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leecode_210 Course Schedule II

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There are a total of n courses you have to take, labeled from 0 to n - 1.

Some courses may have prerequisites, for example to take course 0 you have to first take course 1, which is expressed as a pair: [0,1]

Given the total number of courses and a list of prerequisite pairs, return the ordering of courses you should take to finish all courses.

There may be multiple correct orders, you just need to return one of them. If it is impossible to finish all courses, return an empty array.

For example:

2, [[1,0]]

There are a total of 2 courses to take. To take course 1 you should have finished course 0. So the correct course order is [0,1]

4, [[1,0],[2,0],[3,1],[3,2]]

There are a total of 4 courses to take. To take course 3 you should have finished both courses 1 and 2. Both courses 1 and 2 should be taken after you finished course 0. So one correct course order is [0,1,2,3]. Another correct ordering is[0,2,1,3].

想法是先找能修的课(没有要求基础的课),都修了,然后看他们的son,能不能修,能修就丢进queue。

观察那个队列,如果最后队列为空,能修的课的数目小于要求的数目的话,就算规划失败。

class Solution {
public:
    vector<int> findOrder(int numCourses, vector<pair<int, int>>& prerequisites) {
        
        vector<vector<int>> pre_course;
        vector<vector<int>> next_course;
        vector<int>temp;
        unordered_set<int> set;
        queue<int>  que;
        vector<int> res;
        
        for (int i=0;i<numCourses;i++){
            //next_temp.push_back(temp);
            pre_course.push_back(temp);
            next_course.push_back(temp);
        }
        
        for (int i=0;i<prerequisites.size();i++){
            int from=prerequisites[i].second;
            int to=prerequisites[i].first;
            pre_course[to].push_back(from);
            next_course[from].push_back(to);
        }
        
        for (int i=0;i<numCourses;i++){
            if (pre_course[i].size()==0)
                que.push(i);
            
        }
        
        while(!que.empty()){
            int course_taking=que.front();
            que.pop();
            
            if (set.find(course_taking)==set.end()) {
                  set.insert(course_taking);
                  res.push_back(course_taking);
                  bool all_pre_ok=true;
            
                  for (int i=0;i<next_course[course_taking].size();i++){
                          int next_cour=next_course[course_taking][i];
                          for (int j=0;j<pre_course[next_cour ].size();j++){
                                    if (set.find( pre_course[ next_cour ][j] ) == set.end())
                                              all_pre_ok=false;
                                    
                           }
                  
                         if (all_pre_ok) 
                              que.push(next_course[course_taking][i]);
                              
                         all_pre_ok=true; 
                   }
            
            }
        }
        
        if (res.size()<numCourses)
             res.clear();
        return res;
    }
};


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