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中断按键驱动程序

标签: 按键驱动
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#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/arch/regs-gpio.h>
#include <asm/hardware.h>


static struct class *thirddrv_class;
static struct class_device	*thirddrv_class_dev;

volatile unsigned long *gpfcon;
volatile unsigned long *gpfdat;

volatile unsigned long *gpgcon;
volatile unsigned long *gpgdat;


static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(button_waitq);

/* 中断事件标志, 中断服务程序将它置1,third_drv_read将它清0 */
static volatile int ev_press = 0;


struct pin_desc{
	unsigned int pin;
	unsigned int key_val;
};



static unsigned char key_val;

struct pin_desc pins_desc[4] = {
	{S3C2410_GPF0, 0x01},
	{S3C2410_GPF2, 0x02},
	{S3C2410_GPG3, 0x03},
	{S3C2410_GPG11, 0x04},
};


/*
  * 确定按键值
  */
static irqreturn_t buttons_irq(int irq, void *dev_id)   //当发生中断时,把&pins_desc[0]传入
{
	struct pin_desc * pindesc = (struct pin_desc *)dev_id;
	unsigned int pinval;
	
	pinval = s3c2410_gpio_getpin(pindesc->pin); //内核函数,可得到输入引脚状态,eg:S3C2410_GPG3 

/* 键值: 按下时, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04 */
/* 键值: 松开时, 0x81, 0x82, 0x83, 0x84 */
	if (pinval)
	{
		/* 松开 */
		key_val = 0x80 | pindesc->key_val;
	}
	else
	{
		/* 按下 */
		key_val = pindesc->key_val;
	}

    ev_press = 1;                  /* 表示中断发生了 */
    wake_up_interruptible(&button_waitq);   /* 唤醒休眠的进程 */

	
	return IRQ_RETVAL(IRQ_HANDLED);
}

static int third_drv_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	/* 配置GPF0,2为输入引脚 */
	/* 配置GPG3,11为输入引脚 */
	//                                   上升沿、下降沿都能触发  设备ID
	request_irq(IRQ_EINT0,  buttons_irq, IRQT_BOTHEDGE, "S2", &pins_desc[0]); //  request_irq(irq,hander,flags,name,dev_id)
	request_irq(IRQ_EINT2,  buttons_irq, IRQT_BOTHEDGE, "S3", &pins_desc[1]);
	request_irq(IRQ_EINT11, buttons_irq, IRQT_BOTHEDGE, "S4", &pins_desc[2]);
	request_irq(IRQ_EINT19, buttons_irq, IRQT_BOTHEDGE, "S5", &pins_desc[3]);	

	return 0;
}

ssize_t third_drv_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t size, loff_t *ppos)
{
	if (size != 1)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* 如果没有按键动作, 休眠 */
	wait_event_interruptible(button_waitq, ev_press);  //ev_press=0要休眠

	/* 如果有按键动作, 返回键值 */
	copy_to_user(buf, &key_val, 1);
	ev_press = 0;
	
	return 1;
}


int third_drv_close(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	free_irq(IRQ_EINT0, &pins_desc[0]);
	free_irq(IRQ_EINT2, &pins_desc[1]);
	free_irq(IRQ_EINT11, &pins_desc[2]);
	free_irq(IRQ_EINT19, &pins_desc[3]);
	return 0;
}


static struct file_operations sencod_drv_fops = {
    .owner   =  THIS_MODULE,    /* 这是一个宏,推向编译模块时自动创建的__this_module变量 */
    .open    =  third_drv_open,     
	.read	 =	third_drv_read,	   
	.release =  third_drv_close,	   
};


int major;
static int third_drv_init(void)
{
	major = register_chrdev(0, "third_drv", &sencod_drv_fops);

	thirddrv_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "third_drv");

	thirddrv_class_dev = class_device_create(thirddrv_class, NULL, MKDEV(major, 0), NULL, "buttons"); /* /dev/buttons */

	gpfcon = (volatile unsigned long *)ioremap(0x56000050, 16);
	gpfdat = gpfcon + 1;

	gpgcon = (volatile unsigned long *)ioremap(0x56000060, 16);
	gpgdat = gpgcon + 1;

	return 0;
}

static void third_drv_exit(void)
{
	unregister_chrdev(major, "third_drv");
	class_device_unregister(thirddrv_class_dev);
	class_destroy(thirddrv_class);
	iounmap(gpfcon);
	iounmap(gpgcon);
	return 0;
}


module_init(third_drv_init);

module_exit(third_drv_exit);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");


测试程序:

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <stdio.h>

/* thirddrvtest 
  */
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int fd;
	unsigned char key_val;
	
	fd = open("/dev/buttons", O_RDWR);
	if (fd < 0)
	{
		printf("can't open!\n");
	}

	while (1)
	{
		read(fd, &key_val, 1);
		printf("key_val = 0x%x\n", key_val);
	}
	
	return 0;
}

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