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Fragment和Activity之间通过广播的方式传递数据

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四大组件之间传递数据可以用广播,但是有次面试官说太重了,用eventbus代替。下面的广播传递数据方法仅当学习参考。

1.管理类

/**
 * 广播管理类:注册广播、注销广播、发送广播
 * @author weizh_000
 * @date 2016-8-29
 */
public class BroadCastManager {

	private static BroadCastManager broadCastManager = new BroadCastManager();

	public static BroadCastManager getInstance() {
		return broadCastManager;
	}

	//注册广播接收者
	public void registerReceiver(Activity activity,
			BroadcastReceiver receiver, IntentFilter filter) {
		activity.registerReceiver(receiver, filter);
	}
	
	//注销广播接收者
	public void unregisterReceiver(Activity activity,
			BroadcastReceiver receiver) {
		activity.unregisterReceiver(receiver);
	}

	//发送广播
	public void sendBroadCast(Activity activity, Intent intent) {
		activity.sendBroadcast(intent);
	}
	
}
2.发送广播

public class MyFragment extends Fragment {

	private String orderid = "85465465";

	@Override
	public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
			Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		
		//发送广播
		Intent intent = new Intent();
		intent.putExtra("order", orderid);
		intent.setAction("fragment_home_left");
		BroadCastManager.getInstance().sendBroadCast(getActivity(), intent);
		
		return super.onCreateView(inflater, container, savedInstanceState);
	}
	
}

3.接收广播

public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity {

	private LocalReceiver mReceiver;


	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
		
		//接收广播
		try {
			IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter();
			filter.addAction("fragment_home_left");
			mReceiver = new LocalReceiver();
			BroadCastManager.getInstance().registerReceiver(this,
					mReceiver, filter);//注册广播接收者
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
	
	class LocalReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver{

		@Override
		public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
			//收到广播后的处理
			String orderid = intent.getStringExtra("order");
			loadData(orderid);			
		}
		
	}
	
	
	private void loadData(String orderid){
		
	}
	
	@Override
	protected void onDestroy() {
		BroadCastManager.getInstance().unregisterReceiver(this,mReceiver);//注销广播接收者
		super.onDestroy();
	}
	
}

上面的例子是fragment传递数据给Activity,其实Activity也可以通过广播的方式传递数据给fragment,还有fragment与fragment之间也可以这样传数据。

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