关闭

Kernel 顶层Makefile文件引用Scripts/Kbuild.include分析

标签: 脚本内核makefilekernel
1753人阅读 评论(0) 收藏 举报
分类:

####
# kbuild: Generic definitions

# Convenient variables
# 为了方便定义的变量
# 逗号
comma   := ,
# 单引号
squote  := '
# 空
empty   :=
# 空格,空+ +空,聪明
space   := $(empty) $(empty)

###
# Name of target with a '.' as filename prefix. foo/bar.o => foo/.bar.o
# 对制定文件名前加.,就是将foo/bar.o转化为foo/.bar.o
dot-target = $(dir $@).$(notdir $@)

###
# The temporary file to save gcc -MD generated dependencies must not
# contain a comma
# 这个函数的功能应该是去掉文件名中都好
depfile = $(subst $(comma),_,$(dot-target).d)

###
# filename of target with directory and extension stripped
# 获取目标文件的名字,去掉目录和扩展名
basetarget = $(basename $(notdir $@))

###
# Escape single quote for use in echo statements
# 避免在echo声明中使用单引号
escsq = $(subst $(squote),'\$(squote)',$1)

###
# filechk is used to check if the content of a generated file is updated.
# Sample usage:
# define filechk_sample
# echo $KERNELRELEASE
# endef
# version.h : Makefile
# $(call filechk,sample)
# The rule defined shall write to stdout the content of the new file.
# The existing file will be compared with the new one.
# - If no file exist it is created
# - If the content differ the new file is used
# - If they are equal no change, and no timestamp update
# - stdin is piped in from the first prerequisite ($<) so one has
#   to specify a valid file as first prerequisite (often the kbuild file)
# filechk函数用于检测被生成文件的内容是否被更新过了,是否需要再更新
       chk_filechk = :
 quiet_chk_filechk = echo '  CHK     $@'
silent_chk_filechk = :
       upd_filechk = :
 quiet_upd_filechk = echo '  UPD     $@'
silent_upd_filechk = :

define filechk
$(Q)set -e; \
$($(quiet)chk_filechk); \
mkdir -p $(dir $@); \
$(filechk_$(1)) < $< > $@.tmp; \
if [ -r $@ ] && cmp -s $@ $@.tmp; then \
rm -f $@.tmp; \
else \
$($(quiet)upd_filechk); \
mv -f $@.tmp $@; \
fi
endef

######
# gcc support functions
# See documentation in Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt

# cc-cross-prefix
# Usage: CROSS_COMPILE := $(call cc-cross-prefix, m68k-linux-gnu- m68k-linux-)
# Return first prefix where a prefix$(CC) is found in PATH.
# If no $(CC) found in PATH with listed prefixes return nothing
# gcc的辅助函数
cc-cross-prefix =  \
$(word 1, $(foreach c,$(1),                                   \
$(shell set -e;                                       \
if (which $(strip $(c))$(CC)) > /dev/null 2>&1 ; then \
echo $(c);                                    \
fi)))

# output directory for tests below
# 用于测试的输出目录
TMPOUT := $(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD),$(firstword $(KBUILD_EXTMOD))/)

# try-run
# Usage: option = $(call try-run, $(CC)...-o "$$TMP",option-ok,otherwise)
# Exit code chooses option. "$$TMP" is can be used as temporary file and
# is automatically cleaned up.
# 不知道干嘛用的
try-run = $(shell set -e; \
TMP="$(TMPOUT).$$$$.tmp"; \
if ($(1)) >/dev/null 2>&1; \
then echo "$(2)"; \
else echo "$(3)"; \
fi; \
rm -f "$$TMP")

# as-option
# Usage: cflags-y += $(call as-option,-Wa$(comma)-isa=foo,)

as-option = $(call try-run,\
$(CC) $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) $(1) -c -xassembler /dev/null -o "$$TMP",$(1),$(2))

# as-instr
# Usage: cflags-y += $(call as-instr,instr,option1,option2)

as-instr = $(call try-run,\
echo -e "$(1)" | $(CC) $(KBUILD_AFLAGS) -c -xassembler -o "$$TMP" -,$(2),$(3))

# cc-option
# Usage: cflags-y += $(call cc-option,-march=winchip-c6,-march=i586)

cc-option = $(call try-run,\
$(CC) $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) $(1) -S -xc /dev/null -o "$$TMP",$(1),$(2))

# cc-option-yn
# Usage: flag := $(call cc-option-yn,-march=winchip-c6)
cc-option-yn = $(call try-run,\
$(CC) $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) $(1) -S -xc /dev/null -o "$$TMP",y,n)

# cc-option-align
# Prefix align with either -falign or -malign
cc-option-align = $(subst -functions=0,,\
$(call cc-option,-falign-functions=0,-malign-functions=0))

# cc-version
# Usage gcc-ver := $(call cc-version)
cc-version = $(shell $(CONFIG_SHELL) $(srctree)/scripts/gcc-version.sh $(CC))

# cc-fullversion
# Usage gcc-ver := $(call cc-fullversion)
cc-fullversion = $(shell $(CONFIG_SHELL) \
$(srctree)/scripts/gcc-version.sh -p $(CC))

# cc-ifversion
# Usage:  EXTRA_CFLAGS += $(call cc-ifversion, -lt, 0402, -O1)
cc-ifversion = $(shell [ $(call cc-version, $(CC)) $(1) $(2) ] && echo $(3))

# ld-option
# Usage: ldflags += $(call ld-option, -Wl$(comma)--hash-style=both)
ld-option = $(call try-run,\
$(CC) $(1) -nostdlib -xc /dev/null -o "$$TMP",$(1),$(2))

######

###
# Shorthand for $(Q)$(MAKE) -f scripts/Makefile.build obj=
# Usage:
# $(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=dir
build := -f $(if $(KBUILD_SRC),$(srctree)/)scripts/Makefile.build obj

# Prefix -I with $(srctree) if it is not an absolute path.
addtree = $(if $(filter-out -I/%,$(1)),$(patsubst -I%,-I$(srctree)/%,$(1))) $(1)

# Find all -I options and call addtree
flags = $(foreach o,$($(1)),$(if $(filter -I%,$(o)),$(call addtree,$(o)),$(o)))

# echo command.
# Short version is used, if $(quiet) equals `quiet_', otherwise full one.
echo-cmd = $(if $($(quiet)cmd_$(1)),\
echo '  $(call escsq,$($(quiet)cmd_$(1)))$(echo-why)';)

# printing commands
cmd = @$(echo-cmd) $(cmd_$(1))

# Add $(obj)/ for paths that are not absolute
objectify = $(foreach o,$(1),$(if $(filter /%,$(o)),$(o),$(obj)/$(o)))

###
# if_changed      - execute command if any prerequisite is newer than
#                   target, or command line has changed
# if_changed_dep  - as if_changed, but uses fixdep to reveal dependencies
#                   including used config symbols
# if_changed_rule - as if_changed but execute rule instead
# See Documentation/kbuild/makefiles.txt for more info

ifneq ($(KBUILD_NOCMDDEP),1)
# Check if both arguments has same arguments. Result is empty string if equal.
# User may override this check using make KBUILD_NOCMDDEP=1
arg-check = $(strip $(filter-out $(cmd_$(1)), $(cmd_$@)) \
                    $(filter-out $(cmd_$@),   $(cmd_$(1))) )
endif

# >'< substitution is for echo to work,
# >$< substitution to preserve $ when reloading .cmd file
# note: when using inline perl scripts [perl -e '...$$t=1;...']
# in $(cmd_xxx) double $$ your perl vars
make-cmd = $(subst \#,\\\#,$(subst $$,$$$$,$(call escsq,$(cmd_$(1)))))

# Find any prerequisites that is newer than target or that does not exist.
# PHONY targets skipped in both cases.
any-prereq = $(filter-out $(PHONY),$?) $(filter-out $(PHONY) $(wildcard $^),$^)

# Execute command if command has changed or prerequisite(s) are updated.
#
if_changed = $(if $(strip $(any-prereq) $(arg-check)),                       \
@set -e;                                                             \
$(echo-cmd) $(cmd_$(1));                                             \
echo 'cmd_$@ := $(make-cmd)' > $(dot-target).cmd)

# Execute the command and also postprocess generated .d dependencies file.
if_changed_dep = $(if $(strip $(any-prereq) $(arg-check) ),                  \
@set -e;                                                             \
$(echo-cmd) $(cmd_$(1));                                             \
scripts/basic/fixdep $(depfile) $@ '$(make-cmd)' > $(dot-target).tmp;\
rm -f $(depfile);                                                    \
mv -f $(dot-target).tmp $(dot-target).cmd)

# Usage: $(call if_changed_rule,foo)
# Will check if $(cmd_foo) or any of the prerequisites changed,
# and if so will execute $(rule_foo).
if_changed_rule = $(if $(strip $(any-prereq) $(arg-check) ),                 \
@set -e;                                                             \
$(rule_$(1)))

###
# why - tell why a a target got build
#       enabled by make V=2
#       Output (listed in the order they are checked):
#          (1) - due to target is PHONY
#          (2) - due to target missing
#          (3) - due to: file1.h file2.h
#          (4) - due to command line change
#          (5) - due to missing .cmd file
#          (6) - due to target not in $(targets)
# (1) PHONY targets are always build
# (2) No target, so we better build it
# (3) Prerequisite is newer than target
# (4) The command line stored in the file named dir/.target.cmd
#     differed from actual command line. This happens when compiler
#     options changes
# (5) No dir/.target.cmd file (used to store command line)
# (6) No dir/.target.cmd file and target not listed in $(targets)
#     This is a good hint that there is a bug in the kbuild file
ifeq ($(KBUILD_VERBOSE),2)
why =                                                                        \
    $(if $(filter $@, $(PHONY)),- due to target is PHONY,                    \
        $(if $(wildcard $@),                                                 \
            $(if $(strip $(any-prereq)),- due to: $(any-prereq),             \
                $(if $(arg-check),                                           \
                    $(if $(cmd_$@),- due to command line change,             \
                        $(if $(filter $@, $(targets)),                       \
                            - due to missing .cmd file,                      \
                            - due to $(notdir $@) not in $$(targets)         \
                         )                                                   \
                     )                                                       \
                 )                                                           \
             ),                                                              \
             - due to target missing                                         \
         )                                                                   \
     )

echo-why = $(call escsq, $(strip $(why)))
endif



有道笔记连接: http://note.youdao.com/share/?id=0aa0d47e29280db4722fdfb309465c68&type=note

0
0

查看评论
* 以上用户言论只代表其个人观点,不代表CSDN网站的观点或立场
    个人资料
    • 访问:34530次
    • 积分:621
    • 等级:
    • 排名:千里之外
    • 原创:26篇
    • 转载:4篇
    • 译文:0篇
    • 评论:4条
    文章存档
    最新评论