Android利用CircleImageView实现圆形头像效果

原创 2016年08月29日 22:18:26

有时我们在应用中会用到圆形头像,下面是利用CircleImageView实现圆形头像的演示,下面效果和代码,效果如图


实现起来也比较简单,先在项目中建一个circleimageview包用来存放CircleImageView类,待会直接把CircleImageView类复制到包里就可以使用了



然后,再建一个attrs.xml,其代码相当简单,定义了圆形边框宽度和颜色

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <declare-styleable name="CircleImageView">
        <attr name="border_width" format="dimension" />
        <attr name="border_color" format="color" />
    </declare-styleable>
</resources>


然后是在自己应用的Activity的布局文件中使用CircleImageView了

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.example.icontest.MainActivity">

    <circleimageview.CircleImageView
        xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
        android:id="@+id/circleImageView"
        android:layout_width="100dp"
        android:layout_height="100dp"
        android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
        android:src="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        app:border_width="2dp"
        app:border_color="#ccc"
         />
</RelativeLayout>
注意的是要写上circleimageview.CircleImageView这个全路径,还要指定
xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
这个就是根据上面整个布局的
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
来的,把res/android改为res-auto即可,然后再指定border_width和border_color两个属性即可

然后再Activity中就直接可以利用id找到它了

CircleImageView icon;
icon= (CircleImageView) findViewById(R.id.circleImageView);


最后是CircleImageView类的代码,这个网上随便就能找到,不过这里还是贴出来吧

package circleimageview;

import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.TypedArray;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.BitmapShader;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.graphics.Color;
import android.graphics.Matrix;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.graphics.RectF;
import android.graphics.Shader;
import android.graphics.drawable.BitmapDrawable;
import android.graphics.drawable.ColorDrawable;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.widget.ImageView;

import com.example.icontest.R;

public class CircleImageView extends ImageView {

   private static final ScaleType SCALE_TYPE = ScaleType.CENTER_CROP;

   private static final Bitmap.Config BITMAP_CONFIG = Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888;
   private static final int COLORDRAWABLE_DIMENSION = 2;

   private static final int DEFAULT_BORDER_WIDTH = 0;
   private static final int DEFAULT_BORDER_COLOR = Color.BLACK;

   private final RectF mDrawableRect = new RectF();
   private final RectF mBorderRect = new RectF();

   private final Matrix mShaderMatrix = new Matrix();
   private final Paint mBitmapPaint = new Paint();
   private final Paint mBorderPaint = new Paint();

   private int mBorderColor = DEFAULT_BORDER_COLOR;
   private int mBorderWidth = DEFAULT_BORDER_WIDTH;

   private Bitmap mBitmap;
   private BitmapShader mBitmapShader;
   private int mBitmapWidth;
   private int mBitmapHeight;

   private float mDrawableRadius;
   private float mBorderRadius;

   private boolean mReady;
   private boolean mSetupPending;

   public CircleImageView(Context context) {
      super(context);

      init();
   }

   public CircleImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
      this(context, attrs, 0);
   }

   public CircleImageView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
      super(context, attrs, defStyle);

      TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs, R.styleable.CircleImageView, defStyle, 0);

      mBorderWidth = a.getDimensionPixelSize(R.styleable.CircleImageView_border_width, DEFAULT_BORDER_WIDTH);
      mBorderColor = a.getColor(R.styleable.CircleImageView_border_color, DEFAULT_BORDER_COLOR);

      a.recycle();

      init();
   }

   private void init() {
      super.setScaleType(SCALE_TYPE);
      mReady = true;

      if (mSetupPending) {
         setup();
         mSetupPending = false;
      }
   }

   @Override
   public ScaleType getScaleType() {
      return SCALE_TYPE;
   }

   @Override
   public void setScaleType(ScaleType scaleType) {
      if (scaleType != SCALE_TYPE) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException(String.format("ScaleType %s not supported.", scaleType));
      }
   }

   @Override
   public void setAdjustViewBounds(boolean adjustViewBounds) {
      if (adjustViewBounds) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException("adjustViewBounds not supported.");
      }
   }

   @Override
   protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) {
      if (getDrawable() == null) {
         return;
      }

      canvas.drawCircle(getWidth() / 2, getHeight() / 2, mDrawableRadius, mBitmapPaint);
      if (mBorderWidth != 0) {
         canvas.drawCircle(getWidth() / 2, getHeight() / 2, mBorderRadius, mBorderPaint);
      }
   }

   @Override
   protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh) {
      super.onSizeChanged(w, h, oldw, oldh);
      setup();
   }

   public int getBorderColor() {
      return mBorderColor;
   }

   public void setBorderColor(int borderColor) {
      if (borderColor == mBorderColor) {
         return;
      }

      mBorderColor = borderColor;
      mBorderPaint.setColor(mBorderColor);
      invalidate();
   }

   public int getBorderWidth() {
      return mBorderWidth;
   }

   public void setBorderWidth(int borderWidth) {
      if (borderWidth == mBorderWidth) {
         return;
      }

      mBorderWidth = borderWidth;
      setup();
   }

   @Override
   public void setImageBitmap(Bitmap bm) {
      super.setImageBitmap(bm);
      mBitmap = bm;
      setup();
   }

   @Override
   public void setImageDrawable(Drawable drawable) {
      super.setImageDrawable(drawable);
      mBitmap = getBitmapFromDrawable(drawable);
      setup();
   }

   @Override
   public void setImageResource(int resId) {
      super.setImageResource(resId);
      mBitmap = getBitmapFromDrawable(getDrawable());
      setup();
   }

   @Override
   public void setImageURI(Uri uri) {
      super.setImageURI(uri);
      mBitmap = getBitmapFromDrawable(getDrawable());
      setup();
   }

   private Bitmap getBitmapFromDrawable(Drawable drawable) {
      if (drawable == null) {
         return null;
      }

      if (drawable instanceof BitmapDrawable) {
         return ((BitmapDrawable) drawable).getBitmap();
      }

      try {
         Bitmap bitmap;

         if (drawable instanceof ColorDrawable) {
            bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(COLORDRAWABLE_DIMENSION, COLORDRAWABLE_DIMENSION, BITMAP_CONFIG);
         } else {
            bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(drawable.getIntrinsicWidth(), drawable.getIntrinsicHeight(), BITMAP_CONFIG);
         }

         Canvas canvas = new Canvas(bitmap);
         drawable.setBounds(0, 0, canvas.getWidth(), canvas.getHeight());
         drawable.draw(canvas);
         return bitmap;
      } catch (OutOfMemoryError e) {
         return null;
      }
   }

   private void setup() {
      if (!mReady) {
         mSetupPending = true;
         return;
      }

      if (mBitmap == null) {
         return;
      }

      mBitmapShader = new BitmapShader(mBitmap, Shader.TileMode.CLAMP, Shader.TileMode.CLAMP);

      mBitmapPaint.setAntiAlias(true);
      mBitmapPaint.setShader(mBitmapShader);

      mBorderPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE);
      mBorderPaint.setAntiAlias(true);
      mBorderPaint.setColor(mBorderColor);
      mBorderPaint.setStrokeWidth(mBorderWidth);

      mBitmapHeight = mBitmap.getHeight();
      mBitmapWidth = mBitmap.getWidth();

      mBorderRect.set(0, 0, getWidth(), getHeight());
      mBorderRadius = Math.min((mBorderRect.height() - mBorderWidth) / 2, (mBorderRect.width() - mBorderWidth) / 2);

      mDrawableRect.set(mBorderWidth, mBorderWidth, mBorderRect.width() - mBorderWidth, mBorderRect.height() - mBorderWidth);
      mDrawableRadius = Math.min(mDrawableRect.height() / 2, mDrawableRect.width() / 2);

      updateShaderMatrix();
      invalidate();
   }

   private void updateShaderMatrix() {
      float scale;
      float dx = 0;
      float dy = 0;

      mShaderMatrix.set(null);

      if (mBitmapWidth * mDrawableRect.height() > mDrawableRect.width() * mBitmapHeight) {
         scale = mDrawableRect.height() / (float) mBitmapHeight;
         dx = (mDrawableRect.width() - mBitmapWidth * scale) * 0.5f;
      } else {
         scale = mDrawableRect.width() / (float) mBitmapWidth;
         dy = (mDrawableRect.height() - mBitmapHeight * scale) * 0.5f;
      }

      mShaderMatrix.setScale(scale, scale);
      mShaderMatrix.postTranslate((int) (dx + 0.5f) + mBorderWidth, (int) (dy + 0.5f) + mBorderWidth);

      mBitmapShader.setLocalMatrix(mShaderMatrix);
   }

}




版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。

相关文章推荐

Android使用 CircleImageView 实现圆形头像的方法

圆形头像看起来非常美观,下文通过实例代码给大家介绍android中使用CircleImageView实现圆形头像的方法,一起看看吧 有时我们在应用中会用到圆形头像,下面是利用CircleImageV...

【Android自定义View实战】之自定义圆形头像CircleImageView支持加载网络图片

在Android开发中我们常常用到圆形的头像,如果每次加载之后再进行圆形裁剪特别麻烦。所以在这里写一个自定义圆形ImageView,直接去加载网络图片,这样的话就特别的方便。 先上效果图 ...

android圆形头像的实现类CircleImageView.java

import android.content.Context; import android.content.res.TypedArray; import android.graphics.Bitma...

Android开发库VUtils之圆形头像CircleImageView

开发android也有很长的一段时间了,突然觉得android开发可以更简单,很多时候我们总是重复的做着一些事,比如自定义dialog,网络访问,圆形头像等。也许我们可以把他们封成一个库?用的时候直接...

【Android开源项目分析】自定义圆形头像CircleImageView的使用和源码分析

转载请注明出处:http://blog.csdn.net/zhoubin1992/article/details/47258639  本文分为三大部分: CircleImageView的使用C...

【Android开源项目分析】自定义圆形头像CircleImageView的使用和源码分析

本文分为三大部分: CircleImageView的使用 CircleImageView源码分析 Android自定义View总结 CircleImageView项目源码下载: https://gi...

Android中自定义圆形图片的CircleImageView和RoundedImageView基本使用效果

对于在android开发中,有时要处理ImageView 为圆形或圆角之类的需求,学习过程中遇到以下两种开源代码,做以笔记。 CircleImageView 出自 https://github.com...
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:Android利用CircleImageView实现圆形头像效果
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)