# PAT 1040 Pop Sequence (25)（模拟stack）

### 题目

1051. Pop Sequence (25)

100 ms

65536 kB

16000 B

Standard

CHEN, Yue
Given a stack which can keep M numbers at most. Push N numbers in the order of 1, 2, 3, ..., N and pop randomly. You are supposed to tell if a given sequence of numbers is a possible pop sequence of the stack. For example, if M is 5 and N is 7, we can obtain 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 from the stack, but not 3, 2, 1, 7, 5, 6, 4.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains 3 numbers (all no more than 1000): M (the maximum capacity of the stack), N (the length of push sequence), and K (the number of pop sequences to be checked). Then K lines follow, each contains a pop sequence of N numbers. All the numbers in a line are separated by a space.

Output Specification:

For each pop sequence, print in one line "YES" if it is indeed a possible pop sequence of the stack, or "NO" if not.

Sample Input:
5 7 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
3 2 1 7 5 6 4
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
5 6 4 3 7 2 1
1 7 6 5 4 3 2
Sample Output:
YES
NO
NO
YES
NO

### 解题思路

• 1.给定一个限制了大小为mstack，和一个序列1 2 ... N，问你能否依靠这个stack输出给出的例子。
• 2.用stack模拟，共分为俩种情况：
（1）来了一个数，这个数比堆顶元素大。这样，就必须把从比pre（记录之前已经压入堆的最大的元素）+1到这个数的所有元素都压入堆，这时候如果空间不够就报错，否则就模拟一下，在排出堆顶，并更新pre
（2）这个数不比堆顶元素大。那么如果相等，则直接排出就是了，如果小，则先输出这个是不可能的了，则报错。

### 代码

#include<stack>
#include<cstdio>
using namespace std;
int num[1000+5];
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int m,n,k;
scanf("%d %d %d",&m,&n,&k);
while (k--) {
stack<int> a;
for (int i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
scanf("%d",&num[i]);
}
int i;
bool isFindError = false;
int pre = 0;
for (i = 0; i < n; ++i) {
if (!a.empty()) {
//如果大于堆顶
if (a.top()<num[i]) {
//如果空间不够,报错
if (a.size()+num[i]-pre>m) {
printf("NO\n");
isFindError = true;
break;
}else {
//如果空间够，就模拟一下，先压入，再排出堆顶的
for (int j = pre+1; j <= num[i]; ++j) {
a.push(j);
}
pre = a.top();
a.pop();
}
}
//如果小于或等于堆顶
else {
if (a.top()==num[i]) {
a.pop();
}else {
printf("NO\n");
isFindError = true;
break;
}
}
}else {
if (num[i] - pre>m) {
printf("NO\n");
isFindError = true;
break;
}else {
//如果空间够，模拟一下
for (int j = pre + 1; j <= num[i]; ++j) {
a.push(j);
}
pre = a.top();
a.pop();
}

}
}
if (!isFindError) {
printf("YES\n");
}

}

return 0;
}


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