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MD5(C++实现)

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MD5(C++实现)

MD5.h

//MD5.h
#ifndef BZF_MD5_H
#define BZF_MD5_H

#include <string>
#include <iostream>


// a small class for calculating MD5 hashes of strings or byte arrays
// it is not meant to be fast or secure
//
// usage: 1) feed it blocks of uchars with update()
//      2) finalize()
//      3) get hexdigest() string
//      or
//      MD5(std::string).hexdigest()
//
// assumes that char is 8 bit and int is 32 bit
class MD5
{
public:
    typedef unsigned int size_type; // must be 32bit

    MD5();
    MD5(const std::string& text);
    void update(const unsigned char *buf, size_type length);
    void update(const char *buf, size_type length);
    MD5& finalize();
    std::string hexdigest() const;
    friend std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream&, MD5 md5);

private:
    void init();
    typedef unsigned char uint1; //  8bit
    typedef unsigned int uint4;  // 32bit
    enum {blocksize = 64}; // VC6 won't eat a const static int here

    void transform(const uint1 block[blocksize]);
    static void decode(uint4 output[], const uint1 input[], size_type len);
    static void encode(uint1 output[], const uint4 input[], size_type len);

    bool finalized;
    uint1 buffer[blocksize]; // bytes that didn't fit in last 64 byte chunk
    uint4 count[2];   // 64bit counter for number of bits (lo, hi)
    uint4 state[4];   // digest so far
    uint1 digest[16]; // the result

    // low level logic operations
    static inline uint4 F(uint4 x, uint4 y, uint4 z);
    static inline uint4 G(uint4 x, uint4 y, uint4 z);
    static inline uint4 H(uint4 x, uint4 y, uint4 z);
    static inline uint4 I(uint4 x, uint4 y, uint4 z);
    static inline uint4 rotate_left(uint4 x, int n);
    static inline void FF(uint4 &a, uint4 b, uint4 c, uint4 d, uint4 x, uint4 s, uint4 ac);
    static inline void GG(uint4 &a, uint4 b, uint4 c, uint4 d, uint4 x, uint4 s, uint4 ac);
    static inline void HH(uint4 &a, uint4 b, uint4 c, uint4 d, uint4 x, uint4 s, uint4 ac);
    static inline void II(uint4 &a, uint4 b, uint4 c, uint4 d, uint4 x, uint4 s, uint4 ac);
};

std::string md5(const std::string str);

#endif

MD5.cpp

    //MD5.cpp
    /* MD5
    converted to C++ class by Frank Thilo (thilo@unix-ag.org)
    for bzflag (http://www.bzflag.org)

    based on:

    md5.h and md5.c
    reference implemantion of RFC 1321

    Copyright (C) 1991-2, RSA Data Security, Inc. Created 1991. All
    rights reserved.

    License to copy and use this software is granted provided that it
    is identified as the "RSA Data Security, Inc. MD5 Message-Digest
    Algorithm" in all material mentioning or referencing this software
    or this function.

    License is also granted to make and use derivative works provided
    that such works are identified as "derived from the RSA Data
    Security, Inc. MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm" in all material
    mentioning or referencing the derived work.

    RSA Data Security, Inc. makes no representations concerning either
    the merchantability of this software or the suitability of this
    software for any particular purpose. It is provided "as is"
    without express or implied warranty of any kind.

    These notices must be retained in any copies of any part of this
    documentation and/or software.

    */

    /* interface header */
    #include "MD5.h"

    /* system implementation headers */
    #include <stdio.h>


    // Constants for MD5Transform routine.
    #define S11 7
    #define S12 12
    #define S13 17
    #define S14 22
    #define S21 5
    #define S22 9
    #define S23 14
    #define S24 20
    #define S31 4
    #define S32 11
    #define S33 16
    #define S34 23
    #define S41 6
    #define S42 10
    #define S43 15
    #define S44 21

    ///////////////////////////////////////////////

    // F, G, H and I are basic MD5 functions.
    inline MD5::uint4 MD5::F(uint4 x, uint4 y, uint4 z) {
        return x&y | ~x&z;
    }

    inline MD5::uint4 MD5::G(uint4 x, uint4 y, uint4 z) {
        return x&z | y&~z;
    }

    inline MD5::uint4 MD5::H(uint4 x, uint4 y, uint4 z) {
        return x^y^z;
    }

    inline MD5::uint4 MD5::I(uint4 x, uint4 y, uint4 z) {
        return y ^ (x | ~z);
    }

    // rotate_left rotates x left n bits.
    inline MD5::uint4 MD5::rotate_left(uint4 x, int n) {
        return (x << n) | (x >> (32-n));
    }

    // FF, GG, HH, and II transformations for rounds 1, 2, 3, and 4.
    // Rotation is separate from addition to prevent recomputation.
    inline void MD5::FF(uint4 &a, uint4 b, uint4 c, uint4 d, uint4 x, uint4 s, uint4 ac) {
        a = rotate_left(a+ F(b,c,d) + x + ac, s) + b;
    }

    inline void MD5::GG(uint4 &a, uint4 b, uint4 c, uint4 d, uint4 x, uint4 s, uint4 ac) {
        a = rotate_left(a + G(b,c,d) + x + ac, s) + b;
    }

    inline void MD5::HH(uint4 &a, uint4 b, uint4 c, uint4 d, uint4 x, uint4 s, uint4 ac) {
        a = rotate_left(a + H(b,c,d) + x + ac, s) + b;
    }

    inline void MD5::II(uint4 &a, uint4 b, uint4 c, uint4 d, uint4 x, uint4 s, uint4 ac) {
        a = rotate_left(a + I(b,c,d) + x + ac, s) + b;
    }

    //////////////////////////////////////////////

    // default ctor, just initailize
    MD5::MD5()
    {
        init();
    }

    //////////////////////////////////////////////

    // nifty shortcut ctor, compute MD5 for string and finalize it right away
    MD5::MD5(const std::string &text)
    {
        init();
        update(text.c_str(), text.length());
        finalize();
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    void MD5::init()
    {
        finalized=false;

        count[0] = 0;
        count[1] = 0;

        // load magic initialization constants.
        state[0] = 0x67452301;
        state[1] = 0xefcdab89;
        state[2] = 0x98badcfe;
        state[3] = 0x10325476;
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    // decodes input (unsigned char) into output (uint4). Assumes len is a multiple of 4.
    void MD5::decode(uint4 output[], const uint1 input[], size_type len)
    {
        for (unsigned int i = 0, j = 0; j < len; i++, j += 4)
            output[i] = ((uint4)input[j]) | (((uint4)input[j+1]) << 8) |
            (((uint4)input[j+2]) << 16) | (((uint4)input[j+3]) << 24);
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    // encodes input (uint4) into output (unsigned char). Assumes len is
    // a multiple of 4.
    void MD5::encode(uint1 output[], const uint4 input[], size_type len)
    {
        for (size_type i = 0, j = 0; j < len; i++, j += 4) {
            output[j] = input[i] & 0xff;
            output[j+1] = (input[i] >> 8) & 0xff;
            output[j+2] = (input[i] >> 16) & 0xff;
            output[j+3] = (input[i] >> 24) & 0xff;
        }
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    // apply MD5 algo on a block
    void MD5::transform(const uint1 block[blocksize])
    {
        uint4 a = state[0], b = state[1], c = state[2], d = state[3], x[16];
        decode (x, block, blocksize);

        /* Round 1 */
        FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S11, 0xd76aa478); /* 1 */
        FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 1], S12, 0xe8c7b756); /* 2 */
        FF (c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S13, 0x242070db); /* 3 */
        FF (b, c, d, a, x[ 3], S14, 0xc1bdceee); /* 4 */
        FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S11, 0xf57c0faf); /* 5 */
        FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 5], S12, 0x4787c62a); /* 6 */
        FF (c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S13, 0xa8304613); /* 7 */
        FF (b, c, d, a, x[ 7], S14, 0xfd469501); /* 8 */
        FF (a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S11, 0x698098d8); /* 9 */
        FF (d, a, b, c, x[ 9], S12, 0x8b44f7af); /* 10 */
        FF (c, d, a, b, x[10], S13, 0xffff5bb1); /* 11 */
        FF (b, c, d, a, x[11], S14, 0x895cd7be); /* 12 */
        FF (a, b, c, d, x[12], S11, 0x6b901122); /* 13 */
        FF (d, a, b, c, x[13], S12, 0xfd987193); /* 14 */
        FF (c, d, a, b, x[14], S13, 0xa679438e); /* 15 */
        FF (b, c, d, a, x[15], S14, 0x49b40821); /* 16 */

        /* Round 2 */
        GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S21, 0xf61e2562); /* 17 */
        GG (d, a, b, c, x[ 6], S22, 0xc040b340); /* 18 */
        GG (c, d, a, b, x[11], S23, 0x265e5a51); /* 19 */
        GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 0], S24, 0xe9b6c7aa); /* 20 */
        GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S21, 0xd62f105d); /* 21 */
        GG (d, a, b, c, x[10], S22,  0x2441453); /* 22 */
        GG (c, d, a, b, x[15], S23, 0xd8a1e681); /* 23 */
        GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 4], S24, 0xe7d3fbc8); /* 24 */
        GG (a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S21, 0x21e1cde6); /* 25 */
        GG (d, a, b, c, x[14], S22, 0xc33707d6); /* 26 */
        GG (c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S23, 0xf4d50d87); /* 27 */
        GG (b, c, d, a, x[ 8], S24, 0x455a14ed); /* 28 */
        GG (a, b, c, d, x[13], S21, 0xa9e3e905); /* 29 */
        GG (d, a, b, c, x[ 2], S22, 0xfcefa3f8); /* 30 */
        GG (c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S23, 0x676f02d9); /* 31 */
        GG (b, c, d, a, x[12], S24, 0x8d2a4c8a); /* 32 */

        /* Round 3 */
        HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S31, 0xfffa3942); /* 33 */
        HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 8], S32, 0x8771f681); /* 34 */
        HH (c, d, a, b, x[11], S33, 0x6d9d6122); /* 35 */
        HH (b, c, d, a, x[14], S34, 0xfde5380c); /* 36 */
        HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S31, 0xa4beea44); /* 37 */
        HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 4], S32, 0x4bdecfa9); /* 38 */
        HH (c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S33, 0xf6bb4b60); /* 39 */
        HH (b, c, d, a, x[10], S34, 0xbebfbc70); /* 40 */
        HH (a, b, c, d, x[13], S31, 0x289b7ec6); /* 41 */
        HH (d, a, b, c, x[ 0], S32, 0xeaa127fa); /* 42 */
        HH (c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S33, 0xd4ef3085); /* 43 */
        HH (b, c, d, a, x[ 6], S34,  0x4881d05); /* 44 */
        HH (a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S31, 0xd9d4d039); /* 45 */
        HH (d, a, b, c, x[12], S32, 0xe6db99e5); /* 46 */
        HH (c, d, a, b, x[15], S33, 0x1fa27cf8); /* 47 */
        HH (b, c, d, a, x[ 2], S34, 0xc4ac5665); /* 48 */

        /* Round 4 */
        II (a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S41, 0xf4292244); /* 49 */
        II (d, a, b, c, x[ 7], S42, 0x432aff97); /* 50 */
        II (c, d, a, b, x[14], S43, 0xab9423a7); /* 51 */
        II (b, c, d, a, x[ 5], S44, 0xfc93a039); /* 52 */
        II (a, b, c, d, x[12], S41, 0x655b59c3); /* 53 */
        II (d, a, b, c, x[ 3], S42, 0x8f0ccc92); /* 54 */
        II (c, d, a, b, x[10], S43, 0xffeff47d); /* 55 */
        II (b, c, d, a, x[ 1], S44, 0x85845dd1); /* 56 */
        II (a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S41, 0x6fa87e4f); /* 57 */
        II (d, a, b, c, x[15], S42, 0xfe2ce6e0); /* 58 */
        II (c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S43, 0xa3014314); /* 59 */
        II (b, c, d, a, x[13], S44, 0x4e0811a1); /* 60 */
        II (a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S41, 0xf7537e82); /* 61 */
        II (d, a, b, c, x[11], S42, 0xbd3af235); /* 62 */
        II (c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S43, 0x2ad7d2bb); /* 63 */
        II (b, c, d, a, x[ 9], S44, 0xeb86d391); /* 64 */

        state[0] += a;
        state[1] += b;
        state[2] += c;
        state[3] += d;

        // Zeroize sensitive information.
        memset(x, 0, sizeof x);
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    // MD5 block update operation. Continues an MD5 message-digest
    // operation, processing another message block
    void MD5::update(const unsigned char input[], size_type length)
    {
        // compute number of bytes mod 64
        size_type index = count[0] / 8 % blocksize;

        // Update number of bits
        if ((count[0] += (length << 3)) < (length << 3))
            count[1]++;
        count[1] += (length >> 29);

        // number of bytes we need to fill in buffer
        size_type firstpart = 64 - index;

        size_type i;

        // transform as many times as possible.
        if (length >= firstpart)
        {
            // fill buffer first, transform
            memcpy(&buffer[index], input, firstpart);
            transform(buffer);

            // transform chunks of blocksize (64 bytes)
            for (i = firstpart; i + blocksize <= length; i += blocksize)
                transform(&input[i]);

            index = 0;
        }
        else
            i = 0;

        // buffer remaining input
        memcpy(&buffer[index], &input[i], length-i);
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    // for convenience provide a verson with signed char
    void MD5::update(const char input[], size_type length)
    {
        update((const unsigned char*)input, length);
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    // MD5 finalization. Ends an MD5 message-digest operation, writing the
    // the message digest and zeroizing the context.
    MD5& MD5::finalize()
    {
        static unsigned char padding[64] = {
            0x80, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
            0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
            0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
        };

        if (!finalized) {
            // Save number of bits
            unsigned char bits[8];
            encode(bits, count, 8);

            // pad out to 56 mod 64.
            size_type index = count[0] / 8 % 64;
            size_type padLen = (index < 56) ? (56 - index) : (120 - index);
            update(padding, padLen);

            // Append length (before padding)
            update(bits, 8);

            // Store state in digest
            encode(digest, state, 16);

            // Zeroize sensitive information.
            memset(buffer, 0, sizeof buffer);
            memset(count, 0, sizeof count);

            finalized=true;
        }

        return *this;
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    // return hex representation of digest as string
    std::string MD5::hexdigest() const
    {
        if (!finalized)
            return "";

        char buf[33];
        for (int i=0; i<16; i++)
            sprintf(buf+i*2, "%02x", digest[i]);
        buf[32]=0;

        return std::string(buf);
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& out, MD5 md5)
    {
        return out << md5.hexdigest();
    }

    //////////////////////////////

    std::string md5(const std::string str)
    {
        MD5 md5 = MD5(str);

        return md5.hexdigest();
    }

main.cpp

#include <iostream>
#include "MD5.h"
using namespace std;

int main()
{
    MD5 md5("Hello Alice,I'm Bob");
    cout<<md5.hexdigest();
    return 0;
}
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