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PAT 1094

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1094. The Largest Generation (25)

时间限制
200 ms
内存限制
65536 kB
代码长度限制
16000 B
判题程序
Standard
作者
CHEN, Yue

A family hierarchy is usually presented by a pedigree tree where all the nodes on the same level belong to the same generation. Your task is to find the generation with the largest population.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case starts with two positive integers N (<100) which is the total number of family members in the tree (and hence assume that all the members are numbered from 01 to N), and M (<N) which is the number of family members who have children. Then M lines follow, each contains the information of a family member in the following format:

ID K ID[1] ID[2] ... ID[K]

where ID is a two-digit number representing a family member, K (>0) is the number of his/her children, followed by a sequence of two-digit ID's of his/her children. For the sake of simplicity, let us fix the root ID to be 01. All the numbers in a line are separated by a space.

Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line the largest population number and the level of the corresponding generation. It is assumed that such a generation is unique, and the root level is defined to be 1.

分析:简单bfs练习题

#include <iostream>
#include <queue>
#include <vector>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;
int n,m;
int level[10000]={0};
int levelnum=1;
vector<int> c[101];
void bfs()
{
	queue<int> q;
	q.push(1);
	level[1]=1;
	int last=1;
	int tail=1;
	int cnt=0;
	while(!q.empty())
	{
		
		int temp=q.front();
		for(int i=0;i<c[temp].size();i++)
		{
			last=c[temp][i];
			cnt++;
			q.push(c[temp][i]);
		}
		if(temp==tail)
		{
			levelnum++;
			level[levelnum]+=cnt;
			tail=last;
			cnt=0;
		}
		q.pop();
	}
}
int main()
{
	cin>>n>>m;
	
	int root=1;
	for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
	c[i].clear();
	for(int i=0;i<m;i++)
	{
		int id,childnum;
		cin>>id>>childnum;
		for(int j=0;j<childnum;j++)
		{
			int child;
			cin>>child;c[id].push_back(child);
		}
	}
	bfs();
	int max=0,temp;
	for(int i=1;i<=levelnum;i++)
		if(level[i]>max)
		{
			temp=i;
			max=level[i];
		}
		cout<<max<<" "<<temp<<endl;
 	return 0;
 } 
 


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