libmad mp3 decode example code

原创 2015年07月06日 21:25:57
/*
 * libmad - MPEG audio decoder library
 * Copyright (C) 2000-2004 Underbit Technologies, Inc.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 *
 * $Id: minimad.c,v 1.4 2004/01/23 09:41:32 rob Exp $
 */

# include <stdio.h>
# include <unistd.h>
# include <sys/stat.h>
# include <sys/mman.h>

# include "mad.h"

/*
 * This is perhaps the simplest example use of the MAD high-level API.
 * Standard input is mapped into memory via mmap(), then the high-level API
 * is invoked with three callbacks: input, output, and error. The output
 * callback converts MAD's high-resolution PCM samples to 16 bits, then
 * writes them to standard output in little-endian, stereo-interleaved
 * format.
 */

static int decode(unsigned char const *, unsigned long);

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
  struct stat stat;
  void *fdm;

  if (argc != 1)
    return 1;

  if (fstat(STDIN_FILENO, &stat) == -1 ||
      stat.st_size == 0)
    return 2;

  fdm = mmap(0, stat.st_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, STDIN_FILENO, 0);
  if (fdm == MAP_FAILED)
    return 3;

  decode(fdm, stat.st_size);

  if (munmap(fdm, stat.st_size) == -1)
    return 4;

  return 0;
}

/*
 * This is a private message structure. A generic pointer to this structure
 * is passed to each of the callback functions. Put here any data you need
 * to access from within the callbacks.
 */

struct buffer {
  unsigned char const *start;
  unsigned long length;
};

/*
 * This is the input callback. The purpose of this callback is to (re)fill
 * the stream buffer which is to be decoded. In this example, an entire file
 * has been mapped into memory, so we just call mad_stream_buffer() with the
 * address and length of the mapping. When this callback is called a second
 * time, we are finished decoding.
 */

static
enum mad_flow input(void *data,
            struct mad_stream *stream)
{
  struct buffer *buffer = data;

  if (!buffer->length)
    return MAD_FLOW_STOP;

  mad_stream_buffer(stream, buffer->start, buffer->length);

  buffer->length = 0;

  return MAD_FLOW_CONTINUE;
}

/*
 * The following utility routine performs simple rounding, clipping, and
 * scaling of MAD's high-resolution samples down to 16 bits. It does not
 * perform any dithering or noise shaping, which would be recommended to
 * obtain any exceptional audio quality. It is therefore not recommended to
 * use this routine if high-quality output is desired.
 */

static inline
signed int scale(mad_fixed_t sample)
{
  /* round */
  sample += (1L << (MAD_F_FRACBITS - 16));

  /* clip */
  if (sample >= MAD_F_ONE)
    sample = MAD_F_ONE - 1;
  else if (sample < -MAD_F_ONE)
    sample = -MAD_F_ONE;

  /* quantize */
  return sample >> (MAD_F_FRACBITS + 1 - 16);
}

/*
 * This is the output callback function. It is called after each frame of
 * MPEG audio data has been completely decoded. The purpose of this callback
 * is to output (or play) the decoded PCM audio.
 */

static
enum mad_flow output(void *data,
             struct mad_header const *header,
             struct mad_pcm *pcm)
{
  unsigned int nchannels, nsamples;
  mad_fixed_t const *left_ch, *right_ch;

  /* pcm->samplerate contains the sampling frequency */

  nchannels = pcm->channels;
  nsamples  = pcm->length;
  left_ch   = pcm->samples[0];
  right_ch  = pcm->samples[1];

  while (nsamples--) {
    signed int sample;

    /* output sample(s) in 16-bit signed little-endian PCM */

    sample = scale(*left_ch++);
    putchar((sample >> 0) & 0xff);
    putchar((sample >> 8) & 0xff);

    if (nchannels == 2) {
      sample = scale(*right_ch++);
      putchar((sample >> 0) & 0xff);
      putchar((sample >> 8) & 0xff);
    }
  }

  return MAD_FLOW_CONTINUE;
}

/*
 * This is the error callback function. It is called whenever a decoding
 * error occurs. The error is indicated by stream->error; the list of
 * possible MAD_ERROR_* errors can be found in the mad.h (or stream.h)
 * header file.
 */

static
enum mad_flow error(void *data,
            struct mad_stream *stream,
            struct mad_frame *frame)
{
  struct buffer *buffer = data;

  fprintf(stderr, "decoding error 0x%04x (%s) at byte offset %u\n",
      stream->error, mad_stream_errorstr(stream),
      stream->this_frame - buffer->start);

  /* return MAD_FLOW_BREAK here to stop decoding (and propagate an error) */

  return MAD_FLOW_CONTINUE;
}

/*
 * This is the function called by main() above to perform all the decoding.
 * It instantiates a decoder object and configures it with the input,
 * output, and error callback functions above. A single call to
 * mad_decoder_run() continues until a callback function returns
 * MAD_FLOW_STOP (to stop decoding) or MAD_FLOW_BREAK (to stop decoding and
 * signal an error).
 */

static
int decode(unsigned char const *start, unsigned long length)
{
  struct buffer buffer;
  struct mad_decoder decoder;
  int result;

  /* initialize our private message structure */

  buffer.start  = start;
  buffer.length = length;

  /* configure input, output, and error functions */

  mad_decoder_init(&decoder, &buffer,
           input, 0 /* header */, 0 /* filter */, output,
           error, 0 /* message */);

  /* start decoding */

  result = mad_decoder_run(&decoder, MAD_DECODER_MODE_SYNC);

  /* release the decoder */

  mad_decoder_finish(&decoder);

  return result;
}

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。

相关文章推荐

helix-mp3 encode &amp; decode source code

  • 2012年05月01日 22:57
  • 1.86MB
  • 下载

win mobile 5播放mp3音乐的方法(2)--libmad库的使用篇

win mobile 5播放mp3音乐的方法(2)--libmad库的使用篇   2010-07-16 15:14:26|  分类: wince |  标签: |字号大中小 订阅 ...

基于 libmad 的简单 MP3 流媒体播放器的实现

转载地址:http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/cn/linux/l-cn-libmadmp3player/index.html 1.介绍 本文在 Fedor...
  • czc1009
  • czc1009
  • 2013年12月15日 21:43
  • 976

libmad解码mp3生成pcm文件

在之前的一篇文章中介绍了如何在linux下,使用libmad解码mp3并且播放,将源码编译了,可以正常的播放MP3文件,但是在项目里面需要将mp3解码成pcm文件,所以需要将之前的代码进行修改一下,修...

基于 libmad 的简单 MP3 流媒体播放器的实现

yuan 本文在 Fedora 5 Linux 下实现了一个基于 libmad 的 MP3 流媒体播放器。此流媒体播放器可以播放基于 HTTP 1.1 协议传输的 MP3 流媒体数据。 5...

linux下使用libmad库实现mp3文件的解码、播放

libmad是一种高品质的MPEG音频解码器,支持24-bit输出。对其的详细介绍请参考主页: http://www.underbit.com/products/mad/ 准备工作 x86_64平台的...

基于 libmad 的简单 MP3 流媒体播放器的实现

1.介绍 本文在 Fedora 5 Linux 下实现了一个基于 libmad 的 MP3 流媒体播放器。此流媒体播放器可以播放基于 HTTP 1.1 协议传输的 MP3 流媒体数据。 基本原理是...

libmad学习进阶4 -----基于atlas音频驱动架构的MP3播放器

/*modify by hfl 20140216*/ #define ALSA_PCM_NEW_HW_PARAMS_API # include # include # include # inc...

基于 libmad 的简单 MP3 流媒体播放器的实现

转载地址:http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/cn/linux/l-cn-libmadmp3player/index.html 1.介绍 本文在 Fedor...

基于 libmad 的简单 MP3 流媒体播放器的实现

1.介绍 基于 libmad 的简单 MP3 流媒体播放器的实现 本文在 Fedora 5 Linux 下实现了一个基于 libmad 的 MP3 流媒体播放器。此流媒体播放器可以播放基于 H...
  • xuwuhao
  • xuwuhao
  • 2013年01月21日 15:58
  • 467
内容举报
返回顶部
收藏助手
不良信息举报
您举报文章:libmad mp3 decode example code
举报原因:
原因补充:

(最多只允许输入30个字)