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java 从零开始,学习笔记之基础入门<servlet_文件下载>(二十七)

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servlet_文件下载

文件下载

1.        利用BufferedInputStream读取服务器上的文件

2.        利用ServletOutputStream将读取到的字节内容传递到客户端

3.        注意在进行文件下载时,指定被下载文件的类型

 

文件下载步骤:

1.        下载页面。在页面上提供出下载的列表,如果和数据库连接,则动态从数据库中读取文件列表

2.        构建下载的Servlet,来处理下载的请求

 


两个servlet

1.  一个servlet处理显示文件列表

2.  一个servlet负责单独处理下载的事件

 

一个页面

一个页面显示所有文件列表信息

 


Action:视图所对应的活动会话

Dao:数据访问对象

Dto:数据持久(传输)对象

Factory:各种类型的工厂。在slesson2中表示的是连接工厂

Util:工具辅助类,开发中将经常抽象的重复的方法可以汇总之后存放到此包中,以供复用

 

 

文件下载代码:

Web.html

Web.html

<?xmlversion="1.0"encoding="UTF-8"?>

<web-appversion="2.5"

    xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"

    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"

    xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee

    http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd">

  <servlet>

    <description>This is the description of my J2EE component</description>

    <display-name>This is the display name of my J2EE component</display-name>

    <servlet-name>ShowFileAction</servlet-name>

    <servlet-class>com.ibm.action.ShowFileAction</servlet-class>

  </servlet>

  <servlet>

    <description>This is the description of my J2EE component</description>

    <display-name>This is the display name of my J2EE component</display-name>

    <servlet-name>download</servlet-name>

    <servlet-class>com.ibm.action.download</servlet-class>

 <!--配置pdf文件下载路径 -->

  <init-param>

  <param-name>pdfdir</param-name>

  <param-value>pdf</param-value>

  </init-param>

  </servlet>

 

 

  <servlet-mapping>

    <servlet-name>ShowFileAction</servlet-name>

    <url-pattern>/showfile</url-pattern>

  </servlet-mapping>

  <servlet-mapping>

    <servlet-name>download</servlet-name>

    <url-pattern>/download</url-pattern>

  </servlet-mapping>

  <welcome-file-list>

    <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file>

  </welcome-file-list>

</web-app>

 

 

Index.jsp

Index.jsp

<%@ pagelanguage="java"import="java.util.*"pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>

<%

String path = request.getContextPath();

String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";

%>

 

<!DOCTYPEHTMLPUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">

<html>

  <head>

    <basehref="<%=basePath%>">

   

    <title>导航页面</title>

    <metahttp-equiv="pragma"content="no-cache">

    <metahttp-equiv="cache-control"content="no-cache">

    <metahttp-equiv="expires"content="0">   

    <metahttp-equiv="keywords"content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">

    <metahttp-equiv="description"content="This is my page">

    <!--

    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">

    -->

  </head>

 

  <body>

    导航

    <br>

    <ahref="showfile">跳转到下载页面</a>

  </body>

</html>

 

UFile.java

package com.ibm.dto;

/**

 *用户文件类

 *@author123

 *

 */

public class UFile {

   privateint fileId;

   private StringfiName;

public int getFileId() {

    returnfileId;

}

public void setFileId(int fileId) {

    this.fileId = fileId;

}

public String getFiName() {

    returnfiName;

}

public void setFiName(String fiName) {

    this.fiName = fiName;

}

  

}

 

IFileDAO.java

IFileDAO.java

package com.ibm.dao;

 

import java.util.List;

 

import com.ibm.dto.UFile;

 

/**

 *文件操作接口

 *@author123

 *

 */

public interface IFileDAO {

    //ctrl+shift+o批量导包快捷键

    //获得所有文件信息

   public List<UFile> getAllFile();

}

 

 

FileDAOImp.java

FileDAOImp.java

package com.ibm.dao.imp;

 

import java.sql.Connection;

import java.sql.ResultSet;

import java.sql.SQLException;

import java.sql.Statement;

import java.util.ArrayList;

import java.util.List;

 

import com.ibm.dao.IFileDAO;

import com.ibm.dto.UFile;

 

public class FileDAOImpimplements IFileDAO {

    //申明连接对象

    private Connectionconn;

    //通过构造函数为对连接对象赋值

    public FileDAOImp(Connection conn){

       this.conn=conn;

    }

    public List<UFile> getAllFile() {

       //文件列表

       List<UFile> list=null;

       Statement stmt=null;

       ResultSet rs=null;

       try {

           list=new ArrayList<UFile>();

           String sql="select * from filetb";

           //获取命令执行对象

           stmt=conn.createStatement();

           //执行sql语句获得结果集

           rs=stmt.executeQuery(sql);

           //边循环边取出文件信息并存到list

           while(rs.next()){

              UFile ufile=new UFile();

              ufile.setFileId(rs.getInt(1));

              ufile.setFiName(rs.getString(2));

              list.add(ufile);

           }

       } catch (Exception e) {

           //TODO: handle exception

           e.printStackTrace();

       }finally{

           //关闭是由小到大关闭

              try {

                  if(rs!=null){

                  rs.close();

                  }

                  if(stmt!=null){

                     stmt.close();

                  }

                  if(conn!=null){

                     conn.close();

                  }

              } catch (SQLException e) {

                  //TODO Auto-generated catch block

                  e.printStackTrace();

              }

           }

      

      

       return list;

    }

 

}

 

 

Test.java(测试)

Test.java(测试)

package com.ibm.test;

 

import java.util.List;

 

import com.ibm.dao.IFileDAO;

import com.ibm.dto.UFile;

import com.ibm.factory.DAOFactory;

import com.ibm.factory.SqlDAOFactory;

 

public class Test {

    public staticvoid main(String[] args) {

       //根据选择的产品获得DAO工厂

       SqlDAOFactory daoFactory=(SqlDAOFactory)DAOFactory.getDaoFactory(1);

       //获得具体的DAO

       IFileDAO dao=daoFactory.getFileDAO();

       //调用getAllFile方法获得文件信息列表

       List<UFile> list=dao.getAllFile();

        //循环输出获得的信息

       for(UFile file:list){

        System.out.println("文件名是:"+file.getFiName());

        }

    }

 

}

 

 

ShowFileAction.java

ShowFileAction.java

package com.ibm.action;

 

import java.io.IOException;

import java.io.PrintWriter;

import java.util.List;

 

import javax.servlet.RequestDispatcher;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

 

import com.ibm.dao.IFileDAO;

import com.ibm.dto.UFile;

import com.ibm.factory.DAOFactory;

import com.ibm.factory.SqlDAOFactory;

 

public class ShowFileActionextends HttpServlet {

 

    /**

     *Constructoroftheobject.

     */

    public ShowFileAction() {

       super();

    }

 

    /**

     *Destructionoftheservlet.<br>

     */

    publicvoid destroy() {

       super.destroy();// Just puts "destroy" string in log

       // Put your code here

    }

 

    public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)

           throws ServletException, IOException {

 

       SqlDAOFactory daoFactory=(SqlDAOFactory)DAOFactory.getDaoFactory(1);

       //获得具体的DAO

       IFileDAO dao=daoFactory.getFileDAO();

       //调用getAllFile方法获得文件信息列表

       List<UFile> list=dao.getAllFile();

        request.setAttribute("filelist", list);

        //服务器内部转发对象将文件信息列表传递到filelist.jsp页面中

        RequestDispatcher rd=request.getRequestDispatcher("filelist.jsp");

        rd.forward(request,response);

    }

 

    public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)

           throws ServletException, IOException {

 

       response.setContentType("text/html");

       PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();

       out

              .println("<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC \"-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN\">");

       out.println("<HTML>");

       out.println(<HEAD><TITLE>A Servlet</TITLE></HEAD>");

       out.println(<BODY>");

       out.print("   This is ");

       out.print(this.getClass());

       out.println(", using the POST method");

       out.println(</BODY>");

       out.println("</HTML>");

       out.flush();

       out.close();

    }

 

    /**

     *Initializationoftheservlet.<br>

     *

     *@throwsServletExceptionifanerroroccurs

     */

    public void init()throws ServletException {

       // Put your code here

    }

 

}

 

 

Filelist.java

Filelist.java

<%@ pagelanguage="java"import="java.util.*"pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>

<%@pageimport="com.ibm.dto.UFile"%>

<%

String path = request.getContextPath();

String basePath = request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.getServerPort()+path+"/";

//request对象中获得文件列表信息

List<UFile> list=(ArrayList<UFile>)request.getAttribute("filelist");

%>

 

<!DOCTYPEHTMLPUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">

<html>

  <head>

    <basehref="<%=basePath%>">

   

    <title>My JSP 'filelist.jsp' starting page</title>

   

    <metahttp-equiv="pragma"content="no-cache">

    <metahttp-equiv="cache-control"content="no-cache">

    <metahttp-equiv="expires"content="0">   

    <metahttp-equiv="keywords"content="keyword1,keyword2,keyword3">

    <metahttp-equiv="description"content="This is my page">

    <!--

    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">

    -->

 

  </head>

 

  <body>

  文件列表

  <hr>

  <table>

  <tr>

  <td>文件名称</td>

  <td>操作</td>

  </tr>

  <%for(UFile file:list){%>

  <tr>

  <td><%=file.getFiName()%></td>

  <!--文件下载连接 -->

  <td><ahref="download?filename=<%=file.getFiName()%>">下载</a></td>

  </tr>

  <% }%>

  </table>

  </body>

</html>

 

 

Download.java

Download.java

package com.ibm.action;

 

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;

import java.io.File;

import java.io.FileInputStream;

import java.io.IOException;

import java.io.PrintWriter;

 

import javax.servlet.ServletException;

import javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

 

public class downloadextends HttpServlet {

    

    //pdf文件在web应用存放的文件夹名称

    private StringpdfDir;

    /**

     *Constructoroftheobject.

     */

    public download() {

       super();

    }

 

    /**

     *Destructionoftheservlet.<br>

     */

    publicvoid destroy() {

       super.destroy();// Just puts "destroy" string in log

       // Put your code here

    }

 

    /**

     *ThedoGetmethodoftheservlet.<br>

     *

     *Thismethodiscalledwhenaformhasitstagvaluemethodequalstoget.

     *

     *@paramrequesttherequestsendbytheclienttotheserver

     *@paramresponsetheresponsesendbytheservertotheclient

     *@throwsServletExceptionifanerroroccurred

     *@throwsIOExceptionifanerroroccurred

     */

    publicvoid doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)

           throws ServletException, IOException {

//默认的连接方式的请求都是用doGet方式来处理的

       //获得用户需要下载的文件名称

       String fileName=request.getParameter("filename");

       System.out.println("用户需要下载的文件是:"+fileName);

       //getServletContext获得当前servlet在容器中的上下文信息

       String appPath=this.getServletContext().getRealPath("/");

       System.out.println("服务器中应用所在的根目录是:"+appPath);

      //第一步:拼装需要下载的文件的完整路径

        String filePath=appPath+File.separator+"pdf"+File.separator+fileName;

        System.out.println("下载的文件所在的完整路径是:"+filePath);

        //第二步指定文件下载的类型,并将相关文件信息写出到客户端浏览器的头部

        response.setContentType("application/pdf");

        //以附件的形式传递到客户端附件名称由"attachment;filename="中的filename指定

        response.addHeader("Content-Disposition","attachment;filename="+fileName);

        //第三步:边读取服务器上的文件边以字节流的形式向客户端输出

        BufferedInputStream br=new BufferedInputStream(new FileInputStream(filePath));

        //读取的大小

        byte[] buffer=newbyte[1024];

        int len=0;

        //获取网络传递流对象

        ServletOutputStream os=response.getOutputStream();

        while((len=br.read(buffer))!=-1){

        os.write(buffer,0,len);

        }

        //都写完后关闭流

        os.flush();

        os.close();

        br.close();

       

    }

 

    /**

     *ThedoPostmethodoftheservlet.<br>

     *

     *Thismethodiscalledwhenaformhasitstagvaluemethodequalstopost.

     *

     *@paramrequesttherequestsendbytheclienttotheserver

     *@paramresponsetheresponsesendbytheservertotheclient

     *@throwsServletExceptionifanerroroccurred

     *@throwsIOExceptionifanerroroccurred

     */

    publicvoid doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)

           throws ServletException, IOException {

 

       response.setContentType("text/html");

       PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();

       out

              .println("<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC \"-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN\">");

       out.println("<HTML>");

       out.println(<HEAD><TITLE>A Servlet</TITLE></HEAD>");

       out.println(<BODY>");

       out.print("   This is ");

       out.print(this.getClass());

       out.println(", using the POST method");

       out.println(</BODY>");

       out.println("</HTML>");

       out.flush();

       out.close();

    }

 

    /**

     *Initializationoftheservlet.<br>

     *

     *@throwsServletExceptionifanerroroccurs

     */

    public void init()throws ServletException {

       // Put your code here

      

          //pdfdir来自于web.xmlservlet节点中配置的param-name

       this.getInitParameter("pdfdir");

       System.out.println("pdf所存放的路径名是:"+pdfDir);

 

      

    }

 

}

 

 

 

数据库加工厂

ConnectionFactory.java

package com.ibm.factory;

 

import java.sql.Connection;

import java.sql.DriverManager;

import java.sql.SQLException;

 

 

/**

 *单子模式

 *@authoryxx

 *作业:模仿DAOfactory的构建方式创建ConnectionFactory

 *

 */

public class ConnectionFactory {

    //驱动字符串

    private static final StringdriverCls="com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerDriver";

   

    //连接字符串

    privatestatic final Stringurl="jdbc:sqlserver://localhost:1433;databasename=j1201";

   

    //用户名

    private static final Stringusername="sa";

   

    //用户密码

    privatestaticfinal Stringuserpwd="123";

   

    //连接对象

    private static Connectionconn;

 

    private ConnectionFactory() {

       //TODO Auto-generated constructor stub

    }

    /**

     *获得数据库连接对象

     *@returnConnection

     */

    publicstatic Connection getInstance(){

       try {

           if(conn==null){

              Class.forName(driverCls);

              conn=DriverManager.getConnection(url,username,userpwd);

           }

       } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {

           //TODO Auto-generated catch block

           e.printStackTrace();

       } catch (SQLException e) {

           //TODO Auto-generated catch block

           e.printStackTrace();

       }

       return conn;

    }

       

   

   

 

}

 

DAOFactory.java

package com.ibm.factory;

 

import javax.sql.rowset.CachedRowSet;

 

/**

 *根据不同的数据库产品,获取不同的数据连接对象,

 *从而生成不同类型的DAO

 *@authoryxx

 *

 */

public abstract class DAOFactory {

   

    //默认选择的值1Sql类型的数据库

    publicstatic final intnum=1;

   

   

    /**

     *返回数据库DAO工厂

     *@paramchoose选择的数据库产品

     *@returnDAOFactory

     */

    public static DAOFactory getDaoFactory(int choose){

       //com.sun.rowset.

      

 

       DAOFactory df=null;

       switch (choose==0?num:choose) {

           //返回Sql工厂

       case 1:

           df= new SqlDAOFactory(ConnectionFactory.getInstance());

           break;

           //返回Mysql工厂

       case 2:

           df= new MysqlDAOFactory(ConnectionFactory.getInstance());

           break;

       default:

           break;

       }

       return df;

    }

 

}

 

MysqlDAOFactory.java

package com.ibm.factory;

 

import java.sql.Connection;

 

import com.ibm.dao.UserDAO;

import com.ibm.dao.imp.UserDAOImp;

 

public class MysqlDAOFactoryextends DAOFactory {

 

    //com.sun.rowset.CachedRowSetImpl

    private Connectionconn =null;

 

    public MysqlDAOFactory(Connection conn) {

      

       //TODO Auto-generated constructor stub

       this.conn = conn;

    }

 

    /**

     *获得UserDAO

     *

     *@paramconn

     *           连接对象

     *@returnUserDAO

     */

    public UserDAO getUserDAO(Connection conn) {

 

       // CachedRowSetImpl cri=new CachedRowSetImpl();

 

       returnnew UserDAOImp(conn);

    }

 

}

 

SqlDAOFactory.java

package com.ibm.factory;

 

import java.sql.Connection;

 

import com.ibm.dao.IFileDAO;

import com.ibm.dao.UserDAO;

import com.ibm.dao.imp.FileDAOImp;

import com.ibm.dao.imp.UserDAOImp;

 

public class SqlDAOFactoryextends DAOFactory{

   

   

    private Connectionconn=null;

   

    public SqlDAOFactory(Connection conn) {

       //TODO Auto-generated constructor stub

       this.conn=conn;

    }

    /**

     *获得UserDAO

     *@paramconn连接对象

     *@returnUserDAO

     */

    public UserDAO getUserDAO(){

       return new UserDAOImp(conn);

    }

    /**

     *获得文件操作DAO

     *@return

     */

    public IFileDAO getFileDAO(){

       return new FileDAOImp(conn);

    }

}

 

 

 


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