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iOS中 自定义系统相机 作者:韩俊强

标签: iOS自定义相机iOS制作相机韩俊强的博客iOS开发iOS相机
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#import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>

#import <AssetsLibrary/AssetsLibrary.h>

布局如下:


相关属性:

#import "ViewController.h"
#import <AVFoundation/AVFoundation.h>
#import <AssetsLibrary/AssetsLibrary.h>
typedef void(^PropertyChangeBlock)(AVCaptureDevice *captureDevice);

@interface ViewController ()

@property (strong,nonatomic) AVCaptureSession *captureSession;//负责输入和输出设置之间的数据传递
@property (strong,nonatomic) AVCaptureDeviceInput *captureDeviceInput;//负责从AVCaptureDevice获得输入数据
@property (strong,nonatomic) AVCaptureStillImageOutput *captureStillImageOutput;//照片输出流
@property (strong,nonatomic) AVCaptureVideoPreviewLayer *captureVideoPreviewLayer;//相机拍摄预览图层
@property (weak, nonatomic) IBOutlet UIView *viewContainer;
@property (weak, nonatomic) IBOutlet UIButton *takeButton;//拍照按钮
@property (weak, nonatomic) IBOutlet UIButton *flashAutoButton;//自动闪光灯按钮
@property (weak, nonatomic) IBOutlet UIButton *flashOnButton;//打开闪光灯按钮
@property (weak, nonatomic) IBOutlet UIButton *flashOffButton;//关闭闪光灯按钮
@property (weak, nonatomic) IBOutlet UIImageView *focusCursor; //聚焦光标



@end

@implementation ViewController


#pragma mark - 控制器视图方法
- (void)viewDidLoad {
    [super viewDidLoad];
    
}

-(void)viewWillAppear:(BOOL)animated{
    [super viewWillAppear:animated];
    //初始化会话
    _captureSession=[[AVCaptureSession alloc]init];
    if ([_captureSession canSetSessionPreset:AVCaptureSessionPreset1280x720]) {//设置分辨率
        _captureSession.sessionPreset=AVCaptureSessionPreset1280x720;
    }
    //获得输入设备
    AVCaptureDevice *captureDevice=[self getCameraDeviceWithPosition:AVCaptureDevicePositionBack];//取得后置摄像头
    if (!captureDevice) {
        NSLog(@"取得后置摄像头时出现问题.");
        return;
    }
    
    NSError *error=nil;
    //根据输入设备初始化设备输入对象,用于获得输入数据
    _captureDeviceInput=[[AVCaptureDeviceInput alloc]initWithDevice:captureDevice error:&error];
    if (error) {
        NSLog(@"取得设备输入对象时出错,错误原因:%@",error.localizedDescription);
        return;
    }
    //初始化设备输出对象,用于获得输出数据
    _captureStillImageOutput=[[AVCaptureStillImageOutput alloc]init];
    NSDictionary *outputSettings = @{AVVideoCodecKey:AVVideoCodecJPEG};
    [_captureStillImageOutput setOutputSettings:outputSettings];//输出设置
    
    //将设备输入添加到会话中
    if ([_captureSession canAddInput:_captureDeviceInput]) {
        [_captureSession addInput:_captureDeviceInput];
    }
    
    //将设备输出添加到会话中
    if ([_captureSession canAddOutput:_captureStillImageOutput]) {
        [_captureSession addOutput:_captureStillImageOutput];
    }
    
    //创建视频预览层,用于实时展示摄像头状态
    _captureVideoPreviewLayer=[[AVCaptureVideoPreviewLayer alloc]initWithSession:self.captureSession];
    
    CALayer *layer=self.viewContainer.layer;
    layer.masksToBounds=YES;
    
    _captureVideoPreviewLayer.frame=layer.bounds;
    _captureVideoPreviewLayer.videoGravity=AVLayerVideoGravityResizeAspectFill;//填充模式
    //将视频预览层添加到界面中
    //[layer addSublayer:_captureVideoPreviewLayer];
    [layer insertSublayer:_captureVideoPreviewLayer below:self.focusCursor.layer];
    
    [self addNotificationToCaptureDevice:captureDevice];
    [self addGenstureRecognizer];
    [self setFlashModeButtonStatus];
}

-(void)viewDidAppear:(BOOL)animated{
    [super viewDidAppear:animated];
    [self.captureSession startRunning];
}

-(void)viewDidDisappear:(BOOL)animated{
    [super viewDidDisappear:animated];
    [self.captureSession stopRunning];
}

-(void)dealloc{
    [self removeNotification];
}

#pragma mark - UI方法
#pragma mark 拍照
- (IBAction)takeButtonClick:(UIButton *)sender {
    //根据设备输出获得连接
    AVCaptureConnection *captureConnection=[self.captureStillImageOutput connectionWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo];
    //根据连接取得设备输出的数据
    [self.captureStillImageOutput captureStillImageAsynchronouslyFromConnection:captureConnection completionHandler:^(CMSampleBufferRef imageDataSampleBuffer, NSError *error) {
        if (imageDataSampleBuffer) {
            NSData *imageData=[AVCaptureStillImageOutput jpegStillImageNSDataRepresentation:imageDataSampleBuffer];
            UIImage *image=[UIImage imageWithData:imageData];
            UIImageWriteToSavedPhotosAlbum(image, nil, nil, nil);
//            ALAssetsLibrary *assetsLibrary=[[ALAssetsLibrary alloc]init];
//            [assetsLibrary writeImageToSavedPhotosAlbum:[image CGImage] orientation:(ALAssetOrientation)[image imageOrientation] completionBlock:nil];
        }
        
    }];
}
#pragma mark 切换前后摄像头
- (IBAction)toggleButtonClick:(UIButton *)sender {
    AVCaptureDevice *currentDevice=[self.captureDeviceInput device];
    AVCaptureDevicePosition currentPosition=[currentDevice position];
    [self removeNotificationFromCaptureDevice:currentDevice];
    AVCaptureDevice *toChangeDevice;
    AVCaptureDevicePosition toChangePosition=AVCaptureDevicePositionFront;
    if (currentPosition==AVCaptureDevicePositionUnspecified||currentPosition==AVCaptureDevicePositionFront) {
        toChangePosition=AVCaptureDevicePositionBack;
    }
    toChangeDevice=[self getCameraDeviceWithPosition:toChangePosition];
    [self addNotificationToCaptureDevice:toChangeDevice];
    //获得要调整的设备输入对象
    AVCaptureDeviceInput *toChangeDeviceInput=[[AVCaptureDeviceInput alloc]initWithDevice:toChangeDevice error:nil];
    
    //改变会话的配置前一定要先开启配置,配置完成后提交配置改变
    [self.captureSession beginConfiguration];
    //移除原有输入对象
    [self.captureSession removeInput:self.captureDeviceInput];
    //添加新的输入对象
    if ([self.captureSession canAddInput:toChangeDeviceInput]) {
        [self.captureSession addInput:toChangeDeviceInput];
        self.captureDeviceInput=toChangeDeviceInput;
    }
    //提交会话配置
    [self.captureSession commitConfiguration];
    
    [self setFlashModeButtonStatus];
}

#pragma mark 自动闪光灯开启
- (IBAction)flashAutoClick:(UIButton *)sender {
    [self setFlashMode:AVCaptureFlashModeAuto];
    [self setFlashModeButtonStatus];
}

#pragma mark 打开闪光灯
- (IBAction)flashOnClick:(UIButton *)sender {
    [self setFlashMode:AVCaptureFlashModeOn];
    [self setFlashModeButtonStatus];
}

#pragma mark 关闭闪光灯
- (IBAction)flashOffClick:(UIButton *)sender {
    [self setFlashMode:AVCaptureFlashModeOff];
    [self setFlashModeButtonStatus];
}

#pragma mark - 通知
/**
 *  给输入设备添加通知
 */
-(void)addNotificationToCaptureDevice:(AVCaptureDevice *)captureDevice{
    //注意添加区域改变捕获通知必须首先设置设备允许捕获
    [self changeDeviceProperty:^(AVCaptureDevice *captureDevice) {
        captureDevice.subjectAreaChangeMonitoringEnabled=YES;
    }];
    NSNotificationCenter *notificationCenter= [NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter];
    //捕获区域发生改变
    [notificationCenter addObserver:self selector:@selector(areaChange:) name:AVCaptureDeviceSubjectAreaDidChangeNotification object:captureDevice];
}

/**
 *  移除所有通知
 */
-(void)removeNotification{
    NSNotificationCenter *notificationCenter= [NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter];
    [notificationCenter removeObserver:self];
}

-(void)addNotificationToCaptureSession:(AVCaptureSession *)captureSession{
    NSNotificationCenter *notificationCenter= [NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter];
    //会话出错
    [notificationCenter addObserver:self selector:@selector(sessionRuntimeError:) name:AVCaptureSessionRuntimeErrorNotification object:captureSession];
}

/**
 *  设备连接成功
 *
 *  @param notification 通知对象
 */
-(void)deviceConnected:(NSNotification *)notification{
    NSLog(@"设备已连接...");
}

/**
 *  设备连接断开
 *
 *  @param notification 通知对象
 */
-(void)deviceDisconnected:(NSNotification *)notification{
    NSLog(@"设备已断开.");
}

/**
 *  捕获区域改变
 *
 *  @param notification 通知对象
 */
-(void)areaChange:(NSNotification *)notification{
    NSLog(@"捕获区域改变...");
}

/**
 *  会话出错
 *
 *  @param notification 通知对象
 */
-(void)sessionRuntimeError:(NSNotification *)notification{
    NSLog(@"会话发生错误.");
}

#pragma mark - 私有方法

/**
 *  取得指定位置的摄像头
 *
 *  @param position 摄像头位置
 *
 *  @return 摄像头设备
 */
-(AVCaptureDevice *)getCameraDeviceWithPosition:(AVCaptureDevicePosition )position{
    NSArray *cameras= [AVCaptureDevice devicesWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo];
    for (AVCaptureDevice *camera in cameras) {
        if ([camera position]==position) {
            return camera;
        }
    }
    return nil;
}

/**
 *  改变设备属性的统一操作方法
 *
 *  @param propertyChange 属性改变操作
 */
-(void)changeDeviceProperty:(PropertyChangeBlock)propertyChange{
    AVCaptureDevice *captureDevice= [self.captureDeviceInput device];
    NSError *error;
    //注意改变设备属性前一定要首先调用lockForConfiguration:调用完之后使用unlockForConfiguration方法解锁
    if ([captureDevice lockForConfiguration:&error]) {
        propertyChange(captureDevice);
        [captureDevice unlockForConfiguration];
    }else{
        NSLog(@"设置设备属性过程发生错误,错误信息:%@",error.localizedDescription);
    }
}

/**
 *  设置闪光灯模式
 *
 *  @param flashMode 闪光灯模式
 */
-(void)setFlashMode:(AVCaptureFlashMode )flashMode{
    [self changeDeviceProperty:^(AVCaptureDevice *captureDevice) {
        if ([captureDevice isFlashModeSupported:flashMode]) {
            [captureDevice setFlashMode:flashMode];
        }
    }];
}

/**
 *  设置聚焦模式
 *
 *  @param focusMode 聚焦模式
 */
-(void)setFocusMode:(AVCaptureFocusMode )focusMode{
    [self changeDeviceProperty:^(AVCaptureDevice *captureDevice) {
        if ([captureDevice isFocusModeSupported:focusMode]) {
            [captureDevice setFocusMode:focusMode];
        }
    }];
}

/**
 *  设置曝光模式
 *
 *  @param exposureMode 曝光模式
 */
-(void)setExposureMode:(AVCaptureExposureMode)exposureMode{
    [self changeDeviceProperty:^(AVCaptureDevice *captureDevice) {
        if ([captureDevice isExposureModeSupported:exposureMode]) {
            [captureDevice setExposureMode:exposureMode];
        }
    }];
}

/**
 *  设置聚焦点
 *
 *  @param point 聚焦点
 */
-(void)focusWithMode:(AVCaptureFocusMode)focusMode exposureMode:(AVCaptureExposureMode)exposureMode atPoint:(CGPoint)point{
    [self changeDeviceProperty:^(AVCaptureDevice *captureDevice) {
        if ([captureDevice isFocusModeSupported:focusMode]) {
            [captureDevice setFocusMode:AVCaptureFocusModeAutoFocus];
        }
        if ([captureDevice isFocusPointOfInterestSupported]) {
            [captureDevice setFocusPointOfInterest:point];
        }
        if ([captureDevice isExposureModeSupported:exposureMode]) {
            [captureDevice setExposureMode:AVCaptureExposureModeAutoExpose];
        }
        if ([captureDevice isExposurePointOfInterestSupported]) {
            [captureDevice setExposurePointOfInterest:point];
        }
    }];
}

/**
 *  添加点按手势,点按时聚焦
 */
-(void)addGenstureRecognizer{
    UITapGestureRecognizer *tapGesture=[[UITapGestureRecognizer alloc]initWithTarget:self action:@selector(tapScreen:)];
    [self.viewContainer addGestureRecognizer:tapGesture];
}
-(void)tapScreen:(UITapGestureRecognizer *)tapGesture{
    CGPoint point= [tapGesture locationInView:self.viewContainer];
    //将UI坐标转化为摄像头坐标
    CGPoint cameraPoint= [self.captureVideoPreviewLayer captureDevicePointOfInterestForPoint:point];
    [self setFocusCursorWithPoint:point];
    [self focusWithMode:AVCaptureFocusModeAutoFocus exposureMode:AVCaptureExposureModeAutoExpose atPoint:cameraPoint];
}

/**
 *  设置闪光灯按钮状态
 */
-(void)setFlashModeButtonStatus{
    AVCaptureDevice *captureDevice=[self.captureDeviceInput device];
    AVCaptureFlashMode flashMode=captureDevice.flashMode;
    if([captureDevice isFlashAvailable]){
        self.flashAutoButton.hidden=NO;
        self.flashOnButton.hidden=NO;
        self.flashOffButton.hidden=NO;
        self.flashAutoButton.enabled=YES;
        self.flashOnButton.enabled=YES;
        self.flashOffButton.enabled=YES;
        switch (flashMode) {
            case AVCaptureFlashModeAuto:
                self.flashAutoButton.enabled=NO;
                break;
            case AVCaptureFlashModeOn:
                self.flashOnButton.enabled=NO;
                break;
            case AVCaptureFlashModeOff:
                self.flashOffButton.enabled=NO;
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }else{
        self.flashAutoButton.hidden=YES;
        self.flashOnButton.hidden=YES;
        self.flashOffButton.hidden=YES;
    }
}

/**
 *  设置聚焦光标位置
 *
 *  @param point 光标位置
 */
-(void)setFocusCursorWithPoint:(CGPoint)point{
    self.focusCursor.center=point;
    self.focusCursor.transform=CGAffineTransformMakeScale(1.5, 1.5);
    self.focusCursor.alpha=1.0;
    [UIView animateWithDuration:1.0 animations:^{
        self.focusCursor.transform=CGAffineTransformIdentity;
    } completion:^(BOOL finished) {
        self.focusCursor.alpha=0;
        
    }];

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