# POJ 3461&& hiho1015 Oulipo [KMP算法]

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Description

The French author Georges Perec (1936–1982) once wrote a book, La disparition, without the letter 'e'. He was a member of the Oulipo group. A quote from the book:

Tout avait Pair normal, mais tout s’affirmait faux. Tout avait Fair normal, d’abord, puis surgissait l’inhumain, l’affolant. Il aurait voulu savoir où s’articulait l’association qui l’unissait au roman : stir son tapis, assaillant à tout instant son imagination, l’intuition d’un tabou, la vision d’un mal obscur, d’un quoi vacant, d’un non-dit : la vision, l’avision d’un oubli commandant tout, où s’abolissait la raison : tout avait l’air normal mais…

Perec would probably have scored high (or rather, low) in the following contest. People are asked to write a perhaps even meaningful text on some subject with as few occurrences of a given “word” as possible. Our task is to provide the jury with a program that counts these occurrences, in order to obtain a ranking of the competitors. These competitors often write very long texts with nonsense meaning; a sequence of 500,000 consecutive 'T's is not unusual. And they never use spaces.

So we want to quickly find out how often a word, i.e., a given string, occurs in a text. More formally: given the alphabet {'A''B''C', …, 'Z'} and two finite strings over that alphabet, a word W and a text T, count the number of occurrences of W in T. All the consecutive characters of W must exactly match consecutive characters of T. Occurrences may overlap.

Input

The first line of the input file contains a single number: the number of test cases to follow. Each test case has the following format:

• One line with the word W, a string over {'A''B''C', …, 'Z'}, with 1 ≤ |W| ≤ 10,000 (here |W| denotes the length of the string W).
• One line with the text T, a string over {'A''B''C', …, 'Z'}, with |W| ≤ |T| ≤ 1,000,000.

Output

For every test case in the input file, the output should contain a single number, on a single line: the number of occurrences of the word W in the text T.

Sample Input

3
BAPC
BAPC
AZA
AZAZAZA
VERDI
AVERDXIVYERDIAN

Sample Output

1
3
0

AC代码：

#include <iostream>
#include <math.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <algorithm>
#define ll long long
#define N 100010
using namespace std ;
char s[N*10] , p[N] ;
int next[N*10] , lenp , lens;//*lenp是匹配，lens是主
void kkk()
{
int i , j ;
i = 0 ;
j = next[0] = -1;
while(i < lenp) //*主串里面找匹配
{
while(j!=-1&&s[i]!=s[j])
j = next[j];
next[++i] = ++j ;
}
}

int KMP()
{
int i , j , ans ;
i = ans = j = 0 ;
while(i!=lens&&j!=lenp)
{
if(s[i]==p[j]||j==-1)
++i , ++j;
else j = next[j];
if(j==lenp)
{
ans++;
j = next[j] ;
}
}
return ans ;
}
int main()
{
int t ;
cin>>t;
while(t--)
{
memset(s,0,sizeof(s)) ;
memset(p,0,sizeof(p)) ;
memset(next , 0, sizeof(next));
scanf("%s%s",p,s);
lenp = strlen(p);//*匹配串
lens = strlen(s);//*主串
kkk();
int ans = KMP();
cout<<ans<<endl;
}
return 0 ;
}


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