【第22期】观点:IT 行业加班,到底有没有价值?

HDU 1059 Dividing

原创 2016年08月28日 20:55:41

Dividing

Time Limit: 2000/1000 MS (Java/Others)    Memory Limit: 65536/32768 K (Java/Others)

Total Submission(s): 24135    Accepted Submission(s): 6880


Problem Description
Marsha and Bill own a collection of marbles. They want to split the collection among themselves so that both receive an equal share of the marbles. This would be easy if all the marbles had the same value, because then they could just split the collection in half. But unfortunately, some of the marbles are larger, or more beautiful than others. So, Marsha and Bill start by assigning a value, a natural number between one and six, to each marble. Now they want to divide the marbles so that each of them gets the same total value. 
Unfortunately, they realize that it might be impossible to divide the marbles in this way (even if the total value of all marbles is even). For example, if there are one marble of value 1, one of value 3 and two of value 4, then they cannot be split into sets of equal value. So, they ask you to write a program that checks whether there is a fair partition of the marbles.
 

Input
Each line in the input describes one collection of marbles to be divided. The lines consist of six non-negative integers n1, n2, ..., n6, where ni is the number of marbles of value i. So, the example from above would be described by the input-line ``1 0 1 2 0 0''. The maximum total number of marbles will be 20000. 

The last line of the input file will be ``0 0 0 0 0 0''; do not process this line.
 

Output
For each colletcion, output ``Collection #k:'', where k is the number of the test case, and then either ``Can be divided.'' or ``Can't be divided.''. 

Output a blank line after each test case.
 

Sample Input
1 0 1 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
 

Sample Output
Collection #1: Can't be divided. Collection #2: Can be divided.
 

Source
 

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题目大意:输入6个数字,分别表示价值为1,2,3,4,5,6的石头的个数,判断这些石头能否分成等价值的两堆。

题目类型:多重背包+二进制思想

题目思路:先用二进制降低时间复杂度,然后就转换为了0-1背包。
dp[j]为价值为j时所能取到的最大价值,那么只要判断最后dp[m/2]是否是m/2,即可知道能否平分。


#include<stdio.h>
#include<iostream>
#include<math.h>
using namespace std;

int a[10],v[50000],dp[240000],T=1;

int main()
{
    while(1)
    {
        int t=1,i,j,m=0,d;
        for(i=1;i<=6;i++)
        {
            scanf("%d",&a[i]);
            m+=i*a[i];             //先求总价值
            d=a[i];
            for(j=1;j<=d;j=j*2)   //二进制思想
            {
                v[t]=j*i;
                t++;
                d-=j;
            }
            if(d>0)
            {
                v[t]=d*i;
                t++;
            }
        }
       // printf("m=%d ",m);



        if(a[1]==0&&a[2]==0&&a[3]==0&&a[4]==0&&a[5]==0&&a[6]==0)  break;

        for(i=0;i<=m/2;i++)
            dp[i]= -1000000;
        dp[0]=0;


        if(m%2==0)
        {

            for(i=1;i<=t-1;i++)
              for(j=m/2;j>=v[i];j--)        //这边因为是一维所以必须是倒序,因为需要还没有被更新过的数据
            dp[j]=max(dp[j],dp[j-v[i]]+v[i]);  
        }

        printf("Collection #%d:\n",T);
        if(dp[m/2]==m/2)   printf("Can be divided.\n\n");
        else              printf("Can't be divided.\n\n");

        T++;

    }
    return 0;
}

接下来是zhzq的模板:
0-1背包
二维:
for i=1...n
  for j=0...c            //这里顺着倒着无所谓
    if(j>=w[i])
       dp[i][j]=max(dp[i-1][j],dp[i-1][j-w[i]]+v[i])
    else
       dp[i][j]=dp[i-1][j];

一维:
for i=1...n
  for j=c...w[i]            //这里必须是倒着的,因为需要没有更新过的数据,这个自己带带数据就明白了
    dp[j]=max(dp[j],dp[j-w[i]]+v[i]);

完全背包:
for j=0...c
  for i=1...n
    if(j>=w[i])
      dp[j]=max(dp[j],dp[j-w[i]]+v[i]);//这里dp[i]表示容量为j时能放的最大价值


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