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UICollectionView基础

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初始化部分:

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UICollectionViewFlowLayout *flowLayout= [[UICollectionViewFlowLayout alloc]init];
self.myCollectionView = [[UICollectionView alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(20, 20, 250, 350) collectionViewLayout:flowLayout];
self.myCollectionView.backgroundColor = [UIColor grayColor];
[self.myCollectionView registerClass:[UICollectionViewCell class] forCellWithReuseIdentifier:@“myCell"];
self.myCollectionView.delegate = self;
self.myCollectionView.dataSource = self;

[self.view addSubview:self.myCollectionView];
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UICollectionViewLayout

UICollectionViewLayout决定了UICollectionView如何显示在界面上,Apple提供了一个最简单的默认layout对象:UICollectionViewFlowLayout。

Flow Layout是一个Cells的线性布局方案,并具有页面和页脚。其可定制的内容如下:

itemSize属性

设定全局的Cell尺寸,如果想要单独定义某个Cell的尺寸,可以使用下面方法:

- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

minimumLineSpacing属性

设定全局的行间距,如果想要设定指定区内Cell的最小行距,可以使用下面方法:

- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)collectionViewLayout minimumLineSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section

minimumInteritemSpacing属性

设定全局的Cell间距,如果想要设定指定区内Cell的最小间距,可以使用下面方法:

- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section;

scrollDirection属性

设定滚动方向,有UICollectionViewScrollDirectionVerticalUICollectionViewScrollDirectionHorizontal两个值。

headerReferenceSize属性与footerReferenceSize属性

设定页眉和页脚的全局尺寸,需要注意的是,根据滚动方向不同,header和footer的width和height中只有一个会起作用。如果要单独设置指定区内的页面和页脚尺寸,可以使用下面方法:

- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout referenceSizeForHeaderInSection:(NSInteger)section

- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout referenceSizeForFooterInSection:(NSInteger)section

sectionInset属性

设定全局的区内边距,如果想要设定指定区的内边距,可以使用下面方法:

- (UIEdgeInsets)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout insetForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section;


 

然后需要实现三种类型的委托:UICollectionViewDataSource, UICollectionViewDelagate和UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout

@interface ViewController : UIViewController <UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout, UICollectionViewDataSource>

因为UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout实际上是UICollectionViewDelegate的一个子协议,它继承了UICollectionViewDelegate,所以只需要在声明处写上UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout就行了。


 

UICollectionViewDataSource

- (NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInCollectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView

返回collection view里区(section)的个数,如果没有实现该方法,将默认返回1:

- (NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInCollectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView
{
    return 2;
}

 

- (NSInteger)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView numberOfItemsInSection:(NSInteger)section

返回指定区(section)包含的数据源条目数(number of items),该方法必须实现:

- (NSInteger)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView numberOfItemsInSection:(NSInteger)section
{
    return 7;
}

 

- (UICollectionViewCell *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

返回某个indexPath对应的cell,该方法必须实现:

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- (UICollectionViewCell *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    UICollectionViewCell *cell = [collectionView dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"myCell" forIndexPath:indexPath];
    if(indexPath.section==0)
    {
        cell.backgroundColor = [UIColor redColor];
    }
    else if(indexPath.section==1)
    {
        cell.backgroundColor = [UIColor greenColor];
    }
    return cell;
}
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UICollectionViewCell结构上相对比较简单,由下至上:

  • 首先是cell本身作为容器view
  • 然后是一个大小自动适应整个cell的backgroundView,用作cell平时的背景
  • 再其次是selectedBackgroundView,是cell被选中时的背景
  • 最后是一个contentView,自定义内容应被加在这个view

 

- (UICollectionReusableView *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView viewForSupplementaryElementOfKind:(NSString *)kind atIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

为collection view添加一个补充视图(页眉或页脚)

 

- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout referenceSizeForHeaderInSection:(NSInteger)section

设定页眉的尺寸

 

- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout referenceSizeForFooterInSection:(NSInteger)section

设定页脚的尺寸

 

- (void)registerClass:(Class)viewClass forSupplementaryViewOfKind:(NSString *)elementKind withReuseIdentifier:(NSString *)identifier

添加页眉和页脚以前需要注册类和标识:


 

添加补充视图的代码示例:

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[self.myCollectionView registerClass:[MyHeadView class] forSupplementaryViewOfKind:UICollectionElementKindSectionHeader withReuseIdentifier:@"hxwHeader"];
[self.myCollectionView registerClass:[MyHeadView class] forSupplementaryViewOfKind:UICollectionElementKindSectionFooter withReuseIdentifier:@"hxwHeader"];

-(CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)collectionViewLayout referenceSizeForHeaderInSection:(NSInteger)section
{
    CGSize size = {240,25};
    return size;
}

-(CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)collectionViewLayout referenceSizeForFooterInSection:(NSInteger)section
{
    CGSize size = {240,25};
    return size;
}

- (UICollectionReusableView *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView viewForSupplementaryElementOfKind:(NSString *)kind atIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    MyHeadView *headView;
    
    if([kind isEqual:UICollectionElementKindSectionHeader])
    {
         headView = [collectionView dequeueReusableSupplementaryViewOfKind:UICollectionElementKindSectionHeader withReuseIdentifier:@"hxwHeader" forIndexPath:indexPath];
        [headView setLabelText:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"section %d's header",indexPath.section]];
    }
    else if([kind isEqual:UICollectionElementKindSectionFooter])
    {
        headView = [collectionView dequeueReusableSupplementaryViewOfKind:UICollectionElementKindSectionFooter withReuseIdentifier:@"hxwHeader" forIndexPath:indexPath];
        [headView setLabelText:[NSString stringWithFormat:@"section %d's footer",indexPath.section]];
    }
    return headView;
}
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MyHeadView.h

#import <UIKit/UIKit.h>

@interface MyHeadView : UICollectionReusableView
- (void) setLabelText:(NSString *)text;
@end

 

MyHeadView.m

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#import "MyHeadView.h"

@interface MyHeadView()

@property (strong, nonatomic) UILabel *label;

@end

@implementation MyHeadView

- (id)initWithFrame:(CGRect)frame
{
    self = [super initWithFrame:frame];
    if (self)
    {
        self.label = [[UILabel alloc] init];
        self.label.font = [UIFont systemFontOfSize:18];
        [self addSubview:self.label];
    }
    return self;
}

- (void) setLabelText:(NSString *)text
{
    self.label.text = text;
    [self.label sizeToFit];
}

@end
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在注册Cell和补充视图时,也可以用新建xib文件的方式:

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[self.myCollectionView registerNib:[UINib nibWithNibName:@"MyCollectionCell" bundle:nil] forCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"hxwCell"];

[self.myCollectionView registerNib:[UINib nibWithNibName:@"MySupplementaryView" bundle:nil] forSupplementaryViewOfKind:UICollectionElementKindSectionHeader withReuseIdentifier:@"hxwHeader"];
    
[self.myCollectionView registerNib:[UINib nibWithNibName:@"MySupplementaryView" bundle:nil] forSupplementaryViewOfKind:UICollectionElementKindSectionFooter withReuseIdentifier:@"hxwFooter"];
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用这种方式注册后,甚至可以不用新建类去绑定这个xib,直接通过viewWithTag的方式获取xib里的控件:

UICollectionReusableView *view =  [collectionView dequeueReusableSupplementaryViewOfKind :kind withReuseIdentifier:@"hxwHeader" forIndexPath:indexPath];

UILabel *label = (UILabel *)[view viewWithTag:1];

label.text = @"empty";

 


 

UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout

- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

设定指定Cell的尺寸

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- (CGSize)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)collectionViewLayout sizeForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    if(indexPath.section==0 && indexPath.row==1)
    {
        return CGSizeMake(50, 50);
    }
    else
    {
        return CGSizeMake(75, 30);
    }
}
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- (UIEdgeInsets)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout insetForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section;

设定collectionView(指定区)的边距

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- (UIEdgeInsets)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)collectionViewLayout insetForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section
{
    if(section==0)
    {
        return UIEdgeInsetsMake(35, 25, 15, 25);
    }
    else
    {
        return UIEdgeInsetsMake(15, 15, 15, 15);
    }
}
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- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout *)collectionViewLayout minimumLineSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section

设定指定区内Cell的最小行距,也可以直接设置UICollectionViewFlowLayout的minimumLineSpacing属性

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- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout minimumLineSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section
{
    if(section==0)
    {
        return 10.0;
    }
    else
    {
        return 20.0;
    }
}
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- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section;

设定指定区内Cell的最小间距,也可以直接设置UICollectionViewFlowLayoutminimumInteritemSpacing属性

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- (CGFloat)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView layout:(UICollectionViewLayout*)collectionViewLayout minimumInteritemSpacingForSectionAtIndex:(NSInteger)section
{
    if(section==0)
    {
        return 10.0;
    }
    else
    {
        return 20.0;
    }
}
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UICollectionViewDelegate

- (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView didSelectItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

当指定indexPath处的item被选择时触发

- (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView didSelectItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
[self.myArray removeObjectAtIndex:indexPath.row];

[collectionView deleteItemsAtIndexPaths:[NSArray arrayWithObject:indexPath]];
}

P.s. 当你删除或添加元素时,一定要更新numberOfItemsInSection的返回情况。

 

- (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView didDeselectItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

当指定indexPath处的item被取消选择时触发,仅在允许多选时被调用

 

下面是三个和高亮有关的方法:

- (BOOL)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView shouldHighlightItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

- (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView didHighlightItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

- (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView didUnhighlightItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath

 

事件的处理顺序如下:

  1. 手指按下
  2. shouldHighlightItemAtIndexPath (如果返回YES则向下执行,否则执行到这里为止)
  3. didHighlightItemAtIndexPath (高亮)
  4. 手指松开
  5. didUnhighlightItemAtIndexPath (取消高亮)
  6. shouldSelectItemAtIndexPath (如果返回YES则向下执行,否则执行到这里为止)
  7. didSelectItemAtIndexPath (执行选择事件)

如果只是简单实现点击后cell改变显示状态,只需要在cellForItemAtIndexPath方法里返回cell时,指定cell的selectedBackgroundView:

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- (UICollectionViewCell *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    UICollectionViewCell *cell = [collectionView dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"myCell" forIndexPath:indexPath];
    
    UIView* selectedBGView = [[UIView alloc] initWithFrame:cell.bounds];
    selectedBGView.backgroundColor = [UIColor blueColor];
    cell.selectedBackgroundView = selectedBGView;
    
    return cell;
}
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如果要实现点击时(手指未松开)的显示状态与点击后(手指松开)的显示状态,则需要通过上面提到的方法来实现:

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- (BOOL)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView shouldHighlightItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    return YES;
}

- (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)colView didHighlightItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    UICollectionViewCell* cell = [colView cellForItemAtIndexPath:indexPath];
    
    [cell setBackgroundColor:[UIColor purpleColor]];
}

- (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)colView  didUnhighlightItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath
{
    UICollectionViewCell* cell = [colView cellForItemAtIndexPath:indexPath];
    
    [cell setBackgroundColor:[UIColor yellowColor]];
}
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