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Json转换利器Gson之实例一-简单对象转化和带泛型的List转化

标签: gson
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Gson 是 Google 提供的用来在 Java 对象和 JSON 数据之间进行映射的 Java 类库。可以将一个 JSON 字符串转成一个 Java 对象,或者反过来。

jar和源码下载地址: http://code.google.com/p/google-gson/downloads/list

实体类:

[java] view plain copy

[java] view plain copy
public class Student {
private int id;
private String name;
private Date birthDay;

public int getId() {  
    return id;  
}  

public void setId(int id) {  
    this.id = id;  
}  

public String getName() {  
    return name;  
}  

public void setName(String name) {  
    this.name = name;  
}  

public Date getBirthDay() {  
    return birthDay;  
}  

public void setBirthDay(Date birthDay) {  
    this.birthDay = birthDay;  
}  

@Override  
public String toString() {  
    return "Student [birthDay=" + birthDay + ", id=" + id + ", name="  
            + name + "]";  
}  

}

测试类:

[html] view plain copy
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;

import com.google.gson.Gson;
import com.google.gson.reflect.TypeToken;

public class GsonTest1 {

public static void main(String[] args) {  
    Gson gson = new Gson();  

    Student student1 = new Student();  
    student1.setId(1);  
    student1.setName("李坤");  
    student1.setBirthDay(new Date());  

    // //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////  
    System.out.println("----------简单对象之间的转化-------------");  
    // 简单的bean转为json  
    String s1 = gson.toJson(student1);  
    System.out.println("简单Bean转化为Json===" + s1);  

    // json转为简单Bean  
    Student student = gson.fromJson(s1, Student.class);  
    System.out.println("Json转为简单Bean===" + student);  
    // 结果:  
    // 简单Bean转化为Json==={"id":1,"name":"李坤","birthDay":"Jun 22, 2012 8:27:52 AM"}  
    // Json转为简单Bean===Student [birthDay=Fri Jun 22 08:27:52 CST 2012, id=1,  
    // name=李坤]  
    // //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////  

    Student student2 = new Student();  
    student2.setId(2);  
    student2.setName("曹贵生");  
    student2.setBirthDay(new Date());  

    Student student3 = new Student();  
    student3.setId(3);  
    student3.setName("柳波");  
    student3.setBirthDay(new Date());  

    List<Student> list = new ArrayList<Student>();  
    list.add(student1);  
    list.add(student2);  
    list.add(student3);  

    System.out.println("----------带泛型的List之间的转化-------------");  
    // 带泛型的list转化为json  
    String s2 = gson.toJson(list);  
    System.out.println("带泛型的list转化为json==" + s2);  

    // json转为带泛型的list  
    List<Student> retList = gson.fromJson(s2,  
            new TypeToken<List<Student>>() {  
            }.getType());  
    for (Student stu : retList) {  
        System.out.println(stu);  
    }  

    // 结果:  
    // 带泛型的list转化为json==[{"id":1,"name":"李坤","birthDay":"Jun 22, 2012 8:28:52 AM"},{"id":2,"name":"曹贵生","birthDay":"Jun 22, 2012 8:28:52 AM"},{"id":3,"name":"柳波","birthDay":"Jun 22, 2012 8:28:52 AM"}]  
    // Student [birthDay=Fri Jun 22 08:28:52 CST 2012, id=1, name=李坤]  
    // Student [birthDay=Fri Jun 22 08:28:52 CST 2012, id=2, name=曹贵生]  
    // Student [birthDay=Fri Jun 22 08:28:52 CST 2012, id=3, name=柳波]  

}  

}

执行结果:

[plain] view plain copy
———-简单对象之间的转化————-
简单Bean转化为Json==={“id”:1,”name”:”李坤”,”birthDay”:”Jun 22, 2012 9:10:31 PM”}
Json转为简单Bean===Student [birthDay=Fri Jun 22 21:10:31 CST 2012, id=1, name=李坤]
———-带泛型的List之间的转化————-
带泛型的list转化为json==[{“id”:1,”name”:”李坤”,”birthDay”:”Jun 22, 2012 9:10:31 PM”},{“id”:2,”name”:”曹贵生”,”birthDay”:”Jun 22, 2012 9:10:31 PM”},{“id”:3,”name”:”柳波”,”birthDay”:”Jun 22, 2012 9:10:31 PM”}]
Student [birthDay=Fri Jun 22 21:10:31 CST 2012, id=1, name=李坤]
Student [birthDay=Fri Jun 22 21:10:31 CST 2012, id=2, name=曹贵生]
Student [birthDay=Fri Jun 22 21:10:31 CST 2012, id=3, name=柳波]

Json转换利器Gson之实例一-简单对象转化和带泛型的List转化 (http://blog.csdn.net/lk_blog/article/details/7685169)
Json转换利器Gson之实例二-Gson注解和GsonBuilder (http://blog.csdn.net/lk_blog/article/details/7685190)
Json转换利器Gson之实例三-Map处理(上) (http://blog.csdn.net/lk_blog/article/details/7685210)
Json转换利器Gson之实例四-Map处理(下) (http://blog.csdn.net/lk_blog/article/details/7685224)
Json转换利器Gson之实例五-实际开发中的特殊需求处理 (http://blog.csdn.net/lk_blog/article/details/7685237)
Json转换利器Gson之实例六-注册TypeAdapter及处理Enum类型 (http://blog.csdn.net/lk_blog/article/details/7685347)

实例代码下载: http://download.csdn.net/detail/lk_blog/4387822

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