创建 WPF 不规则窗口 方法之二

转载 2012年03月21日 09:54:05
 

首先我们需要借助Microsoft Expression Design 2来进行图形设计。(这里使用Photoshop等传统软件也可以,但是只能利用PNG格式来实现透明,其缺点就是不支持无损缩放,且不支持动态修改。)

打开Microsoft Expression Design 2中文版,点击菜单“文件 >新建”,依照下图进行设置,这里将文档尺寸单位设为“像素”,便于与应用程序的布局单位相对应。

然后随心所欲的画吧,想画成什么样都行,但注意Microsoft Expression Design 2中绘制的图形并非全部都是矢量的,比如纹理填充、一些特殊笔刷以及滤镜效果(输出时有“将实时效果转换为XAML效果的选项,但是点了无用,不知道是不是BUG)都会以位图形式输出。

这是我画出来的图形:

这里要注意的是:最好将所有元素都放在一个图层里,因为我们后面导出资源字典的时候需要依据图层来分组,我们画好之后要给图层重命名,在这里我给它命名为“back”,这个名称将在后面代码中引用资源时使用。

接下来点击菜单“文件 >导出...”,将格式设为“XAML WPF资源字典”,分组依据设为“层”,实时效果设为“转换为XAML效果”(貌似无用的设置)。然后按“浏览...”按钮选择输出路径,然后按“全部导出”按钮完成导出。

然后就可以保存文件,关闭Microsoft Expression Design 2了。

打开Microsoft Visual Studio 2008,点击菜单“文件 >新建 >项目...”,选择“WPF应用程序”,名称设为“不规则窗体”。

点击菜单“项目 >添加现有项...”,浏览并选择此前导出的资源字典文件(选的时候注意把右边的文件类型过滤改一下,默认是C#文件类型)。如下图所示,这就是导入的资源字典文件。

引入的资源字典内容如下,我们不需要搞明白这些对图形的描述语法,只要了解其中的“x:Key="back"”对应的是我们之前设计时的图层名称,我们在程序中引用此资源时要使用这个名称。

 

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<RadialGradientBrush RadiusX="0.592287" RadiusY="0.672395" Center="0.450544,0.443124" GradientOrigin="0.450544,0.443124">
                                
<RadialGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                                    
<GradientStop Color="#FFFFFFFF" Offset="0"/>
                                    
<GradientStop Color="#FFD5D5D5" Offset="1"/>
                                
</RadialGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                                
<RadialGradientBrush.RelativeTransform>
                                    
<TransformGroup/>
                                
</RadialGradientBrush.RelativeTransform>
                            
</RadialGradientBrush>
                        
</GeometryDrawing.Brush>
                    
</GeometryDrawing>
                    
<GeometryDrawing Geometry="F1 M 390.536,231.561C 390.61,235.893 390.615,240.493 390.549,245.362C 390.484,250.231 390.789,254.734 391.466,258.872C 392.165,262.42 393.661,264.889 395.953,266.279C 398.245,267.669 401.107,268.044 404.537,267.403C 409.715,266.396 415.876,263.581 423.02,258.957C 430.165,254.333 433.592,249.041 433.303,243.079C 432.496,240.479 430.984,239.308 428.767,239.566C 426.55,239.825 425.031,238.615 424.209,235.935C 423.471,230.697 423.192,224.119 423.372,216.201C 423.552,208.284 423.238,201.522 422.432,195.915C 421.336,191 418.81,187.567 414.856,185.617C 410.901,183.668 406.598,183.115 401.947,183.961C 395.181,185.825 389.428,189.321 384.689,194.449C 379.949,199.577 376.573,202.631 374.56,203.612C 372.502,203.388 370.959,201.248 369.928,197.193C 368.898,193.138 366.181,191.216 361.778,191.428C 357.74,192.299 353.059,194.169 347.734,197.037C 342.409,199.906 338.148,202.731 334.951,205.515C 333.293,206.824 331.769,208.414 330.377,210.285C 328.986,212.156 328.422,214.127 328.686,216.198C 329.14,219.22 330.887,220.498 333.929,220.033L 335.493,219.742C 338.605,219.226 340.367,220.578 340.777,223.798C 342.08,231.227 342.56,239.72 342.216,249.276C 341.873,258.831 341.963,265.883 342.488,270.431C 343.245,273.814 344.868,275.87 347.356,276.6C 349.845,277.329 352.537,277.307 355.433,276.531C 365.147,274.374 371.348,271.429 374.035,267.695C 376.721,263.961 377.512,257.809 376.408,249.238C 375.659,243.56 375.479,236.538 375.867,228.173C 376.254,219.808 379.136,214.712 384.512,212.885C 385.98,212.646 387.156,212.932 388.041,213.743C 388.927,214.554 389.503,215.687 389.77,217.144L 390.536,231.561 Z ">
                        
<GeometryDrawing.Pen>
                            
<Pen Thickness="1.5" LineJoin="Round" Brush="#FF7D2500"/>
                        
</GeometryDrawing.Pen>
                        
<GeometryDrawing.Brush>
                            
<RadialGradientBrush RadiusX="0.592402" RadiusY="0.66297" Center="0.449238,0.438522" GradientOrigin="0.449238,0.438522">
                                
<RadialGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                                    
<GradientStop Color="#FFFFFFFF" Offset="0"/>
                                    
<GradientStop Color="#FFD5D5D5" Offset="1"/>
                                
</RadialGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                                
<RadialGradientBrush.RelativeTransform>
                                    
<TransformGroup/>
                                
</RadialGradientBrush.RelativeTransform>
                            
</RadialGradientBrush>
                        
</GeometryDrawing.Brush>
                    
</GeometryDrawing>
                    
<GeometryDrawing Geometry="F1 M 483.77,222.366C 488.381,218.525 492.426,217.778 495.904,220.123C 499.381,222.467 500.823,225.646 500.229,229.657C 499.635,233.669 497.298,237.213 493.219,240.288C 489.139,243.364 485.293,244.201 481.679,242.8C 478.065,241.399 476.357,238.603 476.555,234.412C 476.754,230.221 479.158,226.206 483.77,222.366 Z M 511.055,144.366C 510,148.842 507.063,161.261 502.245,181.621C 497.427,201.98 493.841,212.379 491.487,212.817C 489.133,213.254 488.412,203.639 489.322,183.972C 490.233,164.305 490.945,152.085 491.456,147.314C 491.968,142.542 494.322,138.591 498.517,135.46C 502.713,132.329 506.115,131.908 508.722,134.195C 511.33,136.483 512.107,139.873 511.055,144.366 Z ">
                        
<GeometryDrawing.Pen>
                            
<Pen Thickness="1.5" LineJoin="Round" Brush="#FF7D2500"/>
                        
</GeometryDrawing.Pen>
                        
<GeometryDrawing.Brush>
                            
<RadialGradientBrush RadiusX="1.89231" RadiusY="0.597705" Center="0.451968,0.411473" GradientOrigin="0.451968,0.411473">
                                
<RadialGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                                    
<GradientStop Color="#FFFFFFFF" Offset="0"/>
                                    
<GradientStop Color="#FFD5D5D5" Offset="1"/>
                                
</RadialGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                                
<RadialGradientBrush.RelativeTransform>
                                    
<TransformGroup/>
                                
</RadialGradientBrush.RelativeTransform>
                            
</RadialGradientBrush>
                        
</GeometryDrawing.Brush>
                    
</GeometryDrawing>
                
</DrawingGroup.Children>
            
</DrawingGroup>
        
</DrawingBrush.Drawing>
    
</DrawingBrush>
</ResourceDictionary>

 

现在我们要把这个资源字典引入程序集,打开“App.xaml”文件,添加下图中红色框内的代码。

 

<Application x:Class="不规则窗体.App"
    xmlns
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    StartupUri
="Window1.xaml">
    
<Application.Resources>
        
<ResourceDictionary>
            
<ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
                
<ResourceDictionary Source="cnblogs-SkyD.xaml"/>
            
</ResourceDictionary.MergedDictionaries>
        
</ResourceDictionary>
    
</Application.Resources>
</Application>

 

然后打开“Window1.xaml”文件的设计视图,点击窗体边缘以选中窗体,依照下图所示,在属性面板中更改AllowsTransparencyWindowStyle属性。

AllowsTransparency 指示窗体是否支持透明。

WindowStyle指示窗体边框样式,设为 None为无边框。

切换到XAML代码视图,依照下图所示,为 Window元素添加Background MouseDown属性定义。

Background 属性指示窗体的背景,这里引用资源中的“back”,就是我们之前画好的图形啦。

MouseDown 是鼠标按下时产生的事件,我们要为之定义一个事件处理函数以实现窗体拖动功能。

 

<Window x:Class="不规则窗体.Window1"
    xmlns
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
    xmlns:x
="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
    Title
="Window1" 
    Height
="450" 
    Width
="450" 
    AllowsTransparency
="True" 
    WindowStyle
="None" 
    Background
="{StaticResource back}"
    MouseDown
="Window_MouseDown">
    
<Grid>
        
    
</Grid>
</Window>

 

在上图的“Window_MouseDown”字符上单击右键,在弹出菜单中选择“定位到事件处理程序”,即会转到“Window1.xaml.cs”代码视图,依照下图输入代码。

 

        private void Window_MouseDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        
{
            
if(e.ChangedButton==MouseButton.Left)this.DragMove();
        }

 

至此就完成了不规则窗体的创制了。

编译运行看看:

嗯嗯,效果很酷的说,你说什么?没有关闭按钮?这么好看的界面你舍得关吗?

好吧,要实现关闭按钮也很简单啦,自己搞个按钮在上面,在 Click事件中执行 this.Close();OK啦,我是懒得搞了哈。

 

此效果在任何装有.Net框架3.0的机器上都可以运作,不用再羡慕Adobe AIR的外观了,WPF可以做得更好!

 

再来张Vista切换窗口时的图:

 

 

 源代码下载(包含Design设计文件):不规则窗体

 

原文出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/SkyD/archive/2008/07/13/1242044.html

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