						// 生成临时文件,rwd表示实时写入底层设备
						RandomAccessFile raf = new RandomAccessFile(file, "rwd");
						// 设置临时文件的大小
						raf.setLength(length);
						raf.close();
						// 计算出每个线程应该下载多少字节
						int size = length / ThreadCount;

						for (int i = 0; i < ThreadCount; i++) {
							// 计算线程下载的开始位置和结束位置
							int startIndex = i * size;
							int endIndex = (i + 1) * size - 1;
							// 如果是最后一个线程,那么结束位置写死
							if (i == ThreadCount - 1) {
								endIndex = length - 1;
							}
							// System.out.println("线程" + i + "的下载区间是:" +
							// startIndex + "---" + endIndex);
							new DownLoadThread(startIndex, endIndex, i).start();
						}
					}
				} catch (Exception e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
			}
		};
		t.start();
	}

	// 专门用来下载的类
	class DownLoadThread extends Thread {
		int startIndex;
		int endIndex;
		int threadId;

		public DownLoadThread(int startIndex, int endIndex, int threadId) {
			super();
			this.startIndex = startIndex;
			this.endIndex = endIndex;
			this.threadId = threadId;
		}

		@Override
		public void run() {
			// 再次发送http请求,下载原文件
			try {
				File progressFile = new File(
						Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), threadId
								+ ".txt");
				// 判断进度临时文件是否存在
				if (progressFile.exists()) {
					FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(progressFile);
					BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(
							new InputStreamReader(fis));
					// 从进度临时文件中读取出上一次下载的总进度,然后与原本的开始位置相加,得到新的开始位置
					int lastProgress = Integer.parseInt(br.readLine());
					startIndex += lastProgress;

					// 把上次下载的进度显示至进度条
					currentProgress += lastProgress;
					progressBar.setProgress(currentProgress);

					// 发送消息,让主线程刷新文本进度
					handler.sendEmptyMessage(1);
					fis.close();
				}
				System.out.println("线程" + threadId + "的下载区间是:" + startIndex
						+ "---" + endIndex);
				HttpURLConnection conn;
				URL url = new URL(path);
				conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
				conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
				conn.setConnectTimeout(5000);
				conn.setReadTimeout(5000);
				// 核心代码:设置本次http请求所请求的数据的区间
				conn.setRequestProperty("Range", "bytes=" + startIndex + "-"
						+ endIndex);

				// 请求部分数据,相应码是206
				if (conn.getResponseCode() == 206) {
					// 流里此时只有1/3原文件的数据
					InputStream is = conn.getInputStream();
					byte[] b = new byte[1024];
					int len = 0;
					int total = 0;
					// 拿到临时文件的输出流
					File file = new File(
							Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), fileName);
					RandomAccessFile raf = new RandomAccessFile(file, "rwd");
					// 核心代码:把文件的写入位置移动至startIndex
					raf.seek(startIndex);
					while ((len = is.read(b)) != -1) {
						// 每次读取流里数据之后,同步把数据写入临时文件
						raf.write(b, 0, len);
						total += len;
						System.out.println("线程" + threadId + "下载了" + total);

						// 每次读取流里数据之后,把本次读取的数据的长度显示至进度条
						currentProgress += len;
						progressBar.setProgress(currentProgress);
						// 发送消息,让主线程刷新文本进度
						handler.sendEmptyMessage(1);

						// 生成一个专门用来记录下载进度的临时文件
						RandomAccessFile progressRaf = new RandomAccessFile(
								progressFile, "rwd");
						// 每次读取流里数据之后,同步把当前线程下载的总进度写入进度临时文件中
						progressRaf.write((total + "").getBytes());
						progressRaf.close();
					}
					System.out.println("线程" + threadId
							+ "下载完毕-------------------sg31.com");
					raf.close();

					finishedThread++;
					synchronized (path) {
						if (finishedThread == ThreadCount) {
							for (int i = 0; i < ThreadCount; i++) {
								File f = new File(
										Environment
												.getExternalStorageDirectory(),
										i + ".txt");
								f.delete();
							}
							finishedThread = 0;
						}
					}

				}
			} catch (Exception e) {
				e.printStackTrace();
			}
		}
	}

}


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