android wifi连接 有无密码均实机验证成功案例

原创 2016年08月29日 04:01:57

最近搞了个无线wifi模块,兴趣爱好写了个android wifi密码连接,先将成果分享出来,谢谢大家指出不足,欢迎点赞。

功能点:连接wifi模块,包括无密码和加密方式。异步连接,不会导致ANR。

自动保存wifi密码。


先上图:刷新wifi站点信息

连接我的wifi模块,没密码是ok的,有密码的我也先试了一把,所有密码自动保存了(代码中体现)


连接成功(通过获取到ip地址来判断是否连接成功)ip地址有打印输出



直接上代码,MainActivity直接继承至ListActivity,wifi连接模块主要用到android的WifiManager,WifiInfo和输出结果集ScanResult.

public class MainActivity extends ListActivity {

	private static final String TAG = "MainActivity";
	private static final boolean D = true;
	
	private WifiManager wifiManager;
	private WifiInfo current_wifiInfo;// 当前连接的wifi
	// 扫描结果列表
	private List<ScanResult> list_scan;// wifi列表
	private ScanResult scanResult;
	private int current_wifi_index;//当前点击的wifi索引

	// 添加有图片的ListActivity
	private ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>> hashmap_wifi_items = new ArrayList<HashMap<String, Object>>();;
	private SimpleAdapter simpleAdapter;

	private ProgressDialog progressDialog;
	private EditText edt_wifi_password = null;
	private AlertDialog connect_wifi_alertdialog;

	private boolean is_connect_wifi_thread = false;
	private ConnectWifiThread connect_wifi_thread = null;

	private final String PREFERENCES_NAME = "userinfo";
	private String wifi_password = "";


创建activity是打开wifi刷新列表得到wifi结果集,加载到listView里面。我们会看到图1的效果

/** Called when the activity is first created. */
	@Override
	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_wifi_list);

		wifiManager = (WifiManager) getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
		openWifi();
		current_wifiInfo = wifiManager.getConnectionInfo();
		getAllNetWorkList();
		simpleAdapter = new SimpleAdapter(this, hashmap_wifi_items,
				R.layout.item_wifi_list, new String[] { "ItemTitle",
						"ItemImage" }, new int[] { R.id.wifiTextView,
						R.id.wifiImageView });
		this.setListAdapter(simpleAdapter);
	}
	
	Handler handler = new Handler() {
		public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
			if(D) Log.v(TAG, "msg.what = " + msg.what);
			SharedPreferences vPreferences = getSharedPreferences(
					PREFERENCES_NAME, Activity.MODE_PRIVATE);

			Editor vEditor = vPreferences.edit();
			switch (msg.what) {
			case 0:
				new RefreshSsidThread().start();
				break;
			case 1:
				new AlertDialog.Builder(MainActivity.this)
						.setMessage("连接失败,请重新连接!")
						.setPositiveButton("确定",
								new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
									public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog,
											int whichButton) {
									}
								}).show();
				break;
			case 3:
				LayoutInflater inflater = getLayoutInflater();
				View layout = inflater.inflate(R.layout.access_point_dialog,
						(ViewGroup) findViewById(R.id.dialog));
				edt_wifi_password = (EditText) layout
						.findViewById(R.id.edtTextWifiPassword);
				edt_wifi_password.setText(vPreferences.getString(
						"\"" + list_scan.get(current_wifi_index).SSID + "\"", ""));

				connect_wifi_alertdialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(MainActivity.this)
						.setView(layout)
						.setTitle(list_scan.get(current_wifi_index).SSID)
						.setNegativeButton("取消", null)
						.setPositiveButton("连接",
								new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {

									@Override
									public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog,
											int which) {
										// TODO Auto-generated method stub
										wifi_password = edt_wifi_password.getText()
												.toString();
										connectionConfiguration(current_wifi_index,
												edt_wifi_password.getText().toString());
									}
								}).show();
				break;
			case 4:
				vEditor.putString("\"" + list_scan.get(current_wifi_index).SSID + "\"", wifi_password);
				vEditor.commit();
				Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "连接成功 ip地址为:"+Formatter.formatIpAddress(current_wifiInfo.getIpAddress()), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
				break;
			default:
				break;
			}
			super.handleMessage(msg);
		}
	};

public void openWifi() {
		if (!wifiManager.isWifiEnabled()) {
			wifiManager.setWifiEnabled(true);
		}
	}

	public void getAllNetWorkList() {
		// 每次点击扫描之前清空上一次的扫描结果
		// int vIntSecurity = -1;
		String vStr = "";
		hashmap_wifi_items.clear();

		wifiManager.startScan();
		// 开始扫描网络
		list_scan = wifiManager.getScanResults();
		if (list_scan != null) {
			for (int i = 0; i < list_scan.size(); i++) {
				if(D) Log.d(TAG, "listSize = " + list_scan.size());
				// 得到扫描结果
				HashMap<String, Object> vMap = new HashMap<String, Object>();
				scanResult = list_scan.get(i);
				if (0 == getSecurity(scanResult)) {
					vStr = "NO-PASSWORD";
				} else if (1 == getSecurity(scanResult)) {
					vStr = "WEP";
				}else if (2 == getSecurity(scanResult)) {
					vStr = "WPA-PSK";
				} 

				if (Math.abs(scanResult.level) > 100) {
					vMap.put("ItemTitle", scanResult.SSID + "(" + vStr + ")");
					vMap.put("ItemImage", R.drawable.wifi_full);
				} else if (Math.abs(scanResult.level) > 70) {
					vMap.put("ItemTitle", scanResult.SSID + "(" + vStr + ")");
					vMap.put("ItemImage", R.drawable.wifi_mid);
				} else if (Math.abs(scanResult.level) > 50) {
					vMap.put("ItemTitle", scanResult.SSID + "(" + vStr + ")");
					vMap.put("ItemImage", R.drawable.wifi_low);
				} else {
					vMap.put("ItemTitle", scanResult.SSID + "(" + vStr + ")");
					vMap.put("ItemImage", R.drawable.wifi_low);
				}
				hashmap_wifi_items.add(vMap);
			}
		}
	}

	public int getSecurity(ScanResult result) {
		if (result.capabilities.contains("WEP")) {
			return 1;
		} else if (result.capabilities.contains("PSK")) {
			return 2;
		} else if (result.capabilities.contains("EAP")) {
			return 3;
		}
		return 0;
	}

	public void refreshWifiList(View view) {
		getAllNetWorkList();
		simpleAdapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
	}


//这里就是点击事件了,点击之后取消上一次连接,以前我没有用哪个progressdialog导致可以点击很多个wifi SSID 这样前面的没有取消,后面有接着连接,理论上不通。

//CreateWifi这个函数就是根据不通的wifi加密类型创建一个wifiInfo然后去试着打开wifi。使用AsyncTask主要是放在ui产生Android ANR应用程序无响应。

protected void onListItemClick(ListView l, View v, int position, long id) {
		if (connect_wifi_thread != null) {
			connect_wifi_thread.cancel(true);
			is_connect_wifi_thread = false;
			if(D) Log.d(TAG, "cancel the wifi thread");
		}
		current_wifi_index = position;
		handler.sendEmptyMessage(3);
	}



	class ConnectWifiThread extends AsyncTask<String, Integer, String> {

		@Override
		protected String doInBackground(String... params) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			int index = Integer.parseInt(params[0]);
			if (index > list_scan.size()) {
				return null;
			}
			if(D) Log.d(TAG, "ssid = " + list_scan.get(index).SSID);
			if(D) Log.d(TAG, "sucure type = " + getSecurity(list_scan.get(index)));
			WifiConfiguration config = CreateWifiInfo(list_scan.get(index).SSID,
					params[1], getSecurity(list_scan.get(index)));

			int netId = wifiManager.addNetwork(config);
			if (null != config) {
				wifiManager.enableNetwork(netId, true);
				return list_scan.get(index).SSID;
			}

			return null;
		}

		@Override
		protected void onPostExecute(String result) {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			if(D) Log.d(TAG, "onPostExecute");
			if(D) Log.d(TAG, result + "***" + list_scan.get(current_wifi_index));
			if (list_scan.get(current_wifi_index).SSID.equals(result)) {
				handler.sendEmptyMessage(0);
			} else {
				handler.sendEmptyMessage(1);
			}
			super.onPostExecute(result);
		}

		public WifiConfiguration CreateWifiInfo(String SSID, String Password,
				int Type) {
			if(D) Log.d(TAG, "SSID = " + SSID + "password " + Password + "type ="
					+ Type);
			WifiConfiguration config = new WifiConfiguration();
			config.allowedAuthAlgorithms.clear();
			config.allowedGroupCiphers.clear();
			config.allowedKeyManagement.clear();
			config.allowedPairwiseCiphers.clear();
			config.allowedProtocols.clear();
			config.SSID = "\"" + SSID + "\"";
			if (Type == 0) {
				config.wepKeys[0] = "\"" + "\"";
				config.allowedKeyManagement.set(WifiConfiguration.KeyMgmt.NONE);
				config.wepTxKeyIndex = 0;
			} else if (Type == 1) {
				config.preSharedKey = "\"" + Password + "\"";
				config.hiddenSSID = true;
				config.allowedAuthAlgorithms
						.set(WifiConfiguration.AuthAlgorithm.SHARED);
				config.allowedGroupCiphers
						.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.CCMP);
				config.allowedGroupCiphers
						.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.TKIP);
				config.allowedGroupCiphers
						.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.WEP40);
				config.allowedGroupCiphers
						.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.WEP104);
				config.allowedKeyManagement.set(WifiConfiguration.KeyMgmt.NONE);
				config.wepTxKeyIndex = 0;
			} else if (Type == 2) {
				if(D) Log.d(TAG, "into type wpa");
				config.preSharedKey = "\"" + Password + "\"";
				config.hiddenSSID = true;
				config.allowedAuthAlgorithms
						.set(WifiConfiguration.AuthAlgorithm.OPEN);
				config.allowedGroupCiphers
						.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.TKIP);
				config.allowedKeyManagement
						.set(WifiConfiguration.KeyMgmt.WPA_PSK);
				config.allowedPairwiseCiphers
						.set(WifiConfiguration.PairwiseCipher.TKIP);
				// config.allowedProtocols.set(WifiConfiguration.Protocol.WPA);
				config.allowedGroupCiphers
						.set(WifiConfiguration.GroupCipher.CCMP);
				config.allowedPairwiseCiphers
						.set(WifiConfiguration.PairwiseCipher.CCMP);
				config.status = WifiConfiguration.Status.ENABLED;
			} else {
				return null;
			}
			return config;
		}

	}

	public void connectionConfiguration(int index, String passwrod) {
		progressDialog = ProgressDialog.show(MainActivity.this, "正在连接...",
				"请稍候...",true);
		connect_wifi_thread = new ConnectWifiThread();
		connect_wifi_thread.execute(index + "", passwrod);
	}
class RefreshSsidThread extends Thread {

		@Override
		public void run() {
			// TODO Auto-generated method stub
			is_connect_wifi_thread = true;
			int i = 0;
			while (is_connect_wifi_thread) {
				if (wifiManager == null) {
					wifiManager = (WifiManager) getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);
				}
				current_wifiInfo = wifiManager.getConnectionInfo();

				if(D) Log.d(TAG, "++++" + current_wifiInfo.getSSID());
				if(D) Log.d(TAG, "++++" + (list_scan.get(current_wifi_index).SSID).toString());
				if(D) Log.d(TAG, "++++" + current_wifiInfo.getIpAddress());
<span style="white-space:pre">					</span>//这个是以前没有加progressdialog的时候防止很多时间内点击不同的SSID导致连接到前面的WIFI了。
				if (("\"" + list_scan.get(current_wifi_index).SSID + "\"")
						.equals(current_wifiInfo.getSSID())
						&& 0 != current_wifiInfo.getIpAddress()) {
					if (null != progressDialog) {
						progressDialog.dismiss();
					}
					handler.sendEmptyMessage(4);
					is_connect_wifi_thread = false;
				} else if (6 == (i++)) {
					if (null != progressDialog) {
						progressDialog.dismiss();
					}
					is_connect_wifi_thread = false;
					handler.sendEmptyMessage(1);
				}
				try {
					Thread.sleep(1000);
				} catch (InterruptedException e) {
					// TODO Auto-generated catch block
					is_connect_wifi_thread = false;
					e.printStackTrace();
				}
			}
			super.run();
		}
	}
	@Override
	protected void onResume() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		super.onResume();
	}
	@Override
	protected void onDestroy() {
		// TODO Auto-generated method stub
		if (connect_wifi_alertdialog != null) {
			connect_wifi_alertdialog.dismiss();
		}
		super.onDestroy();
	}


access_point_dialog.xml 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:id="@+id/dialog" >

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="密码" />

    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/edtTextWifiPassword"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:ems="10"
        android:inputType="textPassword" >

        <requestFocus />
    </EditText>

</LinearLayout>


activity_wifi_list.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:paddingLeft="8dp"
	android:paddingRight="8dp">
    
<!-- 除了ListView和id为@id/android:empty的view之外,我们还可以任意添加view -->

<TextView 
android:id="@+id/android:title" 
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
android:text="@string/wifi_list_name"/>

<!-- id为@id/android:list的ListView为客户化的list布局,如果没有,则系统会调用默认的布局 -->

    <ListView
        android:id="@id/android:list"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dip"
        android:layout_weight="1.63"
        android:background="#0099cc"
        android:drawSelectorOnTop="false" >
    </ListView>

<!-- 当ListView中没有数据时,id为@id/android:empty的view就会显示出来 -->

<TextView
    android:id="@id/android:empty"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="384dp"
    android:layout_weight="9.40"
    android:gravity="center_vertical|center_horizontal"
    android:text="@string/wifi_list_empty"
    android:textColor="#FF0000" />

<Button
    android:id="@+id/refresh_wifilist_button"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:onClick="refreshWifiList"
    android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
    android:text="@string/refresh_wifilist" />
    
</LinearLayout>


item_wifi_list.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"  
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"  
    android:layout_height="wrap_content" >  
  
    <ImageView  
        android:id="@+id/wifiImageView"  
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
        android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"  
        android:layout_alignParentTop="true"  
        android:src="@drawable/ic_launcher" />  
  
    <TextView  
        android:id="@+id/wifiTextView"  
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"  
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"  
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/wifiImageView"  
        android:layout_marginBottom="14dp"  
        android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/wifiImageView"  
        android:text="TextView" />  
  
</RelativeLayout>  


strings.xml和在AndroidManifest.xml加入权限

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>

    <string name="app_name">WifiTest</string>
    <string name="action_settings">Settings</string>
    <string name="hello_world">Hello world!</string>
    <string name="wifi_list_name">搜索到的WIFI站点列表</string>
    <string name="wifi_list_empty">未搜索到可用的WIFI站点</string>
    <string name="empty"></string>
    <string name="refresh_wifilist">刷新WIFI列表</string>
</resources>
<span style="font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;">		</span><!-- wifi 模块需要的权限 --></span></span>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CHANGE_WIFI_STATE" />



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