AndroidAnnotations快速开发框架

转载 2015年07月08日 13:49:56


     文章中有eclipse配置步骤,Android 最火快速开发框架AndroidAnnotations简介文章中的简单介绍,本篇注重讲解AndroidAnnotations中注解方法的使用。


官方地址:http://androidannotations.org/

Githup:https://github.com/excilys/androidannotations/wiki/Configuration


@EActivity

 示例:

@EActivity(R.layout.main)
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

}
@fragment

示例:

@EFragment(R.layout.my_fragment_layout)
public class MyFragment extends Fragment {
}
注册:

<fragment
        android:id="@+id/myFragment"
        android:name="com.company.MyFragment_"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent" />

创建:

MyFragment fragment = new MyFragment_();

普通类:

@EBean
public class MyClass {

}


注意:这个类必须仅仅只能有一个构造函数,参数最多有一个context。

Activity中使用:

@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @Bean
  MyOtherClass myOtherClass;

}

也可以用来声明接口:

@Bean(MyImplementation.class)
    MyInterface myInterface;

在普通类中还可以注入根环境:

@EBean
public class MyClass {

  @RootContext
  Context context;

  // Only injected if the root context is an activity
  @RootContext
  Activity activity;

  // Only injected if the root context is a service
  @RootContext
  Service service;

  // Only injected if the root context is an instance of MyActivity
  @RootContext
  MyActivity myActivity;

}

如果想在类创建时期做一些操作可以:

@AfterInject
  public void doSomethingAfterInjection() {
    // notificationManager and dependency are set
  }

单例类需要如下声明:

@EBean(scope = Scope.Singleton)
public class MySingleton {

}

注意:在单例类里面不可以注入view和事件绑定,因为单例的生命周期比Activity和Service的要长,以免发生内存溢出。

@EView

@EView
public class CustomButton extends Button {

        @App
        MyApplication application;

        @StringRes
        String someStringResource;

    public CustomButton(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }
}


注册:

<com.androidannotations.view.CustomButton_
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

创建:

CustomButton button = CustomButton_.build(context);


@EViewGroup

@EViewGroup(R.layout.title_with_subtitle)
public class TitleWithSubtitle extends RelativeLayout {

    @ViewById
    protected TextView title, subtitle;

    public TitleWithSubtitle(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    public void setTexts(String titleText, String subTitleText) {
        title.setText(titleText);
        subtitle.setText(subTitleText);
    }

}

注册:

<com.androidannotations.viewgroup.TitleWithSubtitle_
        android:id="@+id/firstTitle"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

@EApplication

@EApplication
public class MyApplication extends Application {

}

Activity中使用:
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @App
  MyApplication application;

}

@EService
@EService
public class MyService extends Service {

}

跳转service:
MyService_.intent(getApplication()).start();

停止service:
MyService_.intent(getApplication()).stop();

@EReceiver
@EReceiver
public class MyReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {

}

@Receiver
可以替代声明BroadcastReceiver
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @Receiver(actions = "org.androidannotations.ACTION_1")
  protected void onAction1() {

  }

}

@EProvider
@EProvider
public class MyContentProvider extends ContentProvider {

}

@ViewById
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  // Injects R.id.myEditText,变量名称必须和布局的id名称一致
  @ViewById
  EditText myEditText;

  @ViewById(R.id.myTextView)
  TextView textView;
}

@AfterViews
@EActivity(R.layout.main)
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

    @ViewById
    TextView myTextView;

    @AfterViews
    void updateTextWithDate() {
//一定要在这里进行view的一些设置,不要在oncreate()中设置,因为oncreate()在执行时 view还没有注入
myTextView.setText("Date: " + new Date()); }[...]

@StringRes
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @StringRes(R.string.hello)
  String myHelloString;//不能设置成私有变量

  @StringRes
  String hello;

}

@ColorRes
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @ColorRes(R.color.backgroundColor)
  int someColor;

  @ColorRes
  int backgroundColor;

}

@AnimationRes
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @AnimationRes(R.anim.fadein)
  XmlResourceParser xmlResAnim;

  @AnimationRes
  Animation fadein;

}

@DimensionRes
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @DimensionRes(R.dimen.fontsize)
  float fontSizeDimension;

  @DimensionRes
  float fontsize;

}

@DImensionPixelOffsetRes
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @DimensionPixelOffsetRes(R.string.fontsize)
  int fontSizeDimension;

  @DimensionPixelOffsetRes
  int fontsize;

}

@DimensionPixelSizeRes
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @DimensionPixelSizeRes(R.string.fontsize)
  int fontSizeDimension;

  @DimensionPixelSizeRes
  int fontsize;

}

其他的Res:
  • @BooleanRes
  • @ColorStateListRes
  • @DrawableRes
  • @IntArrayRes
  • @IntegerRes
  • @LayoutRes
  • @MovieRes
  • @TextRes
  • @TextArrayRes
  • @StringArrayRes

@Extra
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @Extra("myStringExtra")
  String myMessage;

  @Extra("myDateExtra")
  Date myDateExtraWithDefaultValue = new Date();

}

或者:
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  // The name of the extra will be "myMessage",名字必须一致
  @Extra
  String myMessage;
}

传值:
MyActivity_.intent().myMessage("hello").start() ;

@SystemService
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {//
  @SystemService
  NotificationManager notificationManager;

}

@HtmlRes
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  // Injects R.string.hello_html
  @HtmlRes(R.string.hello_html)
  Spanned myHelloString;

  // Also injects R.string.hello_html
  @HtmlRes
  CharSequence helloHtml;

}

@FromHtml
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {//必须用在TextView

  @ViewById(R.id.my_text_view)
  @FromHtml(R.string.hello_html)
  TextView textView;

  // Injects R.string.hello_html into the R.id.hello_html view
  @ViewById
  @FromHtml
  TextView helloHtml;

}

@NonConfigurationInstance
public class MyActivity extends Activity {//等同于 Activity.onRetainNonConfigurationInstance()

  @NonConfigurationInstance
  Bitmap someBitmap;

  @NonConfigurationInstance
  @Bean
  MyBackgroundTask myBackgroundTask;

}

@HttpsClient
@HttpsClient
HttpClient httpsClient;

示例:
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

    @HttpsClient(trustStore=R.raw.cacerts,
        trustStorePwd="changeit", 
        hostnameVerif=true)
    HttpClient httpsClient;

    @AfterInject
    @Background
    public void securedRequest() {
        try {
            HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("https://www.verisign.com/");
            HttpResponse response = httpsClient.execute(httpget);
            doSomethingWithResponse(response);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    @UiThread
    public void doSomethingWithResponse(HttpResponse resp) {
        Toast.makeText(this, "HTTP status " + resp.getStatusLine().getStatusCode(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
    }
}

@FragmentArg
@EFragment
public class MyFragment extends Fragment {//等同于 Fragment Argument

  @FragmentArg("myStringArgument")
  String myMessage;

  @FragmentArg
  String anotherStringArgument;

  @FragmentArg("myDateExtra")
  Date myDateArgumentWithDefaultValue = new Date();

}
MyFragment myFragment = MyFragment_.builder()
  .myMessage("Hello")
  .anotherStringArgument("World")
  .build();

@Click
@Click(R.id.myButton)
void myButtonWasClicked() {
    [...]
}
@Click
void anotherButton() {//如果不指定则函数名和id对应
    [...]
}
@Click
void yetAnotherButton(View clickedView) {
    [...]
}

其他点击事件:
  • Clicks with @Click
  • Long clicks with @LongClick
  • Touches with @Touch

AdapterViewEvents 

  • Item clicks with @ItemClick
  • Long item clicks with @ItemLongClick
  • Item selection with @ItemSelect
有两种方式调用:
1.
@EActivity(R.layout.my_list)
public class MyListActivity extends Activity {

    // ...

    @ItemClick
    public void myListItemClicked(MyItem clickedItem) {//MyItem是adapter的实体类,等同于adapter.getItem(position)

    }

    @ItemLongClick
    public void myListItemLongClicked(MyItem clickedItem) {

    }

    @ItemSelect
    public void myListItemSelected(boolean selected, MyItem selectedItem) {

    }

}

2.
@EActivity(R.layout.my_list)
public class MyListActivity extends Activity {

    // ...

    @ItemClick
    public void myListItemClicked(int position) {//位置id

    }

    @ItemLongClick
    public void myListItemLongClicked(int position) {

    }

    @ItemSelect
    public void myListItemSelected(boolean selected, int position) {

    }

}

@SeekBarProgressChange
//等同于SeekBar.OnSeekBarChangeListener.onProgressChanged(SeekBar, int, boolean)
@SeekBarProgressChange(R.id.seekBar)
 void onProgressChangeOnSeekBar(SeekBar seekBar, int progress, boolean fromUser) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @SeekBarProgressChange(R.id.seekBar)
 void onProgressChangeOnSeekBar(SeekBar seekBar, int progress) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @SeekBarProgressChange({R.id.seekBar1, R.id.seekBar2})
 void onProgressChangeOnSeekBar(SeekBar seekBar) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @SeekBarProgressChange({R.id.seekBar1, R.id.seekBar2})
 void onProgressChangeOnSeekBar() {
    // Something Here
 }@SeekBarTouchStart and @SeekBarTouchStop

@SeekBarTouchStart 和 @SeekBarTouchStop
接受开始和结束事件的监听

@TextChange
@TextChange(R.id.helloTextView)
 void onTextChangesOnHelloTextView(CharSequence text, TextView hello, int before, int start, int count) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @TextChange
 void helloTextViewTextChanged(TextView hello) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @TextChange({R.id.editText, R.id.helloTextView})
 void onTextChangesOnSomeTextViews(TextView tv, CharSequence text) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @TextChange(R.id.helloTextView)
 void onTextChangesOnHelloTextView() {
    // Something Here
 }

@BeforeTextChange
@BeforeTextChange(R.id.helloTextView)
 void beforeTextChangedOnHelloTextView(TextView hello, CharSequence text, int start, int count, int after) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @BeforeTextChange
 void helloTextViewBeforeTextChanged(TextView hello) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @BeforeTextChange({R.id.editText, R.id.helloTextView})
 void beforeTextChangedOnSomeTextViews(TextView tv, CharSequence text) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @BeforeTextChange(R.id.helloTextView)
 void beforeTextChangedOnHelloTextView() {
    // Something Here
 }

@AfterTextChange
@AfterTextChange(R.id.helloTextView)
 void afterTextChangedOnHelloTextView(Editable text, TextView hello) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @AfterTextChange
 void helloTextViewAfterTextChanged(TextView hello) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @AfterTextChange({R.id.editText, R.id.helloTextView})
 void afterTextChangedOnSomeTextViews(TextView tv, Editable text) {
    // Something Here
 }

 @AfterTextChange(R.id.helloTextView)
 void afterTextChangedOnHelloTextView() {
    // Something Here
 }

@OptionsMenu和OptionsItem
@EActivity
@OptionsMenu(R.menu.my_menu)
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

    @OptionMenuItem
    MenuItem menuSearch;

    @OptionsItem(R.id.menuShare)
        void myMethod() {
          // You can specify the ID in the annotation, or use the naming convention
        }

    @OptionsItem
    void homeSelected() {
      // home was selected in the action bar
          // The "Selected" keyword is optional
    }

    @OptionsItem
    boolean menuSearch() {
          menuSearch.setVisible(false);
          // menuSearch was selected
          // the return type may be void or boolean (false to allow normal menu processing to proceed, true to consume it here)
          return true;
    }

    @OptionsItem({ R.id.menu_search, R.id.menu_delete })
    void multipleMenuItems() {
      // You can specify multiple menu item IDs in @OptionsItem
    }

    @OptionsItem
    void menu_add(MenuItem item) {
      // You can add a MenuItem parameter to access it
    }
}

或者:
@EActivity
@OptionsMenu({R.menu.my_menu1, R.menu.my_menu2})
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

}

@Background
执行:
void myMethod() {
    someBackgroundWork("hello", 42);
}

@Background
void someBackgroundWork(String aParam, long anotherParam) {
    [...]
}

取消:
void myMethod() {
    someCancellableBackground("hello", 42);
    [...]
    boolean mayInterruptIfRunning = true;
    BackgroundExecutor.cancelAll("cancellable_task", mayInterruptIfRunning);
}

@Background(id="cancellable_task")
void someCancellableBackground(String aParam, long anotherParam) {
    [...]
}

非并发执行:
void myMethod() {
    for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)
        someSequentialBackgroundMethod(i);
}

@Background(serial = "test")
void someSequentialBackgroundMethod(int i) {
    SystemClock.sleep(new Random().nextInt(2000)+1000);
    Log.d("AA", "value : " + i);
}

延迟:
@Background(delay=2000)
void doInBackgroundAfterTwoSeconds() {
}

@UiThread
UI线程:
void myMethod() {
    doInUiThread("hello", 42);
}

@UiThread
void doInUiThread(String aParam, long anotherParam) {
    [...]
}

延迟:
@UiThread(delay=2000)
void doInUiThreadAfterTwoSeconds() {
}

优化UI线程:
@UiThread(propagation = Propagation.REUSE)
void runInSameThreadIfOnUiThread() {
}

进度值改变:
@EActivity
public class MyActivity extends Activity {

  @Background
  void doSomeStuffInBackground() {
    publishProgress(0);
    // Do some stuff
    publishProgress(10);
    // Do some stuff
    publishProgress(100);
  }

  @UiThread
  void publishProgress(int progress) {
    // Update progress views
  }

}

@OnActivityResult
@OnActivityResult(REQUEST_CODE)
 void onResult(int resultCode, Intent data) {
 }

 @OnActivityResult(REQUEST_CODE)
 void onResult(int resultCode) {
 }

 @OnActivityResult(ANOTHER_REQUEST_CODE)
 void onResult(Intent data) {
 }

 @OnActivityResult(ANOTHER_REQUEST_CODE)
 void onResult() {
 }

以上的注释用法基本包含了平常程序中的事件绑定,用AndroidAnnotations框架可以专注于做逻辑开发,最主要是简化代码编写,容易维护。

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