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scim-pinyin编译过程

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一、下载scim-pinyin-0.5.91和scim-1.4.9源码,并放在同一路径下,方便设置路径环境变量。

二、进入scim-pinyin-0.5.91源码,执行./configure,然后make,会出现如下错误:

 

Q1问题1:scim.pc找不到

checking for scim >= 1.2.0... Package scim was not found in the pkg-config search path. Perhaps you should add the directory containing `scim.pc' to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable No package 'scim' found
configure: error: Library requirements (scim >= 1.2.0) not met; consider adjusting the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable if your libraries are in a nonstandard prefix so pkg-config can find them.

 

A1解决方案:

将scim-1.4.9源码下的scim.pc拷贝至pinyin源码目录下,并设置环境变量export PKG_CONFIG_PATH=./

修改scim.pc文件:

  1 prefix=/usr
  2 exec_prefix=${prefix}
  3 libdir=${exec_prefix}/lib
  4 includedir=${prefix}/include
  5 localedir=${prefix}/share/locale
  6 datadir=${prefix}/share
  7 sysconfdir=${prefix}/etc
  8
  9 scimdatadir=${prefix}/share/scim
 10 icondir=${prefix}/share/scim/icons
 11 moduledir=${exec_prefix}/lib/scim-1.0/1.4.0
 12
 13 scim_binary_version=1.4.0
 14
 15 Name: SCIM
 16 Description: Smart Common Input Method platform
 17 Version: 1.4.9
 18 Requires:
 19 Libs: -L${libdir} -lscim-1.0
 20 Cflags: -I/home/san/Desktop/samba/inputmethod/scim/scim-1.4.9/src

 

Q2问题2: scim.h头文件找不到

scim_pinyin_imengine.cpp:36:18: error: scim.h: No such file or directory


A2解决方案:

 

20 Cflags: -I/home/san/Desktop/samba/inputmethod/scim/scim-1.4.9/src

 

Q3问题3:标准库找不到

scim_pinyin.cpp: In member function 'void PinyinValidator::initialize(const PinyinTable*)':
scim_pinyin.cpp:687: error: 'memset' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp: In member function 'virtual int PinyinDefaultParser::parse_one_key(const PinyinValidator&, PinyinKey&, const char*, int) const':
scim_pinyin.cpp:829: error: 'strlen' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp: In member function 'virtual int PinyinDefaultParser::parse(const PinyinValidator&, PinyinParsedKeyVector&, const char*, int) const':
scim_pinyin.cpp:882: error: 'strlen' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp: In member function 'int PinyinDefaultParser::parse_initial(PinyinInitial&, const char*, int) const':
scim_pinyin.cpp:1027: error: 'strlen' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp: In member function 'int PinyinDefaultParser::parse_final(PinyinFinal&, const char*, int) const':
scim_pinyin.cpp:1060: error: 'strlen' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp: In member function 'virtual int PinyinShuangPinParser::parse_one_key(const PinyinValidator&, PinyinKey&, const char*, int) const':
scim_pinyin.cpp:1113: error: 'strlen' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp: In member function 'virtual int PinyinShuangPinParser::parse(const PinyinValidator&, PinyinParsedKeyVector&, const char*, int) const':
scim_pinyin.cpp:1206: error: 'strlen' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp: In member function 'bool PinyinTable::input(std::istream&)':
scim_pinyin.cpp:1569: error: 'strlen' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp:1569: error: 'strncmp' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp:1580: error: 'strlen' was not declared in this scope
scim_pinyin.cpp:1580: error: 'strncmp' was not declared in this scope

 

A3解决方案:

在scim_pinyin.cpp中包含cstring头文件

  30 #define Uses_C_STRING
  31
  32 #include <scim.h>
  33 #include "scim_pinyin.h"


类似的还有scim_phrase.cpp、scim_pinyin_phrase.cpp和scim_special_table.cpp。


Q4问题4:找不到动态连接库libscim-1.0.so

g++ -shared -nostdlib /usr/lib/gcc/i486-linux-gnu/4.3.3/../../../../lib/crti.o /usr/lib/gcc/i486-linux-gnu/4.3.3/crtbeginS.o  .libs/pinyin_la-scim_pinyin_imengine.o -Wl,--whole-archive ./.libs/libpinyin.a -Wl,--no-whole-archive  -lscim-1.0 -L/usr/lib/gcc/i486-linux-gnu/4.3.3 -L/usr/lib/gcc/i486-linux-gnu/4.3.3/../../../../lib -L/lib/../lib -L/usr/lib/../lib -L/usr/lib/gcc/i486-linux-gnu/4.3.3/../../.. -lstdc++ -lm -lc -lgcc_s /usr/lib/gcc/i486-linux-gnu/4.3.3/crtendS.o /usr/lib/gcc/i486-linux-gnu/4.3.3/../../../../lib/crtn.o  -Wl,-soname -Wl,pinyin.so -Wl,-retain-symbols-file -Wl,.libs/pinyin.exp -o .libs/pinyin.so
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lscim-1.0


解决方案:

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/home/san/Desktop/samba/inputmethod/scim/scim-1.4.9/src/.libs/

注意:只能用绝对路径!

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