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记录些多而杂的知识,持续更新

标签: uri界面
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摘选自己看,用到的博客地址:
http://blog.csdn.net/wlzf6296149/article/details/8712876

首先,我们先看拨号界面,代码如下:

Intent intent =new Intent();
intent.setAction("android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON");
startActivity(intent);
Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);
startActivity(intent);

两者都行。
但是如果是跳转到应用,使用一下代码:

Intent intent= new Intent("android.intent.action.DIAL");
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");

到通话记录界面:

Intent intent=new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_CALL_BUTTON);
startActivity(intent);  

到联系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);
startActivity(intent);

同理,到应用:

Intent intent= new Intent("com.android.contacts.action.LIST_STREQUENT");
intent.setClassName("com.android.contacts","com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity");  

调用联系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_PICK);
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);
startActivity(intent);   

插入联系人

Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT,
Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts/"+"1"));
startActivity(intent);

到联系人列表界面

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);
            intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/person");
            intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");
            intent.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/raw_contact");
            intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, name);
            intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,company);
            intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, tel);
            intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE, 3);  

到短信界面:

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
                intent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
//              intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://mms-sms/conversations/"));//此为号码
                startActivity(intent);

到应用:

Intent intent = new Intent("android.intent.action.CONVERSATION");
startActivity(intent);  

以下是在网上找到的其他方法:

1.从google搜索内容

Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString")
startActivity(intent);   

2.浏览网页

Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");
Intent it   = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);   

3.显示地图

Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);   

4.路径规划

Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?
f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);
startActivity(it);  

5.拨打电话

Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);
startActivity(it);

uri = Uri.parse("tel:"+number);
intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL,uri);
startActivity(intent);   

其中不同自己试验一下就知道了。

6.调用发短信的程序

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");
it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
startActivity(it);  

uri = Uri.parse("smsto:"+要发送短信的对方的number);
intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO,uri);
startActivity(intent);

mIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
mIntent.putExtra("address", c.getString(c.getColumnIndex(column)));
mIntent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
startActivity(mIntent);    

7.发送短信

Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");
startActivity(it);
String body="this is sms demo";
Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true);
startActivity(mmsintent);

8.发送彩信

Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);
it.setType("image/png");
startActivity(it);
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.append("file://");
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));
// Below extra datas are all optional.
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString());
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent);
startActivity(intent);  

9.发送Email


Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
startActivity(it);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");
it.setType("text/plain");
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));
Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};
String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");
it.setType("message/rfc822");
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));     


Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");
sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));  

10.播放多媒体

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");
it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3");
startActivity(it);
Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(it);   

11.uninstall apk


Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);
startActivity(it);   

12.install apk

Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null);
returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);   
  1. 打开照相机
<1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);
          this.sendBroadcast(i);
    <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();
         String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg";
         fileName = folder + name;
         ContentValues values = new ContentValues();
         values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);
         values.put("_data", fileName);
         values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);
         values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
         values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);
         values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);
         Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(
         MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);   


         Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
         inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);
         startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);   

14.从gallery选取图片


Intent i = new Intent();
i.setType("image/*");
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
startActivityForResult(i, 11);   
  1. 打开录音机
Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);
startActivity(mi);

16.显示应用详细列表

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(it);
//where app_id is the application ID, find the ID
//by clicking on your application on Market home
//page, and notice the ID from the address bar

刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name
也可以 Uri uri = Uri.parse(“market://details?id=”);
这个简单多了

17寻找应用

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
startActivity(it);
//where pkg_name is the full package path for an application

18打开联系人列表

<1>

Intent i = new Intent();
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");
startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);   

<2>

Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);
startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);   

19 打开另一程序

Intent i = new Intent();
ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2",
    "com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch");
i.setComponent(cn);
i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");
startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);

20 添加到短信收件箱

ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();
cv.put("type", "1");
cv.put("address","短信地址");
cv.put("body", "短信内容");
getContentResolver().insert(Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox"), cv);   

21 从sim卡或者联系人中查询

Cursor cursor;
Uri uri;
if (type == 1) {
    Intent intent = new Intent();
    intent.setData(Uri.parse("content://icc/adn"));
    uri = intent.getData();
} else
    uri = People.CONTENT_URI;  
cursor = activity.getContentResolver().query(uri, null, null, null, null);
while (cursor.moveToNext()) {
 int peopleId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People._ID);
 int nameId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NAME);
 int phoneId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NUMBER);
 } 

查看某个联系人,当然这里是ACTION_VIEW,
如果为选择并返回action改为ACTION_PICK,当然处理intent时返回需要用到 startActivityforResult

Uri personUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, ID);
//最后的ID参数为联系人Provider中的数据库BaseID,即哪一行

Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
intent.setData(personUri); startActivity(intent); 

22 删除

uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, 联系人id);
int count = activity.getContentResolver().delete(uri, null, null); 

23 添加到联系人:

ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();
ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation> operationList = new ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation>();
ContentProviderOperation.Builder builder =
ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI);
builder.withValues(cv);
operationList.add(builder.build());
builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);
                    builder.withValueBackReference(StructuredName.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);
builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
builder.withValue(StructuredName.DISPLAY_NAME, "自定义联系人名");
operationList.add(builder.build());
builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);
builder.withValueBackReference(Phone.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);
builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);
builder.withValue(Phone.NUMBER, "联系人的phonenumber");
builder.withValue(Data.IS_PRIMARY, 1);
operationList.add(builder.build());
try {                        getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY, operationList);
} catch (RemoteException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
} catch (OperationApplicationException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}

23 选择一个图片

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
intent.setType("image/*");
startActivityForResult(intent, 0);   

24 调用Android设备的照相机,并设置拍照后存放位置

Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT,
Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment .getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/cwj",
android123 + ".jpg")));
//存放位置为sdcard卡上cwj文件夹,文件名为android123.jpg格式
startActivityForResult(intent, 0);  

25 在market上搜索指定package name,比如搜索com.android123.cwj的写法如下

Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:com.android123.cwj");
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri); startActivity(intent);  

26获取文件信息,并使用相对应软件打开

    private void openFile(File f) {
        Intent intent = new Intent();
        intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
        intent.setAction(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
        String type = getMIMEType(f);
        intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(f), type);
        startActivity(intent);
    }  

    private String getMIMEType(File f) {
        String end = f.getName().substring(f.getName().lastIndexOf(".") + 1,
                f.getName().length()).toLowerCase();
        String type = "";
        if (end.equals("mp3") || end.equals("aac") || end.equals("aac")
                || end.equals("amr") || end.equals("mpeg")
                || end.equals("mp4")) {
            type = "audio";
        } else if (end.equals("jpg") || end.equals("gif")
                || end.equals("png") || end.equals("jpeg")) {
            type = "image";
        } else {
            type = "*";
        }
        type += "/*";
        return type;
    }
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