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嵌入式LED驱动程序(韦东山板子)

标签: 嵌入式led驱动
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#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/arch/regs-gpio.h>
#include <asm/hardware.h>

static struct class *firstdrv_class;
static struct class_device	*firstdrv_class_dev;

volatile unsigned long *gpfcon = NULL;
volatile unsigned long *gpfdat = NULL;


static int first_drv_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	//printk("first_drv_open\n");
	/* 配置GPF4,5,6为输出 */
	*gpfcon &= ~((0x3<<(4*2)) | (0x3<<(5*2)) | (0x3<<(6*2)));  //先清零
	*gpfcon |= ((0x1<<(4*2)) | (0x1<<(5*2)) | (0x1<<(6*2)));   //再把每位设为01,output
	return 0;
}

static ssize_t first_drv_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t * ppos)
{
	int val;

	//printk("first_drv_write\n");

	copy_from_user(&val, buf, count);  //从用户空间向内核空间传递数据,得到应用程序write(fd, &val, 4)中的val值
	                          //	copy_to_user();

	if (val == 1)
	{
		// 点灯
		*gpfdat &= ~((1<<4) | (1<<5) | (1<<6));
	}
	else
	{
		// 灭灯
		*gpfdat |= (1<<4) | (1<<5) | (1<<6);
	}
	
	return 0;
}

static struct file_operations first_drv_fops = {
    .owner  =   THIS_MODULE,    /* 这是一个宏,推向编译模块时自动创建的__this_module变量 */
    .open   =   first_drv_open,     
	.write	=	first_drv_write,	   
};


int major;
static int first_drv_init(void)
{
	major = register_chrdev(0, "first_drv", &first_drv_fops); // 注册, 告诉内核

	firstdrv_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "firstdrv");   //创建一个类

	firstdrv_class_dev = class_device_create(firstdrv_class, NULL, MKDEV(major, 0), NULL, "xyz"); /* /dev/xyz 建立设备*/

	gpfcon = (volatile unsigned long *)ioremap(0x56000050, 16);   //从0x56000050开始映射16个字节到gpfcon
	gpfdat = gpfcon + 1;   //+1是按照指针类型的,long占4个字节

	return 0;
}

static void first_drv_exit(void)
{
	unregister_chrdev(major, "first_drv"); // 卸载

	class_device_unregister(firstdrv_class_dev);
	class_destroy(firstdrv_class);      //销毁类
	iounmap(gpfcon);
}

module_init(first_drv_init);
module_exit(first_drv_exit);


MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");



测试程序:

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>

/* firstdrvtest on
  * firstdrvtest off
  */
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int fd;
	int val = 1;
	fd = open("/dev/xyz", O_RDWR);   //打开设备,设备在驱动里建立好
	if (fd < 0)
	{
		printf("can't open!\n");
	}
	if (argc != 2)   
	{
		printf("Usage :\n");
		printf("%s <on|off>\n", argv[0]);
		return 0;
	}

	if (strcmp(argv[1], "on") == 0)
	{
		val  = 1;
	}
	else
	{
		val = 0;
	}
	
	write(fd, &val, 4);  //对应驱动程序的first_drv_write(file,buf,count)函数
	return 0;
}


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