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史上最强的Vim 配置文件(修正版)

标签: vimbufferpythoncmdinternationalizationunix
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史上最强的vimrc文件,据说有800行,还是作者精简后的结果.

我在尽可能保留原作者的创意的前提下做了些小的修正,主要的修改如下:

 

  • 增加了对win32系统的兼容,原来的vimrc文件只兼容linux和mac

  • 修正了一些快捷键,例如ctr-q被原作者用来搜索buffer,用过win32版本vim的都知道ctrl-q被用来作为块编辑的快捷键,所以ctrl-q是万万不能被移做他用的.

  • 去掉了colorscheme,原作者的colorscheme对我来说实在是太geeky,我想软件默认的colorscheme就该是最适合大多数人的.

  • 启用了swap文件,因为我的机器配置太低,而且我经常要编辑大文件

  • 取消了所有和python有关的plugin,因为一些路径问题,也因为我觉得vim对python的支持够强大了(事实是,我缺乏用python写大项目的经验).

  • 增加了对中文编码的支持,参考了吴咏炜的一篇文章

  • 兼容低版本vi,目前我在vim5.8.9, vim6.1,vim6.3, vim6.4,vim7.0, 上测试过。
  • 其他一些通用性,兼容性的修正

  • 去掉了输入([{时的自动填入右括号的功能,在我修改代码时增加很多麻烦.

 

我强烈建议你通读这个vimrc文件,一定会很有收获的,至少我是如此.

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" _
" __ |
" / | /
" __ |
" by Amix - http://amix.dk/
"
" Maintainer: Amir Salihefendic <amix3k at gmail.com>
" Version: 2.0
" Last Change: 12/08/06 13:39:28
" Fixed (win32 compatible) by: redguardtoo <chb_sh at gmail.com>
" This vimrc file is tested on platforms like win32,linux, cygwin,mingw
" and vim7.0, vim6.4, vim6.1, vim5.8.9 by redguardtoo
"
" Tip:
" If you find anything that you can't understand than do this:
" help keyword OR helpgrep keyword
" Example:
" Go into command-line mode and type helpgrep nocompatible, ie.
" :helpgrep nocompatible
" then press <leader>c to see the results, or :botright cw
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => General
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Get out of VI's compatible mode..
set nocompatible

function! MySys()
if has("win32")
return "win32"
elseif has("unix")
return "unix"
else
return "mac"
endif
endfunction
"Set shell to be bash
if MySys() == "unix" || MySys() == "mac"
set shell=bash
else
"I have to run win32 python without cygwin
"set shell=E:cygwininsh
endif

"Sets how many lines of history VIM har to remember
set history=400

"Enable filetype plugin
filetype on
if has("eval") && v:version>=600
filetype plugin on
filetype indent on
endif

"Set to auto read when a file is changed from the outside
if exists("&autoread")
set autoread
endif

"Have the mouse enabled all the time:
set mouse=a

"Set mapleader
let mapleader = ","
let g:mapleader = ","

"Fast saving
nmap <leader>w :w!<cr>


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Colors and Font
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Enable syntax hl
if MySys()=="unix"
if v:version<600
if filereadable(expand("$VIM/syntax/syntax.vim"))
syntax on
endif
else
syntax on
endif
else
syntax on
endif

"internationalization
"I only work in Win2k Chinese version
if has("multi_byte")
set termencoding=chinese
set encoding=utf-8
set fileencodings=ucs-bom,utf-8,chinese
endif

"if you use vim in tty,
"'uxterm -cjk' or putty with option 'Treat CJK ambiguous characters as wide' on
if exists("&ambiwidth")
set ambiwidth=double
endif

if has("gui_running")
set guioptions-=m
set guioptions-=T
set guioptions-=l
set guioptions-=L
set guioptions-=r
set guioptions-=R

if MySys()=="win32"
"start gvim maximized
if has("autocmd")
au GUIEnter * simalt ~x
endif
endif
"let psc_style='cool'
"colorscheme ps_color
"colorscheme default
else
"set background=dark
"colorscheme default
endif

"Some nice mapping to switch syntax (useful if one mixes different languages in one file)
map <leader>1 :set syntax=cheetah<cr>
map <leader>2 :set syntax=xhtml<cr>
map <leader>3 :set syntax=python<cr>
map <leader>4 :set ft=javascript<cr>
map <leader>$ :syntax sync fromstart<cr>

"Highlight current
if has("gui_running")
if exists("&cursorline")
set cursorline
endif
endif

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Fileformat
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Favorite filetype
set ffs=unix,dos,mac

nmap <leader>fd :se ff=dos<cr>
nmap <leader>fu :se ff=unix<cr>



"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => VIM userinterface
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Set 7 lines to the curors - when moving vertical..
set so=7

"Turn on WiLd menu
set wildmenu

"Always show current position
set ruler

"The commandbar is 2 high
set cmdheight=2

"Show line number
set nu

"Do not redraw, when running macros.. lazyredraw
set lz

"Change buffer - without saving
set hid

"Set backspace
set backspace=eol,start,indent

"Bbackspace and cursor keys wrap to
set whichwrap+=<,>,h,l

"Ignore case when searching
"set ignorecase
set incsearch

"Set magic on
set magic

"No sound on errors.
set noerrorbells
set novisualbell
set t_vb=

"show matching bracet
set showmatch

"How many tenths of a second to blink
set mat=4

"Highlight search thing
set hlsearch

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Statusline
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Format the statusline
" Nice statusbar
set laststatus=2
set statusline=
set statusline+=%2*%-3.3n%0*/ " buffer number
set statusline+=%f/ " file name
set statusline+=%h%1*%m%r%w%0* " flag
set statusline+=[
if v:version >= 600
set statusline+=%{strlen(&ft)?&ft:'none'}, " filetype
set statusline+=%{&encoding}, " encoding
endif
set statusline+=%{&fileformat}] " file format
if filereadable(expand("$VIM/vimfiles/plugin/vimbuddy.vim"))
set statusline+=/ %{VimBuddy()} " vim buddy
endif
set statusline+=%= " right align
set statusline+=%2*0x%-8B/ " current char
set statusline+=%-14.(%l,%c%V%)/ %<%P " offset

" special statusbar for special window
if has("autocmd")
au FileType qf
/ if &buftype == "quickfix" |
/ setlocal statusline=%2*%-3.3n%0* |
/ setlocal statusline+=/ /[Compiler/ Messages/] |
/ setlocal statusline+=%=%2*/ %<%P |
/ endif

fun! FixMiniBufExplorerTitle()
if "-MiniBufExplorer-" == bufname("%")
setlocal statusline=%2*%-3.3n%0*
setlocal statusline+=/[Buffers/]
setlocal statusline+=%=%2*/ %<%P
endif
endfun

if v:version>=600
au BufWinEnter *
/ let oldwinnr=winnr() |
/ windo call FixMiniBufExplorerTitle() |
/ exec oldwinnr . " wincmd w"
endif
endif

" Nice window title
if has('title') && (has('gui_running') || &title)
set titlestring=
set titlestring+=%f/ " file name
set titlestring+=%h%m%r%w " flag
set titlestring+=/ -/ %{v:progname} " program name
endif



"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Moving around and tab
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Map space to / and c-space to ?
map <space> /

"Smart way to move btw. window
map <C-j> <C-W>j
map <C-k> <C-W>k
map <C-h> <C-W>h
map <C-l> <C-W>l

"Actually, the tab does not switch buffers, but my arrow
"Bclose function ca be found in "Buffer related" section
map <leader>bd :Bclose<cr>
map <down> <leader>bd
"Use the arrows to something usefull
map <right> :bn<cr>
map <left> :bp<cr>

"Tab configuration
map <leader>tn :tabnew %<cr>
map <leader>tc :tabclose<cr>
map <leader>tm :tabmove

if v:version>=700
set switchbuf=usetab
endif

if exists("&showtabline")
set stal=2
endif

"Moving fast to front, back and 2 sides ;)
imap <m-$> <esc>$a
imap <m-0> <esc>0i
imap <D-$> <esc>$a
imap <D-0> <esc>0i


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => General Autocommand
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Switch to current dir
map <leader>cd :cd %:p:h<cr>


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Parenthesis/bracket expanding
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
vnoremap $1 <esc>`>a)<esc>`<i(<esc>
")
vnoremap $2 <esc>`>a]<esc>`<i[<esc>
vnoremap $3 <esc>`>a}<esc>`<i{<esc>
vnoremap $$ <esc>`>a"<esc>`<i"<esc>
vnoremap $q <esc>`>a'<esc>`<i'<esc>
vnoremap $w <esc>`>a"<esc>`<i"<esc>
imap <c-l> <esc>la
imap <c-h> <esc>ha

"Map auto complete of (, ", ', [
"http://www.vim.org/tips/tip.php?tip_id=153
"

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => General Abbrev
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Comment for C like language
if has("autocmd")
au BufNewFile,BufRead *.js,*.htc,*.c,*.tmpl,*.css ino $c /**<cr> **/<esc>O
endif

"My information
ia xdate <c-r>=strftime("%d/%m/%y %H:%M:%S")<cr>
"iab xname Amir Salihefendic

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Editing mappings etc.
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Remap VIM 0
map 0 ^

"Move a line of text using control
nmap <M-j> mz:m+<cr>`z
nmap <M-k> mz:m-2<cr>`z
vmap <M-j> :m'>+<cr>`<my`>mzgv`yo`z
vmap <M-k> :m'<-2<cr>`>my`<mzgv`yo`z

if MySys() == "mac"
nmap <D-j> <M-j>
nmap <D-k> <M-k>
vmap <D-j> <M-j>
vmap <D-k> <M-k>
endif


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Command-line config
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
func! Cwd()
let cwd = getcwd()
return "e " . cwd
endfunc

func! DeleteTillSlash()
let g:cmd = getcmdline()
if MySys() == "unix" || MySys() == "mac"
let g:cmd_edited = substitute(g:cmd, "(.*[/]).*", "", "")
else
let g:cmd_edited = substitute(g:cmd, "(.*[/]).*", "", "")
endif
if g:cmd == g:cmd_edited
if MySys() == "unix" || MySys() == "mac"
let g:cmd_edited = substitute(g:cmd, "(.*[/]).*/", "", "")
else
let g:cmd_edited = substitute(g:cmd, "(.*[/]).*[/]", "", "")
endif
endif
return g:cmd_edited
endfunc

func! CurrentFileDir(cmd)
return a:cmd . " " . expand("%:p:h") . "/"
endfunc

"cno $q <C->eDeleteTillSlash()<cr>
"cno $c e <C->eCurrentFileDir("e")<cr>
"cno $tc <C->eCurrentFileDir("tabnew")<cr>
cno $th tabnew ~/
cno $td tabnew ~/Desktop/

"Bash like
cno <C-A> <Home>
cno <C-E> <End>
cno <C-K> <C-U>


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Buffer realted
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Fast open a buffer by search for a name
"map <c-q> :sb

"Open a dummy buffer for paste
map <leader>q :e ~/buffer<cr>

"Restore cursor to file position in previous editing session
set viminfo='10,"100,:20,%,n~/.viminfo

" Buffer - reverse everything ... :)
map <F9> ggVGg?

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Files and backup
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Turn backup off
set nobackup
set nowb
"set noswapfile

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Folding
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Enable folding, I find it very useful
if exists("&foldenable")
set fen
endif

if exists("&foldlevel")
set fdl=0
endif

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Text option
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" python script
"set expandtab
set shiftwidth=2
set softtabstop=2
set tabstop=2
set backspace=2
set smarttab
set lbr
"set tw=500

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Indent
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Auto indent
set ai

"Smart indet
set si

"C-style indenting
set cindent

"Wrap line
set wrap


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Spell checking
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
map <leader>sn ]
map <leader>sp [
map <leader>sa zg
map <leader>s? z=


"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Plugin configuration
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Yank Ring
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
map <leader>y :YRShow<cr>

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => File explorer
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Split vertically
let g:explVertical=1

"Window size
let g:explWinSize=35

let g:explSplitLeft=1
let g:explSplitBelow=1

"Hide some file
let g:explHideFiles='^.,.*.class$,.*.swp$,.*.pyc$,.*.swo$,.DS_Store$'

"Hide the help thing..
let g:explDetailedHelp=0


""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Minibuffer
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
let g:miniBufExplModSelTarget = 1
let g:miniBufExplorerMoreThanOne = 0
let g:miniBufExplModSelTarget = 0
let g:miniBufExplUseSingleClick = 1
let g:miniBufExplMapWindowNavVim = 1
let g:miniBufExplVSplit = 25
let g:miniBufExplSplitBelow=1

"WindowZ
map <c-w><c-t> :WMToggle<cr>

let g:bufExplorerSortBy = "name"


""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Tag list (ctags) - not used
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"let Tlist_Ctags_Cmd = "/sw/bin/ctags-exuberant"
"let Tlist_Sort_Type = "name"
"let Tlist_Show_Menu = 1
"map <leader>t :Tlist<cr>
map <F3> :Tlist<cr>


""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => LaTeX Suite thing
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"set grepprg=grep -r -s -n
let g:Tex_DefaultTargetFormat="pdf"
let g:Tex_ViewRule_pdf='xpdf'

if has("autocmd")
"Binding
au BufRead *.tex map <silent><leader><space> :w!<cr> :silent! call Tex_RunLaTeX()<cr>

"Auto complete some things ;)
au BufRead *.tex ino <buffer> $i indent
au BufRead *.tex ino <buffer> $* cdot
au BufRead *.tex ino <buffer> $i item
au BufRead *.tex ino <buffer> $m [<cr>]<esc>O
endif

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Filetype generic
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Todo
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.todo so ~/vim_local/syntax/amido.vim

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => VIM
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
if has("autocmd") && v:version>600
au BufRead,BufNew *.vim map <buffer> <leader><space> :w!<cr>:source %<cr>
endif

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => HTML related
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" HTML entities - used by xml edit plugin
let xml_use_xhtml = 1
"let xml_no_auto_nesting = 1

"To HTML
let html_use_css = 0
let html_number_lines = 0
let use_xhtml = 1


""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Ruby & PHP section
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Python section
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
""Run the current buffer in python - ie. on leader+space
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py so ~/vim_local/syntax/python.vim
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py map <buffer> <leader><space> :w!<cr>:!python %<cr>
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py so ~/vim_local/plugin/python_fold.vim

""Set some bindings up for 'compile' of python
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py set makeprg=python -c "import py_compile,sys; sys.stderr=sys.stdout; py_compile.compile(r'%')"
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py set efm=%C %.%#,%A File "%f", line %l%.%#,%Z%[%^ ]%@=%m
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py nmap <buffer> <F8> :w!<cr>:make<cr>

""Python iMap
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py set cindent
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py ino <buffer> $r return
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py ino <buffer> $s self
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py ino <buffer> $c ##<cr>#<space><cr>#<esc>kla
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py ino <buffer> $i import
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py ino <buffer> $p print
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py ino <buffer> $d """<cr>"""<esc>O

""Run in the Python interpreter
"function! Python_Eval_VSplit() range
" let src = tempname()
" let dst = tempname()
" execute ": " . a:firstline . "," . a:lastline . "w " . src
" execute ":!python " . src . " > " . dst
" execute ":pedit! " . dst
"endfunction
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.py vmap <F7> :call Python_Eval_VSplit()<cr>


""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Cheetah section
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => Java section
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""

""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => JavaScript section
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.js so ~/vim_local/syntax/javascript.vim
"function! JavaScriptFold()
" set foldmethod=marker
" set foldmarker={,}
" set foldtext=getline(v:foldstart)
"endfunction
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.js call JavaScriptFold()
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.js imap <c-t> console.log();<esc>hi
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.js imap <c-a> alert();<esc>hi
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.js set nocindent
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.js ino <buffer> $r return

"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.js ino <buffer> $d //<cr>//<cr>//<esc>ka<space>
"au BufNewFile,BufRead *.js ino <buffer> $c /**<cr><space><cr>**/<esc>ka


if has("eval") && has("autocmd")
"vim 5.8.9 on mingw donot know what is <SID>, so I avoid to use function
"c/cpp
fun! Abbrev_cpp()
ia <buffer> cci const_iterator
ia <buffer> ccl cla
ia <buffer> cco const
ia <buffer> cdb bug
ia <buffer> cde throw
ia <buffer> cdf /** file<CR><CR>/<Up>
ia <buffer> cdg ingroup
ia <buffer> cdn /** Namespace <namespace<CR><CR>/<Up>
ia <buffer> cdp param
ia <buffer> cdt test
ia <buffer> cdx /**<CR><CR>/<Up>
ia <buffer> cit iterator
ia <buffer> cns Namespace ianamespace
ia <buffer> cpr protected
ia <buffer> cpu public
ia <buffer> cpv private
ia <buffer> csl std::list
ia <buffer> csm std::map
ia <buffer> css std::string
ia <buffer> csv std::vector
ia <buffer> cty typedef
ia <buffer> cun using Namespace ianamespace
ia <buffer> cvi virtual
ia <buffer> #i #include
ia <buffer> #d #define
endfunction

fun! Abbrev_java()
ia <buffer> #i import
ia <buffer> #p System.out.println
ia <buffer> #m public static void main(String[] args)
endfunction

fun! Abbrev_python()
ia <buffer> #i import
ia <buffer> #p print
ia <buffer> #m if __name__=="__main":
endfunction
augroup abbreviation
au!
au FileType cpp,c :call Abbrev_cpp()
au FileType java :call Abbrev_java()
au FileType python :call Abbrev_python()
augroup END
endif

"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
" => MISC
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
"Remove the Windows ^M
noremap <Leader>m :%s/r//g<CR>

"Paste toggle - when pasting something in, don't indent.
"set pastetoggle=<F3>

"Remove indenting on empty line
map <F2> :%s//s*$//g<cr>:noh<cr>''

"Super paste
ino <C-v> <esc>:set paste<cr>mui<C-R>+<esc>mv'uV'v=:set nopaste<cr>

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