Winform 打印DataGrid View

转载 2012年03月19日 11:34:24

winform 打印原理..

1.先在画布上面画好表格

2.再在表格上面写上以前的字

此类不足:不能自定义 表标题的位置.以及表尾的内容. 以及 页眉 和 页脚的内容..

下次有空了记得修改:需求. 根据表格的行 和 列 ,宽和高 .自动创建出一个表格.然后可以智能设置页眉 和 页脚的内容[*****]

代码
<!-- Code highlighting produced by Actipro CodeHighlighter (freeware) http://www.CodeHighlighter.com/ -->using System; using System.Collections.Generic; using System.Text; using System.Windows.Forms; using System.Drawing.Printing; using System.Drawing; namespace Etaocn.Util { public class Printer { private DataGridView dataview; private PrintDocument printDoc; //打印有效区域的宽度 int width; int height; int columns; double Rate; bool hasMorePage = false; int currRow = 0; int rowHeight = 20; //打印页数 int PageNumber; //当前打印页的行数 int pageSize = 20; //当前打印的页码 int PageIndex; int AreaHeight; private int PageWidth; //打印纸的宽度 private int PageHeight; //打印纸的高度 private int LeftMargin; //有效打印区距离打印纸的左边大小 private int TopMargin;//有效打印区距离打印纸的上面大小 private int RightMargin;//有效打印区距离打印纸的右边大小 private int BottomMargin;//有效打印区距离打印纸的下边大小 int rows; private string[] footer; /**//// <summary> /// 构造函数 /// </summary> /// <param name="dataview">要打印的DateGridView</param> /// <param name="printDoc">PrintDocument用于获取打印机的设置</param> public Printer(DataGridView dataview, PrintDocument printDoc,string[] footer) { this.footer = footer; this.dataview = dataview; this.printDoc = printDoc; PageIndex = 0; //获取打印数据的具体行数 this.rows = dataview.RowCount; this.columns = dataview.ColumnCount; //判断打印设置是否是横向打印 if (!printDoc.DefaultPageSettings.Landscape) { PageWidth = printDoc.DefaultPageSettings.PaperSize.Width; PageHeight = printDoc.DefaultPageSettings.PaperSize.Height; } else { PageHeight = printDoc.DefaultPageSettings.PaperSize.Width; PageWidth = printDoc.DefaultPageSettings.PaperSize.Height; } LeftMargin = printDoc.DefaultPageSettings.Margins.Left-50; TopMargin = printDoc.DefaultPageSettings.Margins.Top+60; RightMargin = printDoc.DefaultPageSettings.Margins.Right; BottomMargin = printDoc.DefaultPageSettings.Margins.Bottom-100; height = PageHeight - TopMargin - BottomMargin - 2; width = PageWidth - LeftMargin - RightMargin - 2; double tempheight = height; double temprowHeight = rowHeight; while (true) { string temp = Convert.ToString(tempheight / Math.Round(temprowHeight, 3)); int i = temp.IndexOf('.'); double tt = 100; if (i != -1) { tt = Math.Round(Convert.ToDouble(temp.Substring(temp.IndexOf('.'))), 3); } if (tt <= 0.01) { rowHeight = Convert.ToInt32(temprowHeight); break; } else { temprowHeight = temprowHeight + 0.01; } } pageSize = height / rowHeight; if ((rows + 1) <= pageSize) { pageSize = rows + 1; PageNumber = 1; } else { PageNumber = rows / (pageSize - 1); if (rows % (pageSize - 1) != 0) { PageNumber = PageNumber + 1; } } } /**//// <summary> /// 初始化打印 /// </summary> private void InitPrint() { PageIndex = PageIndex + 1; if (PageIndex == PageNumber) { hasMorePage = false; if (PageIndex != 1) { pageSize = rows % (pageSize - 1) + 1; } } else { hasMorePage = true; } } //打印头 private void DrawHeader(Graphics g) { Font font = new Font("宋体", 11, FontStyle.Regular); int temptop = (rowHeight / 2) + TopMargin + 1; int templeft = LeftMargin + 1; for (int i = 0; i < this.columns; i++) { string headString = this.dataview.Columns[i].HeaderText; float fontHeight = g.MeasureString(headString, font).Height; float fontwidth = g.MeasureString(headString, font).Width; float temp = temptop - (fontHeight) / 3; g.DrawString(headString, font, Brushes.Black, new PointF(templeft, temp)); templeft = templeft + (int)(this.dataview.Columns[i].Width / Rate) + 1; } } //画表格 private void DrawTable(Graphics g) { Rectangle border = new Rectangle(LeftMargin, TopMargin, width, (pageSize) * rowHeight); g.DrawRectangle(new Pen(Brushes.Black, 1), border); for (int i = 1; i < pageSize; i++) { if (i != 1) { g.DrawLine(new Pen(Brushes.Black, 1), new Point(LeftMargin + 1, (rowHeight * i) + TopMargin + 1), new Point(width + LeftMargin, (rowHeight * i) + TopMargin + 1)); } else { g.DrawLine(new Pen(Brushes.Black, 1), new Point(LeftMargin + 1, (rowHeight * i) + TopMargin + 1), new Point(width + LeftMargin, (rowHeight * i) + TopMargin + 1)); } } //计算出列的总宽度和打印纸比率 Rate = Convert.ToDouble(GetDateViewWidth()) / Convert.ToDouble(width); int tempLeft = LeftMargin + 1; int endY = (pageSize) * rowHeight + TopMargin; for (int i = 1; i < columns; i++) { tempLeft = tempLeft + 1 + (int)(this.dataview.Columns[i - 1].Width / Rate); g.DrawLine(new Pen(Brushes.Black, 1), new Point(tempLeft, TopMargin), new Point(tempLeft, endY)); } } /**//// <summary> /// 获取打印的列的总宽度 /// </summary> /// <returns></returns> private int GetDateViewWidth() { int total = 0; for (int i = 0; i < this.columns; i++) { total = total + this.dataview.Columns[i].Width; } return total; } //打印行数据 private void DrawRows(Graphics g) { Font font = new Font("宋体", 11, FontStyle.Regular); int temptop = (rowHeight / 2) + TopMargin + 1 + rowHeight; for (int i = currRow; i < pageSize + currRow - 1; i++) { int templeft = LeftMargin + 1; for (int j = 0; j < columns; j++) { string headString = this.dataview.Rows[i].Cells[j].Value.ToString(); float fontHeight = g.MeasureString(headString, font).Height; float fontwidth = g.MeasureString(headString, font).Width; float temp = temptop - (fontHeight) / 3; while (true) { if (fontwidth <= (int)(this.dataview.Columns[j].Width / Rate)) { break; } else { headString = headString.Substring(0, headString.Length - 1); fontwidth = g.MeasureString(headString, font).Width; } } g.DrawString(headString, font, Brushes.Black, new PointF(templeft, temp)); templeft = templeft + (int)(this.dataview.Columns[j].Width / Rate) + 1; } temptop = temptop + rowHeight; } currRow = pageSize + currRow - 1; AreaHeight = temptop; } /**//// <summary> /// 在PrintDocument中的PrintPage方法中调用 /// </summary> /// <param name="g">传入PrintPage中PrintPageEventArgs中的Graphics</param> /// <returns>是否还有打印页 有返回true,无则返回false</returns> public bool Print(Graphics g) { InitPrint(); DrawTable(g); DrawHeader(g); DrawRows(g); //打印页码 string pagestr = PageIndex + " / " + PageNumber; Font font = new Font("宋体", 11, FontStyle.Regular); g.DrawString(pagestr, font, Brushes.Black, new PointF((PageWidth / 2) - g.MeasureString(pagestr, font).Width, PageHeight - (BottomMargin / 2) - g.MeasureString(pagestr, font).Height)); // 打印查询的功能项名称 return hasMorePage; } } }

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